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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

SkP info: II, 718

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

25 — Sturl Hákkv 25II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 25’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 718.

Sú kom gipt
af guðs syni
yfir Hákon
heilli góðu,
er allvald
öflgrar kristni
til friðar vígði,
ok geðstórr
á grams höfuð
kórónu lét
í Björgyn
at boði páfa.

Sú gipt kom góðu heilli yfir Hákon af {syni guðs}, er {fyrirmaðr öflgrar kristni} vígði allvald til friðar, ok geðstórr, kappsnúinn karðináli lét kórónu á konungligt höfuð grams í Björgyn at boði páfa.

That luck came by good fortune upon Hákon from {the son of God} [= Christ], when {the leading man of powerful Christianity} [= William] consecrated the mighty ruler for peace, and the proud, vigorous cardinal placed the crown on the royal head of the prince in Bergen at the Pope’s bidding.

Mss: E(182v), F(114ra), 42ˣ(172r), 81a(113vb), 8(61v-62r), Flat(180va) (Hák)

Readings: [1] kom: Aukin Flat;    gipt: so 42ˣ, 8, Flat, gipta E, F, 81a    [3] Hákon: Hákoni Flat    [4] heilli: so all others, helli E    [5] er: om. 81a;    ‑vald: so F, 81a, Flat, ‑valdr E, 42ˣ, 8    [6] öflgrar: öflgar 42ˣ, 81a;    kristni: om. 8    [8] vígði: vígðu 42ˣ, hafði 8    [9] geð‑: gekk 42ˣ;    ‑stórr: ‑stórt F, Flat, ‑stór 42ˣ, 81a    [11] ‑ligt: ‑sins 81a, ‑liga 8    [13] kappsnúinn: so 8, ok kom kappsnúinn E, 81a, þá kom kappsnúinn F, ok kom kapps numin 42ˣ, kom kappsnúinn Flat    [14] karðináli: karðinális 42ˣ    [15] ‑gyn: ‑vin F, 81a

Editions: Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarkviða 28-9: AII, 115-16, BII, 123-4, Skald II, 66; E 1916, 622, F 1871, 531, Hák 1910-86, 598, Hák 1977-82, 143, Flat 1860-8, III, 170.

Context: On 29 July 1247, Hákon was crowned king of Norway by the papal legate William of Sabina. The coronation took place in Kristkirken in Bergen.

Notes: [All]: See also Sturl Hryn 1. — [1] gipt ‘luck’: Gipta ‘luck’ (so E, F, 81a) makes the l. hypermetrical. — [4] góðu heilli ‘by good fortune’: See sts 3/4 and 34/6. — [14] karðináli ‘cardinal’: William of Sabina had been on a papal mission to Henry III of England, and he arrived in Norway in July of 1247. From Norway he proceeded to Sweden to visit the court of King Eiríkr Eiríksson. — [15]: The l. echoes Anon Nkt 55/11. — [16] at boði páfa ‘at the Pope’s bidding’: In November 1246, Pope Innocent IV granted Hákon dispensation to be crowned king of Norway (Hákon was the illegitimate son of Hákon Sverrisson and Inga of Varteig).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated