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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38 

for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

SkP info: II, 716-17

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

23 — Sturl Hákkv 23II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 23’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 716-17.

En nafnfrægt
nøkkvi síðar
í náreið
á Niðarbakka
við leygför
leggja knátti
ríkr hertogi.

En nøkkvi síðar knátti ríkr hertogi leggja nafnfrægt rausnarlíf í náreið á Niðarbakka við leygför.

And a little later, the powerful duke placed his renowned, splendid body on the bier on the banks of Nidelven because of the raging of fire.

Mss: E(179v), F(112va), 42ˣ(168r), 81a(111va), 8(59r), Flat(179va) (Hák)

Readings: [1] En: Nú F;    nafn‑: so 8, Flat, mun E, man F, 42ˣ, 81a;    ‑frægt: ‑frægr Flat    [2] nøkkvi: nokkru 42ˣ;    síðar: síðan Flat    [3] í náreið: mar reið or maðr reið 42ˣ, inn á reið Flat    [5] við leygför: so 8, ‘læg færr’ E, ‘við legg fíor’ F, ‘við leggfor’ 42ˣ, ‘vid lægfor’ 81a, ‘vid laugfaur’ Flat    [7] ‑líf: ‘líd’ Flat

Editions: Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarkviða 26: AII, 115, BII, 123, Skald II, 66; E 1916, 612, F 1871, 523, Hák 1910-86, 578-9, Hák 1977-82, 135, Flat 1860-8, III, 161.

Context: By 24 May 1240, Skúli had been defeated. He took refuge in the monastery of Elgeseter, Trondheim. The Birkibeinar set fire to the monastery, and Skúli and his men went outside, where he and most of those with him were killed.

Notes: [1] nafnfrægt (n. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’: Only 8 and Flat contain the first element of this cpd (the other mss have a form of munu ‘may, will be’), but nafn- is needed to provide alliteration. Nafnfrægr (m. nom. sg.) ‘renowned’ in Flat qualifies hertogi ‘duke’ (l. 8; so Skj B and Skald), but this looks like a lectio facilior in view of the readings of 8 and the other mss. — [3] í náreið ‘on the bier’: Lit. ‘on the corpse-waggon’. Hap. leg. — [4] á Niðarbakka ‘on the banks of Nidelven’: River running through the city of Trondheim. Elgeseter monastery, which was burned to the ground in this fire, was located on the eastern bank of the river. The l. echoes Anon Nkt 48/4. — [8] hertogi ‘duke’: Skúli was the first Norw. nobleman to bear this title, which was bestowed on him by Hákon in 1237. See also Note to Ólhv Hryn 5/8.

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated