Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Hákonarkviða (Hákkv) - 42

Skj info: Sturla Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald og historiker, 1214-84 (AII, 101-29, BII, 112-36).

Skj poems:
1. Þverárvísur
2. Þorgilsdrápa
3. Hrynhenda
4. Hákonarkviða
5. Hrafnsmál
6. Hákonarflokkr
7. En drape om Magnús lagaböter
8. Lausavísur

The life of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl) is chronicled in Sturlunga saga (Stu). He was born on 29 July 1214 as the second son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra, and he was the younger brother of Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv). In his early years he spent much time with his uncle, the poet, historian and lawspeaker Snorri Sturluson (SnSt, d. 1241), and later he took an active part in the events that played out before and after the collapse of the Icel. Commonwealth. Sturla was lawspeaker in Iceland 1251-2 and lawman, appointed by the Norw. king, 1272-82. In 1263 he went to Norway where he met King Magnús lagabœtir ‘Law-mender’ Hákonarson (d. 1280). After an initially very cool reception, the king commissioned him to write the saga of Magnús’s father Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1264) and also that of Magnús himself. Sturla later became the retainer (hirðmaðr, skutilsveinn) of Magnús and brought the law code Járnsíða ‘Ironside’ from Norway to Iceland in 1271. The story of Sturla’s journey to Norway in 1263 and his dealings with Magnús is recounted in Sturlu þáttr (StÞ), preserved in a version of Stu. In addition to the sagas of Hákon Hákonarson (Hák) and the no longer extant saga of his son Magnús lagabœtir (only two leaves are preserved in AM 325 X 4°), Sturla is the author of Íslendinga saga (Ísls) and of a redaction of Landnámabók (Ldn, in AM 107 folˣ = Stˣ). Some scholars believe that he may have been responsible for the extant redaction of Kristni saga (Kristni) (see LH 1894-1901, II, 98-105, 717-43), and he is also mentioned as an informant by the author of Grettis saga Ásmundarsonar (Gr; see ÍF 7, 157, 226, 289). Like his uncle, Snorri, and his brother, Óláfr, Sturla was a prolific poet. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256, 260, 272, 279, 384-96), he composed poems in honour of the Norw. kings Hákon Hákonarson and Magnús lagabœtir Hákonarson, and also about the Swed. jarl Birgir Magnússon (d. 1266). Nothing is preserved of Sturla’s panegyrics to the latter, but two sts from his poetry to Magnús are recorded in Hák (see Magnússdrápa (Sturl Magndr) below). The bulk of Sturla’s poetic oeuvre about Hákon Hákonarson is interspersed with the prose in Hák: Hrynhenda (Sturl Hryn), Hákonarkviða (Sturl Hákkv), Hrafnsmál (Sturl Hrafn) and Hákonarflokkr (Sturl Hákfl). In addition to these encomia, Sturla composed poetry about events and dignitaries in Iceland: namely Þverárvísur (Sturl ÞvervIV) and Þorgilsdrápa (Sturl ÞorgdrIV), both of which have been edited in SkP IV. That is also the case with his lvv. (Sturl Lv 1-4IV). One fragment which earlier eds assigned to Hryn (earlier st. 22) has been edited in SkP III as Sturl FragIII. Sturla died on 30 July 1284 and was buried in the Church of S. Peter at Staðarhóll.

Hákonarkviða — Sturl HákkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 699-727.

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for reference only:  5x   9x   10x   25x 

Skj: Sturla Þórðarson: 4. Hákonarkviða, 1263-64 (AII, 108-19, BII, 118-26); stanzas (if different): 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10-11 | 11 | 12-13 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28-9 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42

SkP info: II, 708

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

11 — Sturl Hákkv 11II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Sturla Þórðarson, Hákonarkviða 11’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 708.

Lagði rösk,
en risu laukar,
hilmis hirð
hendr at reipum,
en húnskriptr
hreggi blásnar
fylkis ferð
til frama greiddu.

Rösk hirð hilmis lagði hendr at reipum, en laukar risu, en {hreggi blásnar húnskriptr} greiddu ferð fylkis til frama.

The daring retinue of the ruler put their hands on the ropes, and the masts rose up, and {the storm-swept decorated cloth} [SAIL] of the mast-top made the journey of the sovereign a success.

Mss: E(175r), F(110ra), 81a(107rb), 8(54v), Flat(178ra) (Hák)

Readings: [1] Lagði: Hafði Flat    [3] hirð: so 81a, 8, Flat, om. E, ferð F    [4] at: á Flat    [5] ‑skriptr: skript 8    [7] ferð: om. F

Editions: Skj: Sturla Þórðarson, 4. Hákonarkviða 14: AII, 112, BII, 121, Skald II, 65, NN §2579; E 1916, 598, F 1871, 510, Hák 1910-86, 546-7, Hák 1977-82, 121, Flat 1860-8, III, 145.

Context: On the Tuesday after Easter 1240, Hákon sailed south in a fair wind along the south-western coast of Norway to Kvitsøy (south of Karmøy) on his way to force an encounter with Skúli in Oslo.

Notes: [5] húnskriptr (f. nom. pl.) ‘decorated cloth of the mast-top [SAIL]’: Sails decorated with pictures (skriptr). See Note to ÞjóðA Magnfl 2/8. — [7] ferð fylkis ‘the journey of the sovereign’: Kock (NN §2579) takes ferð ‘journey’ in the meaning ‘company’ and treats ferð fylkis ‘the company of the sovereign’ as the subject of the cl. in the second helmingr: ferð fylkis greiddu hreggi blásnar húnskriptr til frama ‘the company of the sovereign arranged the storm-swept sails successfully’ (Kock provides no exact translation here). That interpretation is unlikely in view of the relatively common combinations of greiða ‘make easy’ with ferð ‘journey’ or vegr ‘road, way’ (see Fritzner: greiða 2-3).

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