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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Snorri Sturluson (SnSt)

13th century; volume 3; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. Háttatal (Ht) - 102

Skj info: Snorri Sturluson, Islandsk höfding og skjald, 1178-1241. (AII, 52-79, BII, 60-90).

Skj poems:
1. En drape om Skule jarl
2. Háttatal
3. Af et religiøst digt (?)
4. Lausavísur
4. Lausavísur

prose works

Háttatal — SnSt HtIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1094. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1376> (accessed 19 September 2021)

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Skj: Snorri Sturluson: 2. Háttatal, 1222-23 (AII, 52-77, BII, 61-88)

SkP info: III, 1111

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

7 — SnSt Ht 7III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 7’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1111.

Hjálms fylli spekr hilmir
hvatr Vindhlés skatna;
hann kná hjǫrvi þunnum
hræs þjóðár ræsa.
Ýgr hilmir lætr eiga
ǫld dreyrfá skjǫldu;
styrs rýðr stillir hersum
sterkr járngrá serki.

 

The brave lord subdues men {with Vindhlér’s {filling of the helmet}}; [HEAD > SWORD] he can make {mighty rivers of carrion} [BLOOD] rush with the slender sword. The terrifying lord makes people possess bloodstained shields; the strong ruler reddens {the iron-grey shirts of battle} [BYRNIES] of the hersar.

context: The stanza illustrates the poetic license of having syllables in the even lines that are pronounced so slowly that the lines may contain five rather than six syllables.

notes: The headings read: vij. ‘seven’ (), oddhent ‘front-rhymed’ (U(47r)). The heading in U refers to the fact that the first internal rhyme in all lines falls in metrical position 1. — Three of the words in this stanza containing syllables that are pronounced ‘slowly’ (samstǫfur seinar) are hiatus-words which earlier would have had an extra syllable: þjóðár < þjóðáar (fem. acc. pl.) ‘mighty rivers’ (l. 4); dreyrfá < dreyrfáa (m. acc. pl.) ‘blood-stained’ (l. 6); járngrá < járngráa (m. acc. pl.) ‘iron-grey’ (l. 8). This stanza and the surrounding prose commentary are very interesting, because they show that, by 1220, earlier hiatus-words had been contracted and were no longer disyllabic, although Snorri knew that they belonged to a special category.

texts: Ht 7, SnE 599

editions: Skj Snorri Sturluson: 2. Háttatal 7 (AII, 54; BII, 62); Skald II, 36; SnE 1848-87 I, 608-9, II, 370, 376-7, III, 112-13, SnE 1879-81, I, 2, 75, II, 5, SnE 1931, 218, SnE 2007, 7; Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 6.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 45v, 25 - 45v, 27 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 47v, 31 - 47v, 31 (SnE)  image  
AM 242 fol (W) 139, 10 - 139, 12 (SnE)  image  image  image  
DG 11 (U*) 47r, 4 - 47r, 4 [1-1] (SnE)  image  
DG 11 (U) 49r, 11 - 49r, 13 (SnE)  image  
AMAcc 18x (Acc18x) 204, 18 - 204, 22  
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