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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Snorri Sturluson (SnSt)

13th century; volume 3; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. Háttatal (Ht) - 102

Skj info: Snorri Sturluson, Islandsk höfding og skjald, 1178-1241. (AII, 52-79, BII, 60-90).

Skj poems:
1. En drape om Skule jarl
2. Háttatal
3. Af et religiøst digt (?)
4. Lausavísur
4. Lausavísur

prose works

Háttatal — SnSt HtIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1094.

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Skj: Snorri Sturluson: 2. Háttatal, 1222-23 (AII, 52-77, BII, 61-88)

SkP info: III, 1164

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

55 — SnSt Ht 55III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Snorri Sturluson, Háttatal 55’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1164.

Hverr séi jǫfra œgi
jarl fjǫlvitrum betra
eða gjarnara at gœða
glym hraðsveldan skjalda?
Stendr af stála skúrar
styrr ólítill Gauti,
þás fólks jaðarr foldir
ferr sig-Njǫrðum varða.

Hverr séi jarl betra {fjǫlvitrum œgi jǫfra} eða gjarnara at gœða {hraðsveldan glym skjalda}? Ólítill styrr stendr af {Gauti {skúrar stála}}, þás {jaðarr fólks} ferr varða foldir {sig-Njǫrðum}.

Who might see a jarl better than {the extremely wise terrifier of princes} [RULER] or more eager to increase {the swift-growing clash of shields} [BATTLE]? No small enmity issues from {the Gautr <= Óðinn> {of the shower of swords}} [BATTLE > WARRIOR] when {the protector of the people} [RULER] goes to defend the lands {against battle-Nirðir <gods>} [WARRIORS].

Mss: R(50r), Tˣ(52r), W(147), U(55r) (SnE)

Readings: [1] œgi: ægir W, ‘ægri’ U    [2] fjǫl‑: ‘for‑’ U;    betra: corrected from snarla U    [3] gœða: græða U    [4] hrað‑: harð‑ W, U;    ‑sveldan: seldan W    [5] af: so all others, of R    [6] ólítill: ‘ol[…]ll’ Tˣ    [7] jaðarr: so W, U, jarðar R, Tˣ;    foldir: ferðir W    [8] Njǫrðum: ‘morkvm’ U

Editions: Skj: Snorri Sturluson, 2. Háttatal 55: AII, 67, BII, 76, Skald II, 42, NN §3256 anm.; SnE 1848-87, I, 668-9, II, 395, III, 125, SnE 1879-81, I, 9, 80, II, 22, SnE 1931, 239, SnE 2007, 25; Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 33.

Context: Snorri calls this variant Torf-Einars háttr ‘Torf-Einarr’s verse-form’. It is characterised by a lack of internal rhyme in the odd lines and by skothendingar in positions 3 and 5 in the even Type D-lines.

Notes: [All]: The heading in is Torf-Einars háttr. 47. — [All]: Torf-Einarr (TorfEI) was the illegitimate son of Rǫgnvaldr jarl of Møre, and his father appointed him jarl of Orkney (c. 900). Some of the stanzas attributed to Torf-Einarr contain lines that are characterised by the metrical features given in this stanza (see TorfE Lv 1/1-2, 5-6I, 2/5-6I, 4/7-8I, 5/3-4I). — [4] hraðsveldan ‘swift-growing’: Lit. ‘swift-swollen’. This word has been altered in R to hrað feldan ‘swift-felled’ (R*). The U variant harðsveldan ‘hard-swollen’ i.e. ‘powerful’ is also possible. — [5]: The line recalls Bjhít Lv 15/5V (BjH 20). — [8] sig-Njǫrðum ‘battle-Nirðir <gods> [WARRIORS]’: Njǫrðum is m. dat. pl. (nom. Nirðir) of the name Njǫrðr (an Old Norse god).

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