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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Skúli Þorsteinsson (Skúli)

11th century; volume 3; ed. Kate Heslop;

1. Poem about Svǫlðr (Svǫlðr) - 5

Skúli Þorsteinsson (Skúli; c. 970-1040; LH I, 556) was a grandson of Egill Skallagrímsson (Eg ch. 79, ÍF 2, 276); his wife was Bera Ormsdóttir, niece of Þorvaldr víðfǫrli ‘the Wide-travelled’ (Kristni ch. 2, Hb 1892-6, 127). Skúli is listed as a skald of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson in the Kringla version of Skáldatal but as a skald of Sveinn jarl Hákonarson in the U version (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 281). A valued member of Eiríkr’s retinue (hirð; Gunnl ch. 6, ÍF 3, 68), he was a forecastle-man (stafnbúi) on the jarl’s ship Járnbarðinn during the battle of Svolder (Svǫlðr, c. 1000; ÓTOdd 1932, 218; cf. Eg ch. 87, ÍF 2, 300). The authors of ÓT and ÓTOdd consider him a key eyewitness of the battle, about which he is said to have composed a flokkr (ÓTOdd 1932, 210). The battle stanzas by him which are preserved in the kings’ sagas and SnE may reasonably be assigned to this poem, but there is no trace of the additional encomiastic poems hypothesised by earlier scholars (SnE 1848-87, III, 719; LH I, 556). A single helmingr with mythological subject-matter, also preserved in SnE, is presumably from a different, lost poem. Skúli inherited the family farm at Borg (Eg ch. 87, ÍF 2, 300) and appears in later life as a generous and popular patron of young Icelanders (BjH chs 1-3, 7, ÍF 3, 111-19, 129).

Poem about Svǫlðr — Skúli SvǫlðrIII

Kate Heslop 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Skúli Þorsteinsson, Poem about Svǫlðr’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 360.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Skúli Þórsteinsson: 1. Digt om Svolderslaget, omkr. 1020 (AI, 305-6, BI, 283-4)

SkP info: III, 361

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Skúli Svǫlðr 1III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kate Heslop (ed.) 2017, ‘Skúli Þorsteinsson, Poem about Svǫlðr 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 361.

Vakik, þars vel leizk ekka
(víðis) áðr ok síðan
(greppr hlýðir þá góðu
gallópnis vel spjalli).

Vakik, þars leizk ekka vel áðr ok síðan; þá hlýðir greppr vel góðu spjalli {víðis gallópnis}.

I wake up where sorrow thrived earlier and afterwards; then the poet listens well to the good tale {of the ocean of the eagle} [BLOOD].

texts: Skm 347, SnE 349

editions: Skj Skúli Þórsteinsson: 1. Digt om Svolderslaget 1 (AI, 305; BI, 283); Skald I, 145, NN §768; SnE 1848-87, I, 492-3, II, 354, 457, 544, 598, III, 101, SnE 1931, 173, SnE 1998, I, 92.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 38r, 12 - 38r, 13 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 39v, 21 - 39v, 21 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
DG 11 (U) 40v, 17 - 40v, 18 (SnE)  transcr.  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A) 14r, 33 - 14r, 34 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 6v, 54 - 6v, 55 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 7r, 25 - 7r, 26 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 341v, 8 - 341v, 11  transcr.  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated