Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Leiðarvísan (Leið) - 45

not in Skj

Leiðarvísan (‘Way-Guidance’) — Anon LeiðVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Leiðarvísan’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 137-78.

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Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII]: G [2]. Leiðarvísan, et digt fra det 12. årh. (AI, 618-26, BI, 622-33)

SkP info: VII, 159-60

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

21 — Anon Leið 21VII

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Cite as: Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Leiðarvísan 21’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 159-60.

Einn es sælstr of sinni
— samir lýðum trú þýðask —
heims stýrandinn hár*i
hallar skepnu allri.
Lúta englar ítrum
óttlaust ok lið dróttni;
einn es siklingr sunnu
setrs hvívetna betri.

{Stýrandinn {hallar heims}} es einn sælstr of allri sinni hár*i skepnu; lýðum samir þýðask trú. Englar ok lið lúta óttlaust ítrum dróttni; {siklingr {setrs sunnu}} es einn betri hvívetna.

{The steerer {of the hall of the world}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] is alone most blessed throughout all his exalted creation; it befits people to submit to the faith. Angels and people bow down fearlessly before the glorious Lord; {the king {of the seat of the sun}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God] is alone better than everything else.

Mss: B(10v), 624(88)

Readings: [3] hár*i: ‘harri’ B, ‘harre’ 624    [5-8] abbrev. as ‘Luta einglar itru.’ B, ‘Luta en’ 624

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], G [2]. Leiðarvísan 21: AI, 622, BI, 627, Skald I, 305, NN  §2560; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 63, Rydberg 1907, 7, Attwood 1996a, 65, 176.

Notes: [1] einn ‘alone’: Finnur Jónsson construes einn stýrandi heims hallar which he glosses himlens eneste styrer ‘heaven’s sole steerer’ (Skj B). Kock’s arrangement, adopted here (see NN §2560) takes einn as a predicative adj. ‘alone’. This interpretation is anticipated by Sveinbjörn Egilsson in a marginal note to Jón Sigurðsson’s transcription of the 624 text in 444(2)ˣ. Fritzner: einn cites several examples in which einn or einna is followed by a sup. adj. The same construction, with the comp. form of the adj., is found in the first refrain (13/5-8; 17/5-8; 21/5-8), thus providing parallelism between the two helmingar of this st. — [3-4]: On the similarities between these ll. and 14/5-6, see Notes to st. 14. — [3] stýrandinn ‘the steerer’: Both Skj B and Skald emend to stýrandi, but this is unnecessary. — [5-8]: The second repeat of stef 1, noted by an obleos in the left-hand margin of B’s fol. 10v.

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