Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Sigvatr Þórðarson (Sigv)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Judith Jesch;

3. Austrfararvísur (Austv) - 21

Skj info: Sigvatr Þórðarson, Islandsk skjald, o. 995-o. 1045 (AI, 223-75, BI, 213-54).

Skj poems:
1. Víkingarvísur
2. Nesjavísur
3. Austrfararvísur
4. En drape om kong Olaf
5. Vestrfararvísur
6. Et kvad om Erlingr Skjalgsson
7. Flokkr om Erlingr Skjalgsson
8. Tryggvaflokkr
9. Et digt om dronning Astrid
10. Knútsdrápa
11. Bersǫglisvísur
12. Erfidrápa Óláfs helga
13. Lausavísur
14. Et par halvvers af ubestemmelige digte

Sigvatr or Sighvatr Þórðarson (Sigv) is said (ÍF 27, 54) to have been the son of Þórðr Sigvaldaskáld ‘Poet of Sigvaldi’, an Icelander who served, in succession, Sigvaldi jarl Strút-Haraldsson, leader of the Jómsvíkingar, his brother Þorkell inn hávi ‘the Tall’, who campaigned in England, and Óláfr Haraldsson, later king of Norway (r. c. 1015-30) and saint. Þórðr is listed as one of Sigvaldi’s skalds in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 259, 268), but none of his poetry survives. The family tradition of poetry can also be traced in Óttarr svarti ‘the Black’, said to have been Sigvatr’s sister’s son (ÍF 27, 144; ÓH 1941, I, 203). Sigvatr was brought up by a certain Þorkell, at Apavatn in south-west Iceland. When nearly fully grown he sailed to what is now Trondheim, where he met up with his father and joined King Óláfr’s retinue. According to Snorri (ÍF 27, 54-6; ÓH 1941, I, 81-3), Sigvatr recited Lv 2-3 at this time, and he interceded with the king on behalf of Icelandic merchants forced to pay a heavy tax in Norway (cf. Sigv Lv 4). It is also likely that this is when Þórðr provided Sigvatr with the material for Víkv (see Introduction to Sigv Víkv), which may be the poem referred to in the prose introduction to Sigv Lv 2 (Fidjestøl 1982, 118). There is no evidence that Sigvatr ever returned to Iceland, and according to the anecdote in which Sigv Lv 11 is preserved, he died on the island of Selja in north-western Norway and was buried at Kristskirkja (Kristkirken) in Trondheim. His poetry records his various journeys to Sweden, England and the Continent, as well as incidents in Norway. We know nothing of Sigvatr’s private life, except that he had a daughter called Tófa, who had King Óláfr himself as her godfather (Sigv Lv 19).

Sigvatr’s surviving poetic oeuvre is both large and remarkably diverse, encompassing different kinds of encomia not only on King Óláfr (Sigv Víkv, Sigv Nesv, Sigv Óldr, Sigv ErfÓl), but also on King Knútr of Denmark (Sigv Knútdr) and the Norwegian nobleman Erlingr Skjálgsson (Sigv Erl, Sigv Erlfl). Sigvatr was godfather to King Magnús inn góði ‘the Good’ Óláfsson and composed some avuncular words of advice to the boy-king (Sigv BervII). All of these patrons are recognised in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 252-4, 258, 260-2, 269), where Sigvatr is also credited with having composed for the Swedish king Ǫnundr Óláfsson (although no such poetry survives, cf. Sigv Knútdr 4/6) and the Norwegian chieftain Ívarr inn hvíti ‘the White’ (cf. Context to Sigv Lv 8). Sigvatr also composed a poem on the Norwegian pretender Tryggvi Óláfsson (Sigv Tryggfl) and is unique in having composed in dróttkvætt in praise of a woman, Óláfr Haraldsson’s widow Ástríðr Óláfsdóttir (Sigv Ást). Several of Sigvatr’s poems are more or less loosely connected sequences of stanzas rather than more formal compositions, and encompass both travelogue (Sigv Austv) and political commentary (Sigv Vestv, Sigv BervII). The latter genre is also well represented in his lausavísur, which also include some remarkably personal stanzas expressing his grief at the death of King Óláfr (Sigv Lv 22-4). Sigvatr’s status as a hǫfuðskáld ‘chief skald’ was recognised in the twelfth century (cf. Esk Geisl 12/8VII). His versatility as a poet has clearly inspired a number of anecdotes focusing on the composition of poetry, mostly of doubtful authenticity (cf. Contexts to Sigv Lv 1, 8, 11, 27; also Introduction to Ótt Hfl). Apart from two fragments preserved in SnE (Sigv Frag 1-2III), Sigvatr’s poetry is transmitted in a wide range of texts within the tradition of the kings’ sagas and is therefore edited in this volume or (in the case of the late Sigv Berv) in SkP II. For general studies of Sigvatr’s life and works, see Paasche (1917), Hollander (1940) and Petersen (1946).

Austrfararvísur (‘Verses on a Journey to the East’) — Sigv AustvI

R. D. Fulk 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Sigvatr Þórðarson, Austrfararvísur’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 578.

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Skj: Sigvatr Þórðarson: 3. Austrfararvísur, 1019 (AI, 233-40, BI, 220-5)

SkP info: I, 611

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

20 — Sigv Austv 20I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

Áleifr (noun m.)Áleif 20/2 var

báðir (pron.) [°gen. beggja (báðra), nom./acc. n. bǽði] ‘both...’beggja 20/4

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’ber 20/5 var

ek (pron.) [°mín, dat. mér, acc. mik] ‘I, me...’ — 20/5 var

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’engar 20/6

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 20/5 var

2 (verb) [°fǽr; fekk, fengu; fenginn] ‘get, receive...’fengu 20/3 var, fengum 20/3

2finna (verb) ‘find, meet...’fundum 20/3 var

gefa (verb) ‘give...’gefir 20/8 var, gefit 20/8

1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’gørva 20/4 var

gǫrva (adv.) ‘fully...’gørva 20/4 var

hefta (verb) ‘restrain, end...’heptir 20/7 var

heift (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘hatred, enmity...’heiptir 20/7

it (pron.) [°gen. ykkar, dat./acc. ykkr] ‘you (two)...’ — 20/4, ykkar 20/1

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfra 20/5 var

konungr (noun m.) [°dat. -i, -s; -ar] ‘king...’ — 20/4 var

2kveðja (verb) ‘say, greet...’kveðit 20/8 var

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 20/1, lét 20/5, lézk 20/1 var

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’leggi 20/4 var, leggið 20/4

1mál (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘speech, matter...’môlum 20/2

meðal (prep.) ‘between...’ — 20/1

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 20/1 var

okkarr (pron.) [°f. okkur; pl. okkrir] ‘our...’okkar 20/1 var

Óláfr (noun m.) ‘Óláfr...’Ôleifr 20/2

regn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘rain...’ — 20/8 var

regnvaldr (noun m.) — 20/8 var

2reka (verb) ‘drive, force...’rekit 20/2 var, reknar 20/7

2ript (noun f.) ‘breach...’riptar 20/7

rýrir (noun m.) ‘diminsher, destroyer...’ — 20/5

rǫgn (noun n.) ‘the gods (in names)...’ — 20/8

Rǫgnvaldr (noun m.) ‘Rǫgnvaldr...’Rǫgnvalds 20/8 var, 20/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þat 20/4 var, þau 20/3 var, þær 20/6

sátt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’ — 20/4 var, sátta 20/3

sem (conj.) ‘as, which...’ — 20/6

sétti (num. ordinal) ‘[sixth]...’setta 20/3 var

spakr (adj.) ‘quiet, gentle, wise...’ — 20/1, spakt 20/1 var

svar (noun n.) [°; -*] ‘answer...’svǫr 20/3, svǫr 20/4 var

sætt (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘settlement...’sætta 20/3 var, sættar 20/3 var

sǫk (noun f.) [°sakar; sakar/sakir] ‘cause, offence...’sackar 20/4 var, sakar 20/4, sakir 20/4 var, 20/7 var

2taka (verb) ‘take...’tekit 20/2

1ulfr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘wolf...’ulf 20/1 var, ulfs 20/1 var

3Ulfr (noun m.) ‘Úlfr...’ — 20/1

Ullr (noun m.) ‘Ullr...’vvllr 20/1 var

valdr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 20/8, valds 20/8 var

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’eru 20/4 var, væri 20/6

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’ — 20/3 var

ylfr (adj.) — 20/1 var

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 20/3 var

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 20/5 var

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 20/5 var

þéttr (adj.) ‘dense, watertight...’þétt 20/3

þjófr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘thief...’þjófa 20/5

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’Þér 20/5, þér 20/6 var

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 20/8

unlemmatised variants — gefan (20); heiptr (20); riptr (20); ræknar (20); Spackr (20)

 

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