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Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson (RvHbreiðm)

12th century;

III. Háttalykill (Hl) - 84

No biography, so editor and volume are not set in this entry.

Háttalykill (‘The old key to verse-forms’) — RvHbreiðm HlIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1001. <> (accessed 26 September 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9-10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67   68   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79   80   81   82 

for reference only:  10x 

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson: Háttalykill, o. 1145 (AI, 512-28, BI, 487-508); stanzas (if different): 1b | 2a | 2b | 3a | 3b | 4a | 4b | 5a | 5b | 6a | 6b | 7a | 7b | 8a | 8b | 9a | 9b | 10a | 10b | 11a | 11b | 12a | 12b | 13a | 13b | 14a | 14b | 15a | 15b | 16a | 16b | 17a | 17b | 18a | 18b | 19a | 19b | 20a | 20b | 21a | 21b | 22a | 22b | 23a | 23b | 24a | 24b | 25a | 25b | 26a | 26b | 27a | 27b | 28a | 28b | 29a | 29b | 30a | 30b | 31a | 31b | 32a | 32b | 33a | 33b | 34a | 34b | 35a | 35b | 36a | 36b | 37a | 37b | 38a | 38b | 39a | 39b | 40a | 40b | 41a | 41b

SkP info: III, 1024

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

17 — RvHbreiðm Hl 17III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 17’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1024.

Bjǫrn ǫrn bræddi; fjǫrnis
beit reit firum hneitir;
bauðsk — rauðsk brynju váði
bjǫrg mǫrg frekum vargi.
Ypt lypt átti at skipta
egg legg í tvau seggja;
hrátt brátt hafði at slíta
hrafn tafn af því jafnan.

Bjǫrn bræddi ǫrn; hneitir beit {reit fjǫrnis} firum; mǫrg bjǫrg bauðsk frekum vargi; {váði brynju} rauðsk. Ypt, lypt egg átti at skipta legg seggja í tvau; hrafn hafði jafnan hrátt tafn at slíta brátt af því.

Bjǫrn fed the eagle; the sword bit men’s {land of the helmet} [HEAD]; much nourishment was offered to the greedy wolf; {the danger of the byrnie} [SWORD] was reddened. The drawn, uplifted edge divided men’s legs in two; the raven always had raw food to tear quickly because of that.

Mss: papp25ˣ(41r), R683ˣ(126v-127r)

Readings: [1] fjǫrnis: fjǫrni papp25ˣ, R683ˣ    [2] firum: ‘firo’ papp25ˣ, R683ˣ    [3] bauðsk: baugs papp25ˣ, braut by later correction in the hand of Rugman R683ˣ;    rauðsk: rautt papp25ˣ, þaut by later correction in the hand of Rugman R683ˣ;    váði: ‘…’ papp25ˣ, ‘nautur’ or ‘nauti’ by later correction in the hand of Rugman R683ˣ    [4] bjǫrg mǫrg: bjarg marg by later correction in the hand of Rugman R683ˣ    [5] Ypt: opt papp25ˣ, R683ˣ;    lypt: ‘lijst’ papp25ˣ, ‘list’ R683ˣ    [7] slíta: slátra by later correction in the hand of Rugman R683ˣ

Editions: Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 9a: AI, 515, BI, 491, Skald I, 241, NN §1159; Hl 1941, 33, 53-4.

Context: The metre is called inn dýri háttr (‘hinn Dijri hattʀ’) ‘the ornate form’ (cf. SnSt Ht 37). It is a variant of dróttkvætt, not attested outside the two claves metricae, in which all lines have three internal rhymes in positions 1, 2 and 5. The even lines have three aðalhendingar, and the odd lines two aðalhendingar in positions 1 and 3, which can form either aðalhending or skothending with the syllable in position 5 (see Hl 1941, 129). In Ht 37, all internal rhymes are aðalhendingar.

Notes: [All]: Rugman’s later corrections in R683ˣ represent attempts to create aðalhendingar and must be disregarded. — [All]: The hero commemorated is Bjǫrn járnsíða ‘Ironside’, another of Ragnarr loðbrók’s sons (see sts 11-16). — [1] bræddi ‘fed’: See also Anon Krm 9/3VIII. — [1, 2] fjǫrnis; firum ‘of the helmet; men’s’: These emendations were first suggested by Sveinbjörn Egilsson (SnE 1848, 240), and they have been adopted by all subsequent eds. Firum ‘men’s’ is a poss. dat. — [2] hneitir ‘the sword’: Lit. ‘cutter’. A heiti for ‘sword’ (Þul Sverða 2/7) and the name of Óláfr Haraldsson’s sword (see ESk Geisl 43/1VII and Note to [All]). — [3-4]: (a) In the present edn, which follows Hl 1941, váði ‘danger’ (l. 3) is taken as the base-word in a kenning for ‘sword’ (váði brynju ‘danger of the byrnie’), which functions as the subject in a passive construction with rauðsk ‘was reddened’ (l. 3). Bauðsk ‘was offered’ is taken as the verb in a passive construction with mǫrg bjǫrg (f. nom. sg.) ‘much nourishment’ as the subject. (b) The texts in Skj B and Skald are based on Rugman’s later corrections in R683ˣ and they provide the following reading: brátt, þrátt, brynju neytir | barg margfrekum vargi. Skj B places the adv. þrátt ‘often, persistently’ (l. 3) in the first clause of the helmingr (bræddi þrátt ‘fed often’) and the second adv. brátt ‘quickly’ (l. 3) in the second clause (beit brátt ‘bit quickly’. Kock (NN §1159) objected to that tortuous syntax and construed brátt, þrátt, brynju neytir barg margfrekum vargi, translated as snabbt, beständigt brynjebärarn räddade den glupske varj ‘quickly, stubbornly, the byrnie’s wearer (i.e. warrior) saved the greedy wolf’. — [3] váði ‘the danger’: This reconstruction, which follows Hl 1941, is conjectural, which is also the case with bauðsk ‘was offered’ and rauðsk ‘was reddened’, but with more support from the ms. witnesses. The original reading of this line in papp25ˣ and R683ˣ, baugs rautt brynju ... ‘of the ring you reddened the byrnie’ (?), provides no internal rhyme and cannot be construed to make any sense in the context. — [5] ypt, lypt ‘the drawn, uplifted’: With most earlier eds, opt ‘often’ has been emended to ypt ‘drawn’ and ‘lijst’ (papp25ˣ) or ‘list’ (R683ˣ) has been emended to lypt ‘uplifted’ to restore the aðalhending. — [6] legg ‘legs’: Lit. ‘leg’ (sg.).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated