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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson (RvHbreiðm)

12th century;

III. Háttalykill (Hl) - 84

Skj info: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson (AI, 512-528, BI, 487-508).

Skj poems:
Háttalykill

notes
No biography, so editor and volume are not set in this entry.

Háttalykill (‘The old key to verse-forms’) — RvHbreiðm HlIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1001.

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for reference only:  10x 

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson: Háttalykill, o. 1145 (AI, 512-28, BI, 487-508); stanzas (if different): 1b | 2a | 2b | 3a | 3b | 4a | 4b | 5a | 5b | 6a | 6b | 7a | 7b | 8a | 8b | 9a | 9b | 10a | 10b | 11a | 11b | 12a | 12b | 13a | 13b | 14a | 14b | 15a | 15b | 16a | 16b | 17a | 17b | 18a | 18b | 19a | 19b | 20a | 20b | 21a | 21b | 22a | 22b | 23a | 23b | 24a | 24b | 25a | 25b | 26a | 26b | 27a | 27b | 28a | 28b | 29a | 29b | 30a | 30b | 31a | 31b | 32a | 32b | 33a | 33b | 34a | 34b | 35a | 35b | 36a | 36b | 37a | 37b | 38a | 38b | 39a | 39b | 40a | 40b | 41a | 41b

SkP info: III, 1017

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

9-10 — RvHbreiðm Hl 9-10III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 9-10’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1017.

Heldr vas Helgi mildr
hjǫrva ok gegn;
háði hjalms við þjóð
†hin†
gerðisk geira harðr
gnýr, en †ordo†
flaug
bǫðvar tungl á stǫð;

hvít klofnaði rít;
blóði
fekk gagn;
veitti vísi nýtr

fúsliga fljótt
Fenris átti ben

egg sundraði legg
Gauts, en gerði
malms sakaðr hjalmr.

 

Helgi was very generous with the swords’ and honourable; he waged the helmet’s against people; {a hard crash of spears} [BATTLE] came about and flew {the moon of battle} [SHIELD] toward the landing place the white shield was cloven with blood got victory; the bountiful ruler gave eagerly quickly; Fenrir’s got wound the edge shattered the leg; of Gautr, and the damaged helmet made metal’s

context: The variant is not named, but the metre is that of SnSt Ht 51 (inn mesti stúfr ‘the greatest apocopated’), which is not otherwise attested outside the two claves metricae. Each line contains five syllables (catalectic dróttkvætt).

notes: The metre is not named (titulus deest ‘the heading is missing’), and the two stanzas cannot be reconstructed. Together they are made up of twenty lines, but it is unclear whether we are dealing with two ten-line stanzas or one eight-line plus a twelve-line stanza (so the reconstruction in Hl 1941, although Jón Helgason leaves open the possibility of two ten-line stanzas; the comparable stanza in SnSt Ht (st. 51) has 8 lines). Finnur Jónsson and Kock did not use papp25ˣ and Skj B and Skald are based only on R683ˣ. Both eds contain faulty line-divisions and give two eight-line stanzas in which the lines can contain 5-7 syllables. Because the text in the two mss is so fragmentary, the present edn makes no attempt to speculate about possible reconstructions. Earlier attempts at reconstruction are entirely conjectural and have little or no support in the ms. witnesses. — The hero eulogised is probably Helgi Hundingsbani ‘Slayer of Hundingr’ (see HHund I-II). According to Old Norse sources he was the son of Sigmundr and the half-brother of Sigurðr (see sts 3-4). In Danish tradition he was confused with Helgi Hálfdanarson, father of Hrólfr kraki ‘Pole-ladder’ (see sts 37-8). — [16]: The line could also be construed as Fenris átt í ben ‘Fenrir’s family [WOLVES] into the wound’.

editions: Skj Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson: Háttalykill 5a (AI, 514; BI, 489); Skald I, 240, NN §3114; Hl 1941, 34, 44-6.

sources

Holm papp 25 8°x (papp25x) 42r - 42v (Hl)  image  
UppsUB R 683x (R683x) 125v - 126r (Hl)  image  
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