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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson (RvHbreiðm)

12th century;

III. Háttalykill (Hl) - 84

notes
No biography, so editor and volume are not set in this entry.

Háttalykill (‘The old key to verse-forms’) — RvHbreiðm HlIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1001. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1347> (accessed 26 September 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9-10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67   68   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79   80   81   82 

for reference only:  10x 

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson: Háttalykill, o. 1145 (AI, 512-28, BI, 487-508); stanzas (if different): 1b | 2a | 2b | 3a | 3b | 4a | 4b | 5a | 5b | 6a | 6b | 7a | 7b | 8a | 8b | 9a | 9b | 10a | 10b | 11a | 11b | 12a | 12b | 13a | 13b | 14a | 14b | 15a | 15b | 16a | 16b | 17a | 17b | 18a | 18b | 19a | 19b | 20a | 20b | 21a | 21b | 22a | 22b | 23a | 23b | 24a | 24b | 25a | 25b | 26a | 26b | 27a | 27b | 28a | 28b | 29a | 29b | 30a | 30b | 31a | 31b | 32a | 32b | 33a | 33b | 34a | 34b | 35a | 35b | 36a | 36b | 37a | 37b | 38a | 38b | 39a | 39b | 40a | 40b | 41a | 41b

SkP info: III, 1066

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

57 — RvHbreiðm Hl 57III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 57’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1066.

Styrbjǫrn réð til styrjar
styrfimr meginsnimma;
hildingr gekk at hjaldri
hildarfúss und skildi.
Eggþinga skar eggjum
eggjandi fjǫr seggja;
vargfœðir rauð vargi
varghollr granar mǫrgum.

Styrfimr Styrbjǫrn réð meginsnimma til styrjar; hildingr gekk hildarfúss und skildi at hjaldri. {Eggjandi {eggþinga}} skar fjǫr seggja eggjum; {varghollr vargfœðir} rauð granar mǫrgum vargi.

Battle-swift Styrbjǫrn engaged in battle extremely early; the warrior went war-eager beneath the shield to war. {The egger-on {of edge-assemblies}} [BATTLES > WARRIOR] severed men’s lives with edges; {the wolf-devoted wolf-feeder} [WARRIOR] reddened the whiskers of many a wolf.

Mss: papp25ˣ(37r), R683ˣ(131r)

Readings: [4] ‑fúss: fús papp25ˣ, R683ˣ;    und: so R683ˣ, unz papp25ˣ    [7] vargi: víða papp25ˣ, R683ˣ

Editions: Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 29a: AI, 522, BI, 501, Skald I, 246; Hl 1941, 28, 81.

Context: The heading is iðurmælt (‘idur mælt’) ‘repeatedly spoken’ (cf. SnSt Ht 47). It is a dróttkvætt variant in which the internal rhymes from the odd lines are repeated in the even lines.

Notes: [All]: Holtsmark (Hl 1941, 131) suggests that the name of this variant could be modelled on Lat. repetitio. — [All]: Styrbjǫrn is Styrbjǫrn inn sterki ‘the Strong’ Óláfsson, the nephew of Eiríkr inn sigrsæli (see sts 51-2 above). He fell at the battle of Fýrisvellir against his uncle (see ÍF 26, 130, 215; ÍF 35, 94-5; Flat 1860-8, II, 70-3; Saxo 2005, I, 10, 2-3, pp. 626-9; Anon (Styrb) 1-3I; ÞHjalt Lv 1-2I). Originally named Bjǫrn, he gained the nickname Styr- ‘battle, uproar’, while the name Bjǫrn etymologically means ‘bear’ (cf. the rhyme-word styr- ‘battle-’ in ll. 1-2). — [3] hildingr ‘the warrior’: Hildingr is a heiti for ‘ruler’ (see SnE 1998, I, 103 and Þul Konunga 2/1), but it is derived from hildr ‘battle, war’ and must originally have meant ‘warrior’ (see SnE 1998, II, 309). The present translation preserves the play on words in this stanza. — [3] hjaldri ‘war’: Skj B and Skald emend to hildi ‘battle’ to retain the aðalhending. — [4] -fúss (m. nom. sg.) ‘-eager’: The m. nom. sg. form of the adj. is required here (see Note to st. 56/6). — [7] vargi (m. dat. sg.) ‘wolf’: In keeping with most earlier eds, víða (adv.) ‘far and wide’ has been emended to vargi ‘wolf’ to retain the internal rhyme and to provide a noun for the adjectival qualifier mǫrgum (m. dat. sg. or pl.) ‘many’ (l. 8). Vǫrgum (m. dat. pl.) ‘wolves’ is also a possible reading (so SnE 1848, 245).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated