This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson (RvHbreiðm)

12th century;

III. Háttalykill (Hl) - 84

notes
No biography, so editor and volume are not set in this entry.

Háttalykill (‘The old key to verse-forms’) — RvHbreiðm HlIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1001. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=1347> (accessed 21 September 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9-10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   66   67   68   69   70   71   72   73   74   75   76   77   78   79   80   81   82 

for reference only:  10x 

Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson: Háttalykill, o. 1145 (AI, 512-28, BI, 487-508); stanzas (if different): 1b | 2a | 2b | 3a | 3b | 4a | 4b | 5a | 5b | 6a | 6b | 7a | 7b | 8a | 8b | 9a | 9b | 10a | 10b | 11a | 11b | 12a | 12b | 13a | 13b | 14a | 14b | 15a | 15b | 16a | 16b | 17a | 17b | 18a | 18b | 19a | 19b | 20a | 20b | 21a | 21b | 22a | 22b | 23a | 23b | 24a | 24b | 25a | 25b | 26a | 26b | 27a | 27b | 28a | 28b | 29a | 29b | 30a | 30b | 31a | 31b | 32a | 32b | 33a | 33b | 34a | 34b | 35a | 35b | 36a | 36b | 37a | 37b | 38a | 38b | 39a | 39b | 40a | 40b | 41a | 41b

SkP info: III, 1047

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

39 — RvHbreiðm Hl 39III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl and Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 39’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 1047.

Harald frák gunni gerva;
Geri varð, þars lið barðisk,
— môr kom sigrs til sára
svangr — fullr, þars spjǫr gullu,
þvít, grástóði gríða
gnast hlífð, en brá fǫstu,
(hjaldrgǫgl nutu hildar)
hvít* (svǫrt) í dyn rítar.

Frák Harald gerva gunni; Geri varð fullr, þars lið barðisk; {svangr môr sigrs} kom til sára, þars spjǫr gullu, þvít hvít* hlífð gnast, en brá fǫstu {grástóði gríða} í {dyn rítar}; {svǫrt hjaldrgǫgl} nutu hildar.

I heard that Haraldr waged war; Geri <wolf> became sated where the troop fought; {the hungry seagull of battle} [RAVEN/EAGLE] came to wounds where spears resounded, because the white shield cracked, and the fast ended {for the grey stud-horses of troll-women} [WOLVES] in {the din of the shield} [BATTLE]; {black battle-goslings} [RAVENS] benefited from the fight.

Mss: papp25ˣ(34v), R683ˣ(129r)

Readings: [8] hvít*: hvítt papp25ˣ, R683ˣ

Editions: Skj: Rǫgnvaldr jarl og Hallr Þórarinsson, Háttalykill 20a: AI, 519, BI, 496, Skald I, 244, NN §§1160, 3197C; Hl 1941, 25, 68-9.

Context: The heading is refrún in minni (‘Redrun hin minnj’) ‘the lesser fox-secret’ and the metre corresponds to that of SnSt Ht 22 (in minnstu refhvǫrf ‘the least fox-turns’). It is a variant of dróttkvætt which is characterised by antithesis, that is, by the juxtaposition at the beginning of ll. 4 and 8 of two words, usually of the same grammatical form, with opposite meanings (cf. Ht 17-23 and sts 55-6, 69-70 below).

Notes: [All]: In this stanza, the antithesis consists of the words svangr ‘hungry’ : fullr ‘full’ (l. 4) and hvít ‘white’ : svǫrt ‘black’ (l. 8). Aside from the stanzas in Hl and Ht which exemplify such antitheses (Hl 39-40, 55-6, 69-70; Ht 17-23), this particular verse-form is not otherwise attested in Old Norse poetry. Holtsmark (Hl 1941, 124-5) argues that it may have been modelled on Latin school exercises (antithetum, contrapositio; for examples, see Holtsmark loc. cit.). See also de Vries (1938, 717-18, 733). For a discussion of the term refrún, see Note to st. 55 [All]. — [All]: Haraldr must be the Danish legendary king Haraldr hilditǫnn ‘War-tooth’ Hrœreksson (Saxo: Hálfdanarson), the nephew of Helgi Hálfdanarson (sts 37-8) and the uncle of Hringr Randvésson (sts 41-2). He was killed at the epic battle of Brávellir, which he fought against his nephew Hringr (see ÍF 35, 49-70 and Saxo 2005, I, 7, 10, 1-11, 1, pp. 492-9, 7, 11, 13-12, 2, pp. 506-9, 8, 1, 1-5, 1, pp. 510-23). — [2] Geri ‘Geri <wolf>’: See Note to st. 31/7. — [3] sigrs (m. gen. sg.) ‘of battle’: Lit. ‘of victory’. Skj B and Skald emend sigrs to sigs (n. gen. sg.) ‘of battle’. Sigr (m.) usually means ‘victory’, but it is also attested frequently (in compounds) in the meaning ‘battle’ (see Hl 1941 and examples in LP: sigr-). — [5] þvít ‘because’: Skj B and Skald emend to þegn ‘warrior’ as the subject of brá ‘ended’ in l. 6. However, a noun cannot occur in anacrusis before the first alliterative stave in Type C-lines. — [5] gríða (f. gen. pl.) ‘of troll-women’: With Sveinbjörn Egilsson (SnE 1848, 242), Skj B and Skald read gríðar (f. gen. sg.) ‘of the troll-woman’, but the emendation is unnecessary (see Hl 1941). Gríðr is the name of a giantess and a heiti for ‘troll-woman’ (Þul Trollkvenna 1/3) and it could be used in the pl. as well as in the sg. — [6] hlífð (f. nom. sg.) ‘shield’: The form is peculiar, and Holtsmark (Hl 1941, 135) suggests that hlífð (rather than the expected hlíf) might be a Norwegian variant. The word also occurs in sts 42/6, 69/2, 74/2 and 76/5. — [6] en ‘and’: Kock (NN §1160) takes this as the adv. enn ‘again,’ but an adv. cannot occupy that position preceding a verb in Type D4-lines. Holtsmark (Hl 1941) regards en as a weakened form of hann ‘he’ as the subject of brá ‘ended’ (inf. bregða). However, bregða often occurs in impersonal constructions, and no subject is needed in this clause. — [6] brá fǫstu ‘the fast ended’: Bregða ‘end’ (brá 3rd pers. sg. pret. indic.) is used impersonally with fǫstu ‘fast’ as the dat. object. This construction usually requires a gen. (‘of someone’) and Jón Helgason (Hl 1941) tentatively suggests an emendation of grástóði (n. dat. sg.) ‘for the grey stud-horses’ to grástóða (n. gen. pl.) ‘of grey stud-horses’. In the present edn grástóði is taken as an ethical dat. (collective, sg.). — [8] hvít* (f. nom. sg.) ‘white’: The emendation from hvítt (n. nom. sg.) is necessary because the adj. qualifies hlífð (f. nom. sg.) ‘shield’ (l. 6). It could also be that this is an instance where <tt> stands for <t> (see Note to st. 38/5 and Hl 1941, 106), but in this case, in word-final position, that cannot be ascertained.

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated