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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘ Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70. <> (accessed 7 July 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 666

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

9 — Ólhv Hryn 9II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Norðan rendi nǽst þa ær spurdiz nafnkunnr iofuʀ skiðum stafna barur leku br | aundum hǽri brodda hrið fyrir noʀegs siðu þrutin lagu ueðr a uatni uindda ript ne | gramr bað suípta snaʀ yngvi kuað sigr býr fenginn sinni ferð at hialldri stinnum. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 55 A Norðan rende [...] | [...]t þa ær spurðiz nafnkunnr iofra skipum. [...] | [...] leku brǫndum hǽri brodda hrið fyrir noʀeg[...] | [...]agu veðr a vatni vinda ript ne gram b[...] | [...] aʀyngvi kuað suipta sigrbýrr fenginn si[...] | [...] alldri stinnum.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Norðan rendi næst þa er spvr | þíz nafn kvɴr iofvʀ skiðom stafna barór leko brondom | hærí brodda hriþ fyrir noregs síðó · þrvtín lágo veðr a vattní || vínda rípt ne gramr bað svífta snáʀ yngvi kvað sigrbyr | fengíɴ síɴí ferþ at híalldri stíɴum·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Norðan rendi næst þa er spurðiz | nafnkunnr jofuʀ skiþum sanna stafna | barur leku brondum hæʀi | brodda hriþ fyrir Noregs siþu | þrutinn lagu veðr a vatni | vinda hript ne gramr bað svipta | snaʀi yngvi kvat sigr byʀ fenginn | sinne ferð at hialldri stinnum |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Nordan rende næst | þa er spurdiz nafnkunr jofur skidum stafna · barur | leku brondum hærra . brodda hrid fyrir noregs sidu | þrutinn lagu vedr ꜳ vatní vínda drípt ne | gramr bad suífta snar yngui kuad sígur byrr fen | gínn sinne ferd at halldri stinnum .   [VEÞ]  edit 
 8 Norðan rendi næst þa er spurðíz . nafnkunnr jo᷎furr stafna . bárur léku braundum hǽrí . brod | da rið fyrir noregs siðu . laghu þrutín ueðr a uatni vínda rípt ne gramr bað suípta . snaʀr | yngvi kuað sigrbyr feíngínn sínní ferð at hialldri stínnum.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Nordan rendi næst þa er spurdiz nafn kunnr Jofur skeidar stafní bꜳrur leku | braundum hæri borda ríd fyrir noregs sidu þrutín lꜳgu vedr ꜳ vatní vínda script | ne gramr bad suípta snaʀr ynguí kuat sigr byr slungínn sínní ferd at hialldri stínnum. |   [VEÞ]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated