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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘ Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70. <> (accessed 29 June 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 661-2

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

4 — Ólhv Hryn 4II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Snæfrir drogu enn medal iofra alldir koðu uallḍa hall | daz auðlings hæitt uið allualld mætan ar skaptan grun uinir huarskis minnigr bío | siklingr sunnan sunda uiɢ en Jarl stauk undan ytar rygduz iofri nytum austr vm fiall ⸝⸝med drengi snialla. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Snæfrir drogv eɴ meðal iofra | alldir kvaðo varla halldaz ꜹþlíngs heít v alldvalld | mætan ar skapðan grvn vínir hvarskís · mínnígr bioɢi sik | língr | suɴan . sunda viɢ eɴ iarl stꜹck vndan |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Snæfrir drogu einn meðal jofra | alldir qvoðu varla halldaz | Ꜹðlings heit við Allvalld mætan | a̋r skaptan grun vinir hvorkis | minnugr biǫɢi siklings sunnann | sunda viɢ enn Iarl stock undan | ytar brugðuz jofri mætu | ꜹstr um fiall með drengi snialla |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Snæfrir drogu en med | al jofra . alldír kuodu varla halldaz . odlíngs | heit vid allvalld mætan arskaptan grun | vínir huark⸌i⸍s . ᴍínigur bio siklíng sunnan sunda v | íg en J stock vndan . vrar brugduz jofri ny | tum austr vm fiall med dreingi sníalla   [VEÞ]  edit 
 325VIII 5 b Snæfrir drogu enn meþal io᷎fra alldir koþuz vallda halldazc ꜹðlings hǽst v allvalld mǽtan ar | skaptann grvn vinir hvarskís minningr biuggi siklingr sunann sunda vigg en · Jarl stꜹk vndan ýtar | brygduz iofri nytum aústr um fiall m drengi snialla·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Snæfrir drogu enn medal iofra alldir qvaduz varla hall | daz audlíngs hest vid allualld mætan ꜳʀ skaptan grun vinir huarskis . minnígr byg | dí siklíngr sunnan sunda viɢg enn Jarl stauck vndan ytar brugduz iofri mætum austr vm ⸝⸝ fiall med dreíngi snialla. |   [VEÞ]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated