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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 660-1

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Ólhv Hryn 3II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Þing stofnuðo iofra runnaʀ iarl ueitti svꜹ́r rǽsi snaʀla hersa baru ah | ilmi dyran hialldrs fystu þeir sakar kalldar allt lagði þa fraumuðr frægða fek sætt | af þi stillir rekca sialldar skyrs ok selldi vara sitt mál i kne litaðs stala.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Þíng stofnvðo jofrar | vngir iarl veítti svꜹr f̣ṛꜹ̣ṃọ ræsi snarla · hersár baro | a hilmí dyran hialldrs fystv þeir sakar kalldar · allt | lagði þa frꜹmvðr frægða feck sætt af stillir recka | snilldar styrs ok selldi vára sítt mal i kne lidtvðr stála· |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Þingstofnuðu jofur runnar | Iarl veitti svor ræsis varla | hersar baru a hilmi sniallann | hialldrs fystu þer sakir kalldar | allt lagði þa frꜹmuðr frægða | feck svor a þvi stillir recka | snilldar skyrs oc selldi vora | sitt mal i kne litaðs stala |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Þing stofnudu Jofra runnar . Jarl veítte suar | ræse snarla . hersar baru ꜳ hilmi dyran . hialldrs fystu | þeir sakar kalldar . allt lagdí þa fromur frægda . feck af | þui recka sellde af þui sendir sitt mal litads stala.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 325VIII 5 b Þing stofnuðo ióf⸌r⸍ar ungir iarl veitti svꜹr rǽsi snialla hersir baru a hilmi dyran hialldes fysty | þeir sakar kalldar allt lagði þa fromuðr frægða fek sætt af þi stillir rekca snilþar skyrs ok selldi | varar sitt mal   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Þing stofnudu iofrar vngir iarl | veíttí suor ræsi snarla hersír bꜳ þu hilmi dyrann hialldrs fystu þeir sakir kalldar | allt lagdi þa fraumudr frægda feck sætt af þvi stillír recka snilldar skyʀr ok sell | di vaʀrar sitt mꜳl (konungi) lítudur stꜳla.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated