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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 668-9

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

11 — Ólhv Hryn 11II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

 E Snꜹrp | bitu iarn sem ismaul v⸌r⸍pi oða straumr m heítu bloði herstefnir rauð hamri of | na hilldar serki framaʀ merkium grimmum stoð a gaundlar hifni grar regnbogi || hnikars þegna harða lystú fylking fyrða fár elldingar megin sara.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 F Snorp bitv iárn | sem ismꜹl yrpi oþa strꜹ́ms m heítv bloði · herstefnir rꜹð | hamri ofna hilldar serki framaʀ merkiom · grímmom stoð a gꜹndlar | hímní grátt regn boði hníkars þegna harðar lustu fylking | fár elldíngar megín sára·   [VEÞ]  edit 
 42x Snꜹrp bitu jarn sem ismaul yrpi | oþa strꜹmr með heitu bloþi | herstefnir rꜹð hamri ofna | hilldar serki framar merkium | grimmum stoð a gꜹndlar himni | grar regnbogi hnikars þegna | harþar lystu fylking fyrða | farʀ elldingar meginn sara |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 81a Snorp bítu jarn sem yrpí || oda straumur med heítu blodi her stefnir raud | hamri ofna hilldar serke framar merkium | grimum stod . ꜳ gaundlar hímní grar regn b | ogi hníkars þegna . Hardar lustu fylkíng fy | rda far elldíngar megín sara.   [VEÞ]  edit 
 8 Sno᷎rp bitv iarn sem ismo᷎l yrpi . oða straumr | m heítv bloði . herstefnir rauð hamrí ofna . hilldar serki framarri merkíum grimmum stoð a gaundlar | hímní grar reghnboghi hníkars þeghna . harðar lustu fylkíng fyrða . fꜳr elldíngar megín sꜳ̋ra. |   [VEÞ]  edit 
 Flat Snaurp bitu íarn sem ísmaul yrppí . | oda straumr med heitu blodí herstefnir raud hamri ofna hilldar serki framaʀi merkíum . | grimmum stod ꜳ gaundlar hímní grar regn bogi hnikars þegna hardar leystu fylkíng | fyrda fꜳr elldingar megín sꜳra.   [VEÞ]  edit 

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