Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

2. Hrynhenda (Hryn) - 12

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Hrynhenda (‘Falling, flowing metre’) — Ólhv HrynII

Lauren Goetting 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Hrynhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 658-70.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 2. Et hrynhent digt, 1240 (AII, 93-7, BII, 105-8)

SkP info: II, 667

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

10 — Ólhv Hryn 10II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

2-gyltr (adj.) ‘[gilded]...’gyltar 10/8

3at (prep.) ‘at, to...’ — 10/6

2bleikr (adj.) ‘pale...’bleikir 10/6

blóðigr (adj.) [°blóðgan/blóðugan (f. dat. sg. bloðre Gulᴵ 82³⁴)] ‘bloody...’blóðgar 10/5

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’Brǫndum 10/5

2falda (verb) ‘cover, clothe...’faldit 10/4

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fellu 10/6

geisla (verb) ‘[coloured, dazzled]...’geislat 10/1

1gramr (noun m.) ‘ruler...’ — 10/7

gæfa (noun f.) ‘luck, fortune...’gæfu 10/7

hallgeislaðr (adj.)Hallgeislat 10/1

3hallr (adj.) ‘tilting, awry...’Hall 10/1

1hildr (noun f.) ‘battle...’hildar 10/2

1hjaldr (noun m.) ‘battle...’hjaldri 10/4

hjalt (noun n.) [°; *-] ‘hilt...’hjalta 10/8

hlífarlauss (adj.) ‘[without a shield]...’ — 10/7

hvatr (adj.) [°-ari, -an; -astr] ‘keen, brave...’hvatt 10/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 10/1

járn (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘iron, weapon...’ — 10/4

járnfaldinn (adj./verb p.p.) ‘[iron-hooded]...’járnfaldit 10/4

jǫfurr (noun m.) ‘ruler, prince...’jǫfrar 10/3

lið (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘retinue, troop...’ — 10/4

maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’menn 10/6

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 10/2, 10/7

mildr (adj.) [°compar. -ri/-ari, superl. -astr] ‘mild, gentle, gracious, generous...’mildum 10/2

Ósló (noun f.) ‘[Oslo]...’ — 10/1

rjóða (verb) ‘to redden...’rauð 10/1

ræsa (verb) ‘incite, rush...’ræstir 10/3

rǫnd (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; rendr/randir] ‘shield, shield-rim...’randir 10/5

saman (adv.) ‘together...’ — 10/4

skati (noun m.) [°-a; -nar] ‘chieftan, prince...’skata 10/2

skýfa (verb) ‘cut, slash...’skýfðusk 10/5

syngja (verb) ‘sing...’sungu 10/8

tunga (noun f.) [°-u; -ur] ‘tongue, language...’tungur 10/8

tungl (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘heavenly body...’ — 10/2

1vega (verb) ‘strike, slay...’ 10/7

vǫllr (noun m.) [°vallar, dat. velli; vellir acc. vǫllu/velli] ‘plain, field...’velli 10/6

þrøngva (verb) ‘press, throng...’þrungu 10/3

œðri (adj. comp.) ‘nobler, higher...’œstum 10/3

 

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated