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Runic Dictionary

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

IV. Stanzas in praise of Árón Hjǫrleifsson (Árdr) - 2

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Stanzas in praise of Árón Hjǫrleifsson — Ólhv ÁrdrIV

Not published: do not cite (Ólhv ÁrdrIV)

stanzas:  1   2 

Skj: Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 3. Árónsdrápa, 1256? (AII, 97, BII, 108-9)

This edition is currently in preparation and will be published in a forthcoming volume of the series. The text below is from a superseded edition (Skj where relevant). Do not refer to this site when using the text below.

2 — Ólhv Árdr 2IV

Cite as: Not published: do not cite (Ólhv Árdr 2IV)

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Fór, sás fremð ok tíri,
fleinrýrir, gat stýra,
mest lofak mikla hreysti
manns, Jórsali at kanna;
nafn rak út við ítra
Jórðôn við þrek stóran
skjaldar Freyr enn skýri
skógarmanns at gnógu.

texts: Ar 16, GBpA 30, GBpC 8, Ísls 25, Stu 56

editions: Skj Óláfr Þórðarson hvítaskáld: 3. Árónsdrápa 2 (A; BII, 108-10);

sources

AM 114 folx (114x) 96v, 8 - 96v, 12 (Stu)  transcr.  
AM 122 a fol (I) 55va, 19 - 55va, 23 (Stu)  transcr.  image  
AM 204 folx (204x) 62va, 25 - 62va, 30 (GBpA)  transcr.  
AM 426 folx (426x) 202v, 24 - 202v, 27 (Ar)  transcr.  image  
AM 394 4° (394) 34r, 41 - 34r, 43 (GBpA)  transcr.  image  
AM 399 4° (399) 68r, 20 - 68r, 23 (GBpA)  transcr.  
AM 551 d β 4° (551d β) 4r, 5 - 4r, 7 (Ar)  transcr.  image  image  
Holm papp 4 4°x (papp4x) 61r, 17 - 61r, 20 (GBpC)  transcr.  
Holm papp 8 4°x (papp8x) 362, 17 - 362, 20 (Stu)  transcr.  image  
ÍB 45 4°x (ÍB45x) 158v, 12 - 158v, 15 (Ar)  transcr.  image  
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