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Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson (Mberf)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Lausavísur (Lv) - 6

See ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this volume.

Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 5. Biographies > 1. Royal Biographies > 1. Kings of Norway > i. Magnús III berfœttr Óláfsson (Mberf) (r. 1093-1103)

Saga: Mberf (Ágr, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, Mork, Theodoricus).

Magnús berfœttr ‘Barelegs’ Óláfsson, the son of Óláfr kyrri, was king of Norway from 1093-1103 (for a discussion of his nickname, see Note to Anon Nkt 43/1). He died in battle in Ulster, Ireland, on 24 August 1103. See Theodoricus (MHN 59-63; McDougall and McDougall 1998, 49-51), Ágr (ÍF 29, 42-7; Ágr 1995, 60-71), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 297-337; Andersson and Gade 2000, 285-313), Fsk (ÍF 29, 301-15; Finlay 2004, 241-52), Hkr (ÍF 28, 210-37; Hollander 1991, 668-87), H-Hr (Fms 7, 1-73).  See also Orkn (ÍF 34, 92-102, 312-15, 343-4, 346-8; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 82-9). For the genealogies of Magnús and his sons, see Genealogies II.2.f and II.3 in ÍF 28.

Events documented in poetry: The joint rule of Magnús and his cousin, Hákon Magnússon, 1093-4 (Anon (Mberf) 1); the uprising against Magnús in 1094, spearheaded by the district chieftain Steigar-Þórir Þórðarson, and the subsequent hanging of the rebels (SteigÞ Kv; Bkrepp Magndr 2-3; Þham Magndr 1 and Lv; Gísl Magnkv 1-8; Anon (Mberf) 2-3); Magnús’s harrying in Halland, in present-day Sweden (c. 1093-5; Bkrepp Magndr 1); his first expedition to the west in 1098, the capture of King Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson of the Hebrides and the killing of Earl Hugh of Shrewsbury in the Menai Strait (Mberf Lv 1; Kali Lv; Bkrepp Magndr 5-11; Þham Magndr 2-3; Gísl Magnkv 9-16); Magnús’s campaigns in Sweden against King Ingi Steinkelsson and the battle of Fuxerna (c. 1100-2; Mberf Lv 2; Eldj Lv 1-2; Þham Magndr 4; Gísl Magnkv 17-20; Anon (Mberf) 4-5); Magnús’s second expedition to the west and his death in Ulster in 1103 (Þham Magndr 5). Two anonymous lausavísur describe Magnús’s sailing (Anon (Mberf) 6-7) and his life is chronicled in Anon Nkt 42-4, 66-7. In addition to the two lausavísur mentioned above (Mberf Lv 1-2), another four stanzas are attributed to Magnús (Mberf Lv 3-6), describing his love for two women (Matilda and an unknown Irish woman).

Lausavísur — Mberf LvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 385-90.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6 

Skj: Magnús berfœttr: Lausavísur (AI, 432-3, BI, 402-3)

SkP info: II, 387

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Mberf Lv 3II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Magnús berfœttr Óláfsson, Lausavísur 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 387.

Sús ein, es mér meinar,
Maktildr, ok vekr hildi
— már drekkr suðr ór sôrum
sveita — leik ok teiti.
Sá kennir mér svanni,
sín lǫnd es verr rǫndu,
— sverð bitu Hǫgna hurðir —
hvítjarpr sofa lítit.

Sús ein, Maktildr, es meinar mér leik ok teiti ok vekr hildi; suðr drekkr {már sveita} ór sôrum. Sá hvítjarpr svanni, es verr lǫnd sín rǫndu, kennir mér sofa lítit; sverð bitu {hurðir Hǫgna}.

There is one, Maktildr, who denies me fun and pleasure and stirs up strife; in the south {the seagull of gore} [RAVEN/EAGLE] drinks from wounds. That lady with the light-brown hair, who defends her lands with the shield, teaches me to sleep but little; swords bit {the doors of Hǫgni <legendary hero>} [SHIELDS].

texts: H-Hr 288, Mork 160

editions: Skj Magnús berfœttr: Lausavísur 3 (AI, 432; BI, 402); Skald I, 199; Mork 1867, 151, Mork 1928-32, 330, Andersson and Gade 2000, 307-8, 487 (Mberf); Fms 7, 61 (Mberf ch. 30); F 1871, 276, E 1916, 124 (Mberf).

sources

GKS 1009 fol (Mork) 24r, 36 - 24r, 36 (Mork)  image  image  image  image  image  
AM 66 fol (H) 91v, 17 - 91v, 17 (H-Hr)  image  image  image  image  
GKS 1010 fol (Hr) 63ra, 8 - 63ra, 8 (H-Hr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 59va, 11 - 59va, 14  image  image  image  image  
AM 47 fol (E) 35v, 8 - 35v, 10  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 314r, 12 - 314r, 19  image  
AM 42 folx (42x) 14r, 16 - 14r, 16  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 543v, 15 - 543v, 22  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated