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Markús Skeggjason (Mark)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Jayne Carroll;

Eiríksdrápa (Eirdr) - 32

Markús Skeggjason (Mark) was the son of Skeggi Bjarnason and possibly a brother of the poet Þórarinn Skeggjason (ÞSkegg). He was lawspeaker in Iceland from 1084 until his death on 15 October 1107. In Íslendingabók (Íslb, ÍF 1, 22) he is named as an important informant for Ari Þorgilsson about the lives of the earlier lawspeakers in Iceland. He had gained this information from his brother, father and grandfather. Markús appears to have had close ties to the Church: during his time as lawspeaker, and with his guidance, Gizurr Ísleifsson, bishop of Skálholt (1081-1118), established the Icel. tithe laws (ÍF 1, 22). Markús was among the most respected poets in the canon of the C13th and he is cited often in SnE and TGT (see below).

In Skáldatal, Markús is associated with S. Knútr Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1086), Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1103), and Ingi Steinkelsson of Sweden (d. 1110) (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 267, 271, 283, see also 348-53). An extended hrynhent poem about Eiríkr (Mark Eirdr), composed after his death in 1103, and one helmingr about ‘Sveinn’s brother’, probably S. Knútr (Mark KnútdrIII), survive, alongside one helmingr and a couplet from a possible drápa about Christ (Mark KristdrIII) and two lvv. (Mark Lv 1-2III). Aside from Eirdr, all of Markús’s extant poetry is transmitted in SnE or TGT, and it has been edited in SkP III.

Eiríksdrápa (‘Drápa about Eiríkr’) — Mark EirdrII

Jayne Carroll 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 432-60.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32 

Skj: Markús Skeggjason: 1. Eiríksdrápa, o. 1104 (AI, 444-52, BI, 414-20); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32

SkP info: II, 437-8

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

5 — Mark Eirdr 5II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Jayne Carroll (ed.) 2009, ‘Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 437-8.

Drengir þôgu auð af yngva;
ǫrr fylkir gaf sverð ok knǫrru;
Eirekr veitti opt ok stórum
armleggjar rǫf dýrðarseggjum.
Hringum eyddi harra sløngvir
hildarramr, en stillir framði
fyrða kyn, svát flestir urðu,
Fróða stóls, af hônum góðir.

Drengir þôgu auð af yngva; ǫrr fylkir gaf sverð ok knǫrru; Eirekr veitti dýrðarseggjum opt ok stórum {rǫf armleggjar}. {Hildarramr sløngvir harra} eyddi hringum, en {stillir {stóls Fróða}} framði kyn fyrða, svát flestir urðu góðir af hônum.

The warriors received wealth from the king; the generous leader gave swords and merchantships; Eiríkr granted glorious men often and freely {the amber of the arm} [GOLD]. {The battle-mighty disperser of lords} [RULER] destroyed rings, and {the controller {of Fróði’s seat}} [= Denmark > = Eiríkr] advanced the kin of men, so that most became wealthy through him.

texts: Knýtl 34

editions: Skj Markús Skeggjason: 1. Eiríksdrápa 7 (AI, 445-6; BI, 415); Skald I, 205-6; 1741, 144-5, ÍF 35, 214-15 (ch. 71).

sources

Jón Ólafsson 1741 (JÓ) 144, 10 - 144, 17 (Knýtl)  transcr.  image  
NKS 873 4°x (873x) 48v, 6 - 48v, 13 (Knýtl)  transcr.  image  
AM 20 b I fol (20b I) 6v, 20 - 6v, 23 (Knýtl)  transcr.  image  
AM 180 b fol (180b) 29r, 32 - 29r, 34 (Knýtl)  transcr.  image  
AM 1005 4°x (1005x) 39v, 18 - 39v, 23 (Knýtl)  transcr.  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated