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Markús Skeggjason (Mark)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Jayne Carroll;

Eiríksdrápa (Eirdr) - 32

Markús Skeggjason (Mark) was the son of Skeggi Bjarnason and possibly a brother of the poet Þórarinn Skeggjason (ÞSkegg). He was lawspeaker in Iceland from 1084 until his death on 15 October 1107. In Íslendingabók (Íslb, ÍF 1, 22) he is named as an important informant for Ari Þorgilsson about the lives of the earlier lawspeakers in Iceland. He had gained this information from his brother, father and grandfather. Markús appears to have had close ties to the Church: during his time as lawspeaker, and with his guidance, Gizurr Ísleifsson, bishop of Skálholt (1081-1118), established the Icel. tithe laws (ÍF 1, 22). Markús was among the most respected poets in the canon of the C13th and he is cited often in SnE and TGT (see below).

In Skáldatal, Markús is associated with S. Knútr Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1086), Eiríkr inn góði ‘the Good’ Sveinsson of Denmark (d. 1103), and Ingi Steinkelsson of Sweden (d. 1110) (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 267, 271, 283, see also 348-53). An extended hrynhent poem about Eiríkr (Mark Eirdr), composed after his death in 1103, and one helmingr about ‘Sveinn’s brother’, probably S. Knútr (Mark KnútdrIII), survive, alongside one helmingr and a couplet from a possible drápa about Christ (Mark KristdrIII) and two lvv. (Mark Lv 1-2III). Aside from Eirdr, all of Markús’s extant poetry is transmitted in SnE or TGT, and it has been edited in SkP III.

Eiríksdrápa (‘Drápa about Eiríkr’) — Mark EirdrII

Jayne Carroll 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Markús Skeggjason, Eiríksdrápa’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 432-60.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32 

Skj: Markús Skeggjason: 1. Eiríksdrápa, o. 1104 (AI, 444-52, BI, 414-20); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32

SkP info: II, 450

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

21 — Mark Eirdr 21II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 21/2

1alþýða (noun f.) [°-u] ‘all the people...’ — 21/6

ástvinr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. -; -ir] ‘dear friend...’ — 21/7

einart (adv.) ‘incessantly...’ — 21/8

Eiríkr (noun m.) ‘Eiríkr...’Eirekr 21/1

erfð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘inheritance...’erfðir 21/5

2festa (verb) ‘fasten, betrothe, promise...’festu 21/3

flýja (verb) ‘to flee, take flight...’flýðu 21/2

fyrr (adv.) ‘before, sooner...’ — 21/8

gjald (noun n.) ‘payment, reward, return...’gjǫld 21/3

grimmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce...’grimmir 21/3

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’gumnar 21/4

3hár (adj.) [°-van; compar. hǽrri, superl. hǽstr] ‘high...’hôri 21/1

2hlýða (verb) ‘hear, listen; be able...’ — 21/6

hǫlðr (noun m.) [°-s; -ar] ‘man...’hauldar 21/3

liggja (verb) ‘lie...’ 21/8

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 21/1

1nema (verb) ‘to take...’numnir 21/4

ráða (verb) ‘advise, rule, interpret, decide...’réð 21/7

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þat 21/8, því 21/7

sigr (noun m.) [°sigrs/sigrar, dat. sigri; sigrar] ‘victory...’sigri 21/4

stillir (noun m.) ‘ruler...’stilli 21/6

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’stundu 21/2

2Sveinn (noun m.) ‘Sveinn...’Sveini 21/8

telja (verb) ‘tell, count...’talði 21/5

3und (prep.) ‘under, underneath...’ — 21/8

undan (adv.) ‘away, away from...’ — 21/2

uppreist (noun f.) ‘success, improvement ...’ — 21/1

veldi (noun n.) ‘realm...’ — 21/7

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’vas 21/1

1verða (verb) ‘become, be...’urðu 21/4, varð 21/6

Vinðr (noun m.) [°; vinðr/-ir] ‘the Wends...’ — 21/2

Yngvi (noun m.) ‘Yngvi, prince...’ — 21/5

þangat (adv.) ‘there, thither...’ — 21/5

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 21/3

ǫld (noun f.) [°; aldir] ‘people, age...’aldar 21/7

 

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated