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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. 3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 9

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Lausavísur — ESk LvIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 169.

stanzas:  7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur (AI, 482-5, BI, 454-7)

in texts: FoGT, Gramm, LaufE, LaufE, Skm, SnE, SnEA, SnEW, TGT

SkP info: III, 169

notes: 1-2, 5-7 A2; 4, 8-14 B

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

7 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 7 [Vol. 3, 169] — ESk Lv 7III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Baugs, getr með þér þeygi,
þýðr, drengr vesa lengi
(elg búum flóðs) nema fylgi,
friðstøkkvir, því nøkkvat.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 4 (AI, 483; BI, 455); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, R, Tx, U, W; texts: LaufE 170(394), Skm 264
 
8 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 8 [Vol. 3, 171] — ESk Lv 8III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Brattr es baldrekr Þjóttu,
berr vindr Raðar linda,
víðgyrðill þýtr Vǫrðu,
veltr Fenringar belti,
yglisk umbgørð Huglar,
olmr's grásili Stolmar,
fleygir Bolmar baugi,
brakar Lygru men nakkvat.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 11 (AI, 484; BI, 456); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, papp10x, RE 1665; texts: LaufE 48(267), LaufE 27(342-3), SnEA 6
 
9 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 9 [Vol. 3, 172] — ESk Lv 9III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Blár es baldrekr Síra,
Brú gyrðill þvær fyrðum,
sundr springr Lygru lindi,
Leku veltr of þrǫm belti,
kili skýtr Karmtar helsi,
klýfr stjórn sila Þjórnar,
bǫrð skera Gizka girði,
grafask borð í men Storðar.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 12 (AI, 484-5; BI, 457); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, A, papp10x, RE 1665; texts: LaufE 47(267), LaufE 26(342), SnEA 7
 
10 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 10 [Vol. 3, 173] — ESk Lv 10III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Víst erumk hermð á hesti;
hefr fljóð, ef vill, góðan.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 8 (AI, 484; BI, 456); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 744x, A, B, W; texts: TGT 11
 
11 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 11 [Vol. 3, 174] — ESk Lv 11III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Harðan þrýtr á hvítum
harm Sólborgar armi.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 9 (AI, 484; BI, 456); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 744x, A, B, W; texts: TGT 21
 
12 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 12 [Vol. 3, 175] — ESk Lv 12III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hrynja lét en hvíta
hausmjǫll ofan lausa
strind aurriða strandar
stalls af [reikar fjalli].

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 10 (AI, 484; BI, 456); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, W; texts: LaufE 70(278), LaufE 68(356), SnEW 24
 
13 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 13 [Vol. 3, 176] — ESk Lv 13III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Máni skínn af mæni
moldar hofs of foldir
alla stund, meðan endisk
ævi lands ok sævar;
veitk félaga fljótum
fróns prýði vel þjóna,
þeim vitu eigi ýtar
auðit lífs né dauða.

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII]: [C]. D. Religiøse og moraliserende vers af den 4. grammatiske afhandling 18 (AII, 166; BII, 184); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, W; texts: FoGT 56, LaufE 150(386)
 
14 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 14 [Vol. 3, 177] — ESk Lv 14III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Stórt fellr gyrðill Garta,
grefr vindr Þrumu linda,
þýtr svalfjǫturr Selju,
svellr undrum men Hrundar,
alt skelfr Bumlar belti,
brestr ern sili Hernar,
œst ferr umbgørð Hristar,
óðr es hringr Þrymlinga.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 13 (AI, 485; BI, 457); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, papp10x, RE 1665; texts: LaufE 49(267-8), LaufE 28(343)
 
15 Vol. 3. Einarr Skúlason (biog. vol. 2), 3. Lausavísur, 15 [Vol. 3, 179] — ESk Lv 15III

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Barð rístr Gælu girði,
grefr saumr fjǫtur Taumu,
geyst ferr umbgørð Ostrar,
opt's men klofit Senju,
brand þvær Bolgu lindi,
bifask stinnr sili Kinnar,
hringr þýtr Hveðru lǫngum,
hart veltr Glanar belti.

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur 14 (AI, 485; BI, 457); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: B; mss: 2368x, 743x, papp10x, RE 1665; texts: LaufE 50(268), LaufE 29(343)
 
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated