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Einarr Skúlason (ESk)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. 3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 9

We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).

It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.

Lausavísur — ESk LvIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 169.

stanzas:  7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15 

Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur (AI, 482-5, BI, 454-7)

in texts: FoGT, Gramm, LaufE, LaufE, Skm, SnE, SnEA, SnEW, TGT

SkP info: III, 169

notes: 1-2, 5-7 A2; 4, 8-14 B

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

af (prep.) ‘from...’ — 9/4, 12/4, 13/1

allr (adj.) ‘all...’alla 13/3, Allt 14/5

1armr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘arm...’armi 11/2

auðinn (adj.) [°compar. auðnari] ‘fated, decreed...’auðit 13/8

aurriði (noun m.) ‘[trout]...’aurriða 12/3

3á (prep.) ‘on, at...’ — 10/1, 11/1

baldrekr (noun m.) ‘[baldric]...’ — 8/1, 9/1

barð (noun n.) ‘prow, stern (of a ship)...’ — 15/1, bǫrð 9/7

baugr (noun m.) [°dat. -i/-; -ar] ‘ring...’baugi 8/7, Baugs 7/1

belti (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘belt...’ — 8/4, 9/4, 14/5, 15/8

3bera (verb) [°berr; bar, báru; borinn] ‘bear, carry...’berr 8/2

2bifa (verb) [°-að-] ‘shudder, tremble...’bifask 15/6

blár (adj.) ‘black...’Blárs 9/1

Bolga (noun f.) ‘Bolga...’Bolgu 15/5

borð (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘side, plank, board; table...’ — 9/8

Bókn (noun f.) ‘[Bokn]...’Bóknar 8/7

braka (verb) [°-að-] ‘crash, creak...’brakar 8/8

brandr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sword, prow; fire...’Brand 15/5

brattr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘steep...’Brattrs 8/1

1bresta (verb) [°brestr; brast, brustu; brostinn] ‘burst, split...’brestr 14/6

Briml (noun f.) ‘Briml...’Brimlar 14/5

2Brú (noun f.) ‘Bru...’ — 9/2

2búa (verb) [°býr (1. pers. býg NjM 330²⁴); bjó/bjuggi/bjǫggi/byggi, bjuggu/bjǫggu (præt. conj. byggi); búinn (n. sg. búit/bút)] ‘prepare, ready, live...’búum 7/3

dauði (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘death...’dauða 13/8

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’ — 7/2

3ef (conj.) ‘if...’ — 10/2

3eigi (adv.) ‘not...’ — 13/7

elgr (noun m.) [°-s; -ir/-ar] ‘elk...’elg 7/3

1enda (verb) [°-að-] ‘end, last...’endisk 13/3

ern (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘powerful...’ — 14/6

falla (verb) ‘fall...’fellr 14/1

fara (verb) [ferr, fór, fóru, farinn] ‘go, travel...’ferr 14/7, ferr 15/3

Fenring (noun f.) ‘[Askøy]...’Fenhringar 8/4

félagi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘companion...’félaga 13/5

1fjall (noun n.) ‘mountain...’fjalli 12/4

fjǫturr (noun m.) ‘fetter...’fjǫtur 15/2, 14/3

fleygja (verb) ‘fling...’fleygir 8/7

fljóð (noun n.) ‘woman...’ — 10/2

2fljótr (adj.) ‘quick...’fljótum 13/5

2flóð (noun n.) ‘flood...’flóðs 7/3

fold (noun f.) ‘land...’foldir 13/2

friðr (noun m.) ‘peace...’frið 7/4

2frón (noun n.) ‘earth, land...’fróns 13/6

2fylgja (verb) ‘follow, accompany...’fylgi 7/3

2fyrðr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -] ‘man...’fyrðum 9/2

Garti (noun m.) ‘[Garten]...’Garta 14/1

2geta (verb) ‘to beget, give birth to, mention, speak ...’getr 7/1

girði (noun n.) ‘°materiale til gærde...’ — 9/7, 15/1

Gizki (noun m.) ‘[Giske]...’Gizka 9/7

Glǫn (noun f.) ‘Glǫn...’Glanar 15/8

góðr (adj.) ‘good...’góðan 10/2

grafa (verb) ‘to dig, earth, bury...’grafask 9/8, grefr 14/2, grefr 15/2

grásili (noun m.) ‘grey harness-strap ...’ — 8/6

gyrðill (noun m.) ‘[girdle]...’ — 9/2, 14/1

Gæla (noun f.) ‘Gæla...’Gælu 15/1

hafa (verb) ‘have...’hefr 10/2

harðr (adj.) [°comp. -ari; superl. -astr] ‘hard, harsh...’Harðan 11/1, hart 15/8

1harmr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘sorrow, grief...’harm 11/2

hauss (noun m.) [°hauss, dat. hausi/haus; hausar] ‘skull...’haus 12/2

helsi (noun n.) [°-s] ‘[necklace]...’ — 9/5

hermð (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘[anger]...’ — 10/1

Hernar (noun f.) ‘Hernar...’ — 14/6

hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’hesti 10/1

1hóf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘court, temple...’hofs 13/2

1hringr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ar] ‘ring; sword...’ — 15/7, hringrinn 14/8

Hrund (noun f.) ‘Runde, Hrund, valkyrie...’Hrundar 14/4

hrynja (verb) ‘fall, flow...’ — 12/1

Hugl (noun f.) ‘[Huglo]...’Huglar 8/5

Hveðra (noun f.) ‘Hveðra...’Hveðru 15/7

hvítr (adj.) [°-an; -ari, -astr] ‘white...’hvíta 12/1, hvítum 11/1

2inn (art.) ‘the...’in 12/1

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 9/8

2Kinn (noun f.) ‘Kinn...’Kinnar 15/6

kjǫlr (noun m.) [°kjalar, dat. kili; kjǫlir] ‘keel, ship...’Kjǫl 9/5

kljúfa (verb) ‘cleave...’klofit 15/4

1klyfja (verb) ‘[cleaves, cloven]...’klýfr 9/6

Kǫrmt (noun f.) ‘[Karmøy]...’Karmtar 9/5

land (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘land...’lands 13/4

langr (adj.) [°compar. lengri, superl. lengstr] ‘long...’lǫngum 15/7

lauss (adj.) [°compar. lausari] ‘loose, free, without...’lausa 12/2

láta (verb) ‘let, have sth done...’lét 12/1

Leka (noun f.) ‘Leka...’Leku 9/4

lengi (adv.) ‘for a long time...’ — 7/2

1lindi (noun m.) [°-a; -ar] ‘belt, girdle...’linda 8/2, linda 14/2, 9/3, 15/5

líf (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘life...’lífs 13/8

Lygra (noun f.) [°-u] ‘lygra...’Lygru 8/8, Lygru 9/3

máni (noun m.) [°-a] ‘moon...’ — 13/1

með (prep.) ‘with...’ — 7/1

meðan (conj.) ‘while...’ — 13/3

2men (noun n.) [°; dat. menjum] ‘neck-ring...’ — 8/8, 9/8, 14/4, 15/4

mjǫll (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u] ‘fresh snow...’ — 12/2

mold (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u; -ir] ‘earth, soil...’moldar 13/2

mœnir (noun m.) [°-s] ‘[roof-ridge, ridge]...’ni 13/1

2nema (conj.) ‘unless...’ — 7/3

(conj.) ‘nor...’ — 13/8

nøkkurr (pron.) ‘some, a certain...’nǫkkvat 8/8, nøkkvat 7/4

3of (prep.) ‘around, from; too...’ — 13/2

ofan (adv.) ‘down...’ — 12/2

3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’ — 13/4

olmr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘fierce, furious...’olmrs 8/6

opt (adv.) ‘often...’opts 15/4

2óðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘raging, furious...’óðrs 14/8

Óstr (noun f.) ‘[Osterøy]...’Óstrar 15/3

prýðir (noun m.) ‘adorner...’prýði 13/6

Rist (noun f.) ‘Riste...’Hristar 14/7

rísta (verb) ‘carve, raise...’rístr 15/1

2Rǫð (noun f.) ‘Radøy...’Raðar 8/2

saumr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘nail, seam...’saumr 15/2

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’þeim 13/7, því 7/4

3Selja (noun f.) [°-u] ‘Selja...’Selju 14/3

Senja (noun f.) ‘Senja...’Senju 15/4

sili (noun m.) [°-a] ‘[harness-strap]...’sila 9/6, 14/6, 15/6

Síri (noun m.) ‘[Utsira, Sira]...’Síra 9/1

sjór (noun m.) ‘sea...’sævar 13/4

skera (verb) ‘cut...’ — 9/7

skína (verb) ‘shine...’skínn 13/1

1skjalfa (verb) ‘shake - intrans....’skelfr 14/5

skola (verb) ‘rinse...’skolar 9/5

sólborg (noun f.) ‘sólborg...’Sólborgar 11/2

springa (verb) ‘burst, spring apart...’springr 9/3

stallr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘seat, stall, support...’stalls 12/4

stinnr (adj.) ‘stiff, firm...’ — 15/6

stjórn (noun f.) [°-ar; dat. -um] ‘steering, leadership, rudder...’ — 9/6

Stolm (noun f.) ‘[Stolmen]...’Stolmar 8/6

3Storð (noun f.) ‘[Stord]...’Storðar 9/8

stórr (adj.) ‘large, great...’Stórt 14/1

strind (noun f.) ‘land...’ — 12/3

strǫnd (noun f.) [°strandar, dat. -u/-; strandir/strendr] ‘beach, shore...’strandar 12/3

stund (noun f.) [°-ar, dat. -u/-; -ir] ‘time, hour...’ — 13/3

støkkvir (noun m.) ‘dispenser, flinger...’ — 7/4

sundr (adv.) ‘(a)sunder...’ — 9/3

svalr (adj.) ‘cool...’sval 14/3

1svella (verb) ‘swell...’svellr 14/4

svǫrðr (noun m.) [°svarðar, dat. sverði; sverðir, acc. svǫrðu] ‘scalp...’svarðar 12/4

Taumar (noun m.) ‘Taumar...’Tauma 15/2

umgjǫrð (noun f.) ‘bindings...’umbgerð 8/5, umbgerð 14/7, umbgerð 15/3

2undr (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘wonder, marvel...’undrum 14/4

Varða (noun f.) ‘Varða...’Vǫrðu 8/3

vel (adv.) ‘well, very...’ — 13/6

2velta (verb) ‘wander (strong)...’veltr 8/4, veltr 9/4, veltr 15/8

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’erumk 10/1, vesa 7/2

vilja (verb) ‘want, intend...’vill 10/2

1vindr (noun m.) [°-s/-ar; -ar] ‘wind...’ — 8/2, 14/2

1vita (verb) ‘know...’Veitk 13/5, vitu 13/7

víðgyrðill (noun m.) ‘[wide girdle]...’ — 8/3

1víss (adj.) ‘wise, certain(ly)...’Víst 10/1

ygla (verb) ‘become fierce...’Yglisk 8/5

ýtr (noun m.) ‘man; launcher...’ýtar 13/7

þeygi (adv.) ‘not at all...’ — 7/1

þjóna (verb) ‘serve...’ — 13/6

Þjórn (noun f.) ‘[Tjörn]...’Þjórnar 9/6

þjóta (verb) ‘roar...’þýtr 8/3, þýtr 14/3, þýtr 15/7

Þjótta (noun f.) ‘[Tjøtta]...’Þjóttu 8/1

6Þruma (noun f.) ‘Tromøy...’Þrumu 14/2

Þrymlingar (noun m.) ‘[Tromlingene]...’Þrymlinga 14/8

þrýta (verb) ‘[disappears]...’þrýtr 11/1

þrǫmr (noun m.) [°dat. þremi; gen. þrama] ‘rail, rim...’þrǫm 9/4

þú (pron.) [°gen. þín, dat. þér, acc. þik] ‘you...’þér 7/1

1þvá (verb) ‘wash...’þvær 9/2, þvær 15/5

þýðr (adj.) ‘kind...’ — 7/2

œst (adv.) ‘[angrily, madly]...’ — 14/7

ævi (noun f.) [°-/-ar] ‘life...’ — 13/4

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated