Einarr Skúlason (ESk)
12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;
1. Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I) - 5
2. Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I) - 2
3. Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II) - 5
4. Haraldssonakvæði (?) (Harsonkv) - 2
5. Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II) - 1
7. Runhenda (Run) - 10
8. Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr) - 2
9. Ingadrápa (Ingdr) - 4
10. Elfarvísur (Elfv) - 2
11. Lausavísur (Lv) - 6
III. 1. Øxarflokkr (Øxfl) - 10
III. 2. Fragments (Frag) - 18
III. 3. Lausavísur (Lv) - 9
VII. Geisli (Geisl) - 71
We know very little about the life of Einarr Skúlason (ESk). He is called prestr ‘priest’ and is mentioned in a catalogue (c. 1220) of priests of noble birth who were alive in western Iceland in 1143 (Stu 1878, II, 502). It is likely that he came from Borg, belonged to the Mýrar family and was a direct descendant of Þorsteinn Egilsson and a brother of Snorri Sturluson’s maternal grandfather (LH 1894-1901, II, 62-3; ÍF 3, 51 n. 3). He was probably born c. 1090. In 1153, he recited the poem Geisli ‘Light-beam’ (ESk GeislVII) in Kristkirken in Trondheim. He was marshal (stallari) at King Eysteinn Magnússon’s court, and he composed poetry in praise of the Norw. kings Sigurðr jórsalafari ‘Jerusalem-farer’ and Eysteinn Magnússon, Haraldr gilli(-kristr) ‘Servant (of Christ)’, Magnús inn blindi ‘the Blind’ Sigurðarson, Haraldr gilli’s sons, Ingi, Sigurðr munnr ‘Mouth’, and Eysteinn, and about the Norw. chieftain Grégóríus Dagsson (see SnE 1848-87, III, 254-5, 263-4, 269, 276-7, 286). According to Skáldatal, he also honoured the Norw. magnate Eindriði ungi ‘the Young’ Jónsson as well as Sørkvir Kolsson and Jón jarl Sørkvisson of Sweden and King Sveinn Eiríksson of Denmark (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 258, 260, 268-9, 272, 283, 286). About the latter he recited a poem for which he received no reward (see ESk Lv 3; ÍF 35, 275). The extant portion of his poetic oeuvre consists of the following poems (excluding lvv.): Sigurðardrápa I (Sigdr I, five extant sts about Sigurðr jórsalafari); Haraldsdrápa I (Hardr I, two extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldsdrápa II (Hardr II, five extant sts about Haraldr gilli); Haraldssonakvæði (Harsonkv, two extant sts about the sons of Haraldr gilli); Sigurðardrápa II (Sigdr II, one extant st. about Sigurðr munnr Haraldsson); Runhenda (Run, ten extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Eysteinsdrápa (Eystdr, two extant sts about Eysteinn Haraldsson); Ingadrápa (Ingdr, four extant sts about Ingi Haraldsson); Elfarvísur (Elfv, two extant sts about Grégóríus Dagsson); Geisli (GeislVII, seventy-one sts about S. Óláfr); Øxarflokkr (ØxflIII, ten extant sts about the gift of an axe).
It must be emphasised that, although the poetry included in the royal panegyrics below clearly belongs to poems of that genre, with two exceptions (Hardr II and Elfv), all the names of the poems are modern constructs (notably by Jón Sigurðsson and Finnur Jónsson). That also holds true for the assignment of sts to the individual poems. In some cases, sts were assigned to a particular poem for metrical reasons (so Run), in other cases because of the content or the named recipients of the praise. For the sake of convenience, the names of the poems and the sts assigned to them as found in Skj have been retained in the present edn. In addition to the royal encomia, a number of fragments and lvv. attributed to Einarr are preserved in SnE, TGT and LaufE (see ESk Frag 1-18III; ESk Lv 7-15III). These have been edited separately in SkP III. Six lvv. are transmitted in the kings’ sagas and edited below.
Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Einarr Skúlason, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 169. <https://skaldic.org/m.php?p=text&i=3388> (accessed 21 January 2022)
Skj: Einarr Skúlason: 11. Lausavísur (AI, 482-5, BI, 454-7)
in texts: FoGT, Gramm, LaufE, LaufE, Skm, SnE, SnEA, SnEW, TGT
SkP info: III, 169
1-2, 5-7 A2; 4, 8-14 B
Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.
A - 12r/13-12r/14 (VEÞ)|
bꜹgs gætr með þer þæygi þyðr drængr vna længi ælg bvvm flóðs | næma fylgi frið stǫkkvi þi nokkvt .
A - 21v/2-21v/4 (VEÞ)|
Brattr er balldrækir þióttv berr vindr raðar linda viðgyrðill þytr . vǫ̨rðv vellir | fænringar bællti ygliz vmgerð hvglar ólmr ær grasili stólmar flæygir bólmar bꜹgi | brakar lygrv mæn nakkvat .
A - 21v/4-21v/6 (VEÞ)|
Blar ær balldrækr sira brv gyrðill þvæar fyrðvm | svndr springr lygrv lindi lækv vællt af þrø̨m bællti kiol skolar karmtar | hælsi klýfr stiórn sila þiórnar bø̨rð skera gizka girði grafaz borð imen storðar |
A - 3v/30-3v/30 (VEÞ)|
Vist ervmz hermd a hesti hefir flioð ef vill goðan .
W - 101/21-101/21 (TW)
Vist erumk hermð a hesti hefir flioð ef vill goðan.
B - 2v/20-2v/20 (TW)
[.]ist erumk hermð a hesti hefuir flíoð ef uill goðan.
A - 4r/22-4r/23 (VEÞ)|
hardan þytr | a hvituvm harm solborgar armi .
W - 102/15-102/16 (TW)
Har|ðan þytra hvítvm harm solborgar armí.
B - 3r/2-3r/2 (VEÞ)
Hardan þrýtr a huítum harm sol borgar arme.
743x - 76v/28-76v/29 (VEÞ)|
Hrynia ljet hin hvita. | haus miǫll ofan lausa. |