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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson (Ólhv)

13th century; volume 2; ed. Lauren Goetting;

III. 2. Fragments (Frag) - 9

prose works

Óláfr hvítaskáld ‘White Skald’ Þórðarson (Ólhv) was an accomplished Icel. scholar and a prolific poet. Details of his life are documented in Sturlunga saga (Stu), Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Hák), and Knýtlinga saga (Knýtl). He was born c. 1210-12 at Staður on Snæfellsness, Iceland, as the eldest son of Þórðr Sturluson and his concubine Þóra. He was the nephew of Snorri Sturluson (SnSt; d. 1241), with whom he spent long periods of time as a young man, and the older brother of Sturla Þórðarson (Sturl; d. 1284). In 1237 he left Iceland with Snorri to embark upon a career as a professional poet at the courts of Scandinavia. According to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 256-8, 260, 378-84) Óláfr composed poetry in honour of a large number of kings and noblemen, including the following: (in Norway) Jarl Skúli Bárðarson (d. 1240), King Hákon Hákonarson (d. 1263) and his son Hákon ungi ‘the Young’ Hákonarson (d. 1257), Jarl Knútr Hákonarson (d. 1261); (in Sweden) King Eiríkr Eiríkson (d. 1250); (in Denmark) King Valdimarr Valdimarsson (d. 1241). Because of Óláfr’s close association with Valdimarr, from whom he hafði ... margar ágætligar frásagnir ‘got ... many excellent narratives’ (ÍF 35, 315), he is thought by some to have written Knýtl, which recounts the history of Dan. rulers (see LH 1894-1901, II, 275, 784-5). Around 1242 Óláfr returned to Iceland and founded a school at Stafaholt in Borgarfjörður, where he wrote the Third Grammatical Treatise (TGT) and devoted himself to teaching and writing until his death in 1259. In addition to these pursuits, he was ordained subdeacon at some point after his return to Iceland and also served as lawspeaker 1248-50.

Most of Óláfr’s extant poetry consists of encomia to King Hákon Hákonarson and is inserted throughout the prose in Hák. This includes part of Hrynhenda (Ólhv Hryn), one st. from a Poem about Hákon (Ólhv Hák), and two lvv. (Ólhv Lv). One lv. traditionally assigned to him, has been reassigned in the present edn to Óláfr svartaskáld Leggsson (Ólsv Love 3III). Aside from the aforementioned, the remainder of Óláfr’s known poetic works includes two sts from ÁrónsdrápaDrápa about Árón’ (Ólhv ÁrdrIV), composed about his friend Árón Hjǫrleifsson, and two sts from ThómasdrápaDrápa about Thomas (ꜳ Becket)’ (Ólhv ThómdrIII), recorded in the Fourth Grammatical Treatise (FoGT). Finally, nine fragments of sts from TGT (Ólhv FragIII), treated as anonymous in previous eds, are attributed to Óláfr in this edn.

Fragments — Ólhv FragIII

Tarrin Wills 2017, ‘ Óláfr hvítaskáld Þórðarson, Fragments’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 302. <> (accessed 18 January 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9 

in texts: Gramm, TGT, TGT 1, TGT 2, TGT 3, TGT 4

SkP info: III, 302

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files


Note: The following transcriptions have been entered to aid the editing process. These may not have been fully reviewed and checked and may therefore not be reliable. You may wish to consult the manuscript images. Any corrections can be notified to the database editor.

1. A - 4v/31-4v/31 (VEÞ)
Vætti ek harms næma hitta hǫfut gvllz naim fvllv .
W - 103/27-103/27 (TW)
Vætti ek harms nema hitta hǫfuð gullz náim fvllu |
2. A - 5r/16-5r/17 (VEÞ)
þat hæfi ek sagt ær sialfr vissag dvldr fer ek hins ær | drengr þægir .
W - 104/16-104/17 (TW)
þat hefi ek sagt er sialfr vissag dulðr fer ek | hins er drengr þegir.
3. A - 5r/35-5v/1 (VEÞ)
hermenn getu hinnnig || hvgstinnan gram vinna .
W - 105/2-105/2 (TW)
hermenn gatum hinnig hugstinnan gram uinna. |
4. A - 6r/15-6r/16 (VEÞ)
Flvgv hramnar tvæir af hnikars ø̨xlvm hvginn til hanga ænn | a hræ mvninn .
W - 106/17-106/18 (TW)
Flugu hrafnar .ij. af hnikars ǫxlum huginn til | hanga enn a hræ mvninn.
5. A - 6r/23-6r/24 (VEÞ)
herr bioz | hvatt til snærrv .
W - 106/24-106/25 (TW)
Herr bvaz | hvarer til snerrv.
6. A - 6v/14-6v/15 (VEÞ)
Harða hvatfæra hravsta vigtama snarpa snarraða sa | gat hirð ræsir .
W - 107/15-107/15 (TW)
harða hvat færa hravsta vigtama snarpa snar raða sa gat frið ræser.
7. A - 7r/11-7r/12 (VEÞ)
adr grimhvgaðr gængi af griót | moða dꜹðvm .
8. A - 7r/32-7r/33 (VEÞ)
kiǫlr | brvnar klǫkkr afǫ́lvar krapt hár megin barvr .
W - 109/15-109/15 (TW)
kiǫlr brvnn klokkr a fǫlvar krapt hꜳr megín barvr.
9. A - 8v/1-8v/2 (VEÞ)
Vꜹndr er maria myndvt meins eɴ eplit hreina endr at iesse kindar allz | gręðari kallaz .
W - 111/13-111/14 (TW)
Vǫndr er maria myndut meins sem eplit hreina endr at iesse | kindar allz græðari kallaz.
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated