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Jórunn skáldmær (Jór)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Judith Jesch;

Sendibítr (Send) - 5

Nothing is known of Jórunn skáldmær ‘Poet-maiden’ (Jór): who she was, when or where she lived, or when or why she composed the poem Sendibítr (Send) attributed to her. Her nickname indicates a young, unmarried woman who composed poetry. Jórunn is the only female poet among the sixty-seven skalds named in Skm (SnE 1998, I, lv-lix). Mss C(9r) and (41v) have the masculine name Jǫrundr instead, but this is unlikely to be significant, as no poet by the name of Jǫrundr is otherwise known – it is an understandable mistake given how rare named women poets were. Jórunn is often assumed to have been a tenth-century Norwegian, contemporary with Kings Haraldr and Hálfdan, but the dating of Send, and therefore of her lifetime, is uncertain (see Introduction below).

Sendibítr (‘Biting message’) — Jór SendI

Judith Jesch 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 143.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Jórunn skáldmær: Sendibítr, om Harald hårfagre (AI, 60-1, BI, 53-4)

SkP info: I, 147

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Jór Send 3I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr 3’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 147.

Þvít ríkr konungr rekka,
reyr undlagar dreyra
morðs þás merkja þorðu
magnendr, bsk at fagna.

Þvít ríkr konungr rekka bsk at fagna, þás {magnendr morðs} þorðu merkja {reyr {undlagar}} dreyra.

Because the powerful king of warriors prepared to rejoice when {the quickeners of slaughter} [WARRIORS] dared to stain {the reed {of the wound-sea}} [BLOOD > SWORD] with blood.

texts: ÓH 3 (2b)

editions: Skj Jórunn skáldmær: Sendibítr 3 (AI, 60; BI, 53); Skald I, 33; ÓH 1941, I, 12 (ch. 3).

sources

AM 75 c fol (75c) 1r, 1 - 1r, 2 (ÓH)  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated