This interface will soon cease to be publicly available. Use the new interface instead. Click here to switch over now.

Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

login: password: stay logged in: help

Jórunn skáldmær (Jór)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Judith Jesch;

Sendibítr (Send) - 5

Nothing is known of Jórunn skáldmær ‘Poet-maiden’ (Jór): who she was, when or where she lived, or when or why she composed the poem Sendibítr (Send) attributed to her. Her nickname indicates a young, unmarried woman who composed poetry. Jórunn is the only female poet among the sixty-seven skalds named in Skm (SnE 1998, I, lv-lix). Mss C(9r) and (41v) have the masculine name Jǫrundr instead, but this is unlikely to be significant, as no poet by the name of Jǫrundr is otherwise known – it is an understandable mistake given how rare named women poets were. Jórunn is often assumed to have been a tenth-century Norwegian, contemporary with Kings Haraldr and Hálfdan, but the dating of Send, and therefore of her lifetime, is uncertain (see Introduction below).

Sendibítr (‘Biting message’) — Jór SendI

Judith Jesch 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 143.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Jórunn skáldmær: Sendibítr, om Harald hårfagre (AI, 60-1, BI, 53-4)

SkP info: I, 146

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Jór Send 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

-leitr (adj.) ‘-looking...’leitr 2/3

bragr (noun m.) [°-ar] ‘poem, poetry...’ — 2/4

Danr (noun m.) [°dat. -; -ir] ‘Dane...’dan 2/1

2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’ — 2/2

2er (conj.) ‘who, which, when...’ — 2/2 var

fagr (adj.) [°fagran; compar. fegri, superl. fegrstr] ‘fair, beautiful...’fagra 2/4, fagri 2/4 var

1fregna (verb) ‘hear of...’frák 2/1

Halfdan (noun m.) ‘Hálfdan...’ — 2/1

halfr (adj.) ‘half...’Half 2/1

Haraldr (noun m.) ‘Haraldr...’Harald 2/1, Haralds 2/1 var

2hár (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘hair...’ — 2/4

hárfagr (adj.) ‘fine-haired...’hárfagri 2/4 var, hárfagra 2/4

herðibragð (noun n.) ‘[tough deeds]...’herðibrǫgð 2/2

hreystibragð (noun n.)hreystibrǫgð 2/2 var

2inn (art.) ‘the...’ — 2/4, ins 2/4 var

leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’lǫgðisk 2/2 var, lǫgðusk 2/2 var

2leiðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘hateful, loathsome...’ — 2/3 var

2leikr (adj.) ‘°læg (person), ulærd...’ — 2/3 var

lǫgðir (noun m.) ‘sword...’lǫgðis 2/2

raun (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘ordeal, proof, experience...’raunar 2/3 var

2reynir (noun m.) ‘tester...’reyni 2/3

segja (verb) ‘say, tell...’sǫgðusk 2/2 var

1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’ — 2/4

spyrja (verb) [spurði] ‘ask; hear, find out...’ — 2/1

svartleiðr (adj.) — 2/3 var

svartleitr (adj.) — 2/3

svartr (adj.) ‘black...’svart 2/3

sýna (verb) ‘show, seem...’sýnisk 2/3

3verja (verb) ‘defend...’ — 2/1 var

unlemmatised variants — braug (2); lættr (2)


Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated