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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Jórunn skáldmær (Jór)

10th century; volume 1; ed. Judith Jesch;

Sendibítr (Send) - 5

Skj info: Jórunn skáldmær, Norsk. Den første halvdel af det 10. årh. (AI, 60-61, BI, 53-54).

Skj poems:

Nothing is known of Jórunn skáldmær ‘Poet-maiden’ (Jór): who she was, when or where she lived, or when or why she composed the poem Sendibítr (Send) attributed to her. Her nickname indicates a young, unmarried woman who composed poetry. Jórunn is the only female poet among the sixty-seven skalds named in Skm (SnE 1998, I, lv-lix). Mss C(9r) and (41v) have the masculine name Jǫrundr instead, but this is unlikely to be significant, as no poet by the name of Jǫrundr is otherwise known – it is an understandable mistake given how rare named women poets were. Jórunn is often assumed to have been a tenth-century Norwegian, contemporary with Kings Haraldr and Hálfdan, but the dating of Send, and therefore of her lifetime, is uncertain (see Introduction below).

Sendibítr (‘Biting message’) — Jór SendI

Judith Jesch 2012, ‘ Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 143. <> (accessed 3 December 2021)

 1   2   3   4   5 

Skj: Jórunn skáldmær: Sendibítr, om Harald hårfagre (AI, 60-1, BI, 53-4)

SkP info: I, 146

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

2 — Jór Send 2I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Judith Jesch (ed.) 2012, ‘Jórunn skáldmær, Sendibítr 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 146.

Harald frák, Halfdan, spyrja
herðibrǫgð, en lǫgðis
sýnisk svartleitr reyni
sjá bragr, inn hárfagra.

Halfdan, frák Harald inn hárfagra spyrja herðibrǫgð, en sjá bragr sýnisk svartleitr {reyni lǫgðis}.

Hálfdan, I have learned that Haraldr inn hárfagri (‘Fair-hair’) heard about [your] tough deeds, and that poem seems dark-faced {to the tester of the sword} [WARRIOR].

texts: Flat 186 (4), HHárf 27 (I 59), ÓH 2, ÓT 3, Hkr 69 (I 59)

editions: Skj Jórunn skáldmær: Sendibítr 2 (AI, 60; BI, 53);

Skald I, 33; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 154, IV, 43-4, ÍF 26, 142 (HHárf ch. 36), F 1871, 60; Fms 1, 13, Fms 12, 25, ÓH 1941, I, 12 (ch. 3), Flat 1860-8, I, 45; ÓT 1958-2000, I, 13 (ch. 5).


AM 35 folx (Kx) 76v, 13 - 76v, 16 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 13rb, 32 - 13rb, 34 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 44v, 12 - 44v, 14 (Hkr)  image  
Holm perg 2 4° (Holm2) 2v, 17 - 2v, 19 (ÓH)  image  
Thott 972 folx (972x) 12va, 41 - 12va, 43 (ÓH)  image  
AM 325 VI 4° (325VI) 2va, 32 - 2va, 34 (ÓH)  image  
AM 73 a folx (73ax) 4v, 34 - 4v, 37 (ÓH)  image  
AM 78 a folx (78ax) 3r, 21 - 3r, 24 (ÓH)  image  
AM 68 fol (68) 2r, 28 - 2r, 29 (ÓH)  image  
AM 61 fol (61*) 76ra, 26 - 76ra, 27 (ÓH)  image  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb*) 120va, 19 - 120va, 21 (ÓH)  image  
GKS 1008 fol (Tóm) 92r, 9 - 92r, 9 (ÓH)  image  
AM 61 fol (61*) 2vb, 15 - 2vb, 16 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 2va, 17 - 2va, 18 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb*) 3rb, 25 - 3rb, 27 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 6rb, 57 - 6rb, 59 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 220r, 4 - 220r, 7 (Send)  image  
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