Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help


Dictionary headwords relevant to the editions

This material is incomplete and is for reference only: it has not been checked and quality-controlled and should not be cited. References are to the new edition and may not correspond to the text of Skj.

Use the form to search for lemmata; you can use the wildcards characters underscore _ and percent % to search, respectively, for a single letter or any sequence; otherwise, browse words in the edition by first letter below

hefja (verb)

‘lift, start’
ONP (prose citations):554722581
SkP: 52127911 (prose):2441392394

forms: hófum, hefi, hófsk, hafðar, hefjaz, hefr, hept, hafizk, hefsk, hefiz, hófsk, Hóf sg 3rd pret, Hófst sg 3rd pret, Hófu, hafin, hafinn, hafist, hafið, hafna, hefjast pl 3rd pres infinitive, hefji, hefjist, hefjum pl 1st pres, hefst sg 3rd pres, heft, heftist, hæfi, hófst sg 3rd pret, hófu pl 3rd pret, hófust pl 3rd pret, hœfi, Hefjum, Hefjaz, Hófum, Hefi, Hept, hefia, hof, hefk, hófusk, hefjask, hefja, ho, hóf, hóf, hófz, hofz, hafit, hofſt, hófo, hefja*, hef, hefir

Anon Hsv 99VII l. 1: hefja ‘start’
Anon Leið 34VII l. 2: hefja ‘begin’
Anon Mey 17VII l. 2: hefjaz ‘rise’
Anon Mgr 15VII l. 2: hófu ‘lifted’
Anon Mgr 45VII l. 8: hóf ‘lifted’
Anon Mv III 9VII l. 3: hefr ‘begins’
Anon Mv III 9VII l. 7: hóf ‘began’
Anon Nkt 24II l. 4: hœfi ‘could embark on’
Anon Pét 19VII l. 1: Hóf ‘raised’
Anon Pét 36VII l. 8: hefja ‘to begin’
Anon Pl 13VII l. 2: hófsk ‘began’
Anon Sól 51VII l. 3: hafinn ‘lifted’
Anon Sól 72VII l. 6: hafðar ‘appointed’
Bjbp Jóms 11I l. 5: hefja ‘they made’
Bjbp Jóms 12I l. 1: hefja ‘began’
ESk Geisl 9VII l. 5: Hefjum ‘We lift up’
ESk Geisl 9VII l. 5 [variant]: Hófum ‘’
ESk Geisl 19VII l. 7 [variant]: hept ‘’
Eskál Vell 6I l. 7: hóf ‘raised’
Eskál Vell 19I l. 1: Hóf ‘was carried’
Anon Lil 67VII l. 8: hæfi ‘would raise’
Eyv Hák 2I l. 7: hafin ‘begun’
Eyv Hák 2I l. 7 [variant]: hafinn ‘’
Glúmr Gráf 1I l. 2: hefk ‘I begin’
Glúmr Gráf 1I l. 2 [variant]: hefr ‘’
Glúmr Gráf 1I l. 2 [variant]: hefsk ‘’
GunnLeif Merl II 26VIII (Bret 26) l. 5: hefjask ‘raise’
GunnLeif Merl I 59VIII (Bret 127) l. 4: hefja ‘elevate’
GunnLeif Merl I 98VIII (Bret 166) l. 10: hófusk ‘came into being’
HSt Rst 1I l. 4: hefja ‘commence’
Hallv Knútdr 6III l. 2: hefsk ‘commences’
Hfr ErfÓl 4I l. 1: Hept ‘hindered’
Jór Send 4I l. 7: hófsk ‘lifted’
Okík Magn 1II l. 7: hófsk ‘erupted’
Ólhv Hryn 2II l. 6: hófsk ‘there arose’
Ólhv Hryn 6II l. 2: hóf ‘led’
RvHbreiðm Hl 43III l. 7: fsk ‘was elevated’
Sigv Lv 19I l. 4: hóf ‘lifted’
SnSt Ht 39III l. 1: hófu ‘promoted’
ÞKolb Eirdr 11I l. 1: hefsk ‘is beginning’
ÞSjár Þórdr 2I l. 5: hófsk ‘began’
Þhorn Harkv 6I l. 4 [variant]: hefja ‘’
Þjóð Haustl 13III l. 1: Hófu ‘began’
Þjóð Yt 9I l. 8: hóf ‘heaved’
ÞjóðA Run 3II l. 3: hófsk ‘distinguished himself’
Þjsk Hák 1I l. 2: hafizk ‘eminent’
Anon (TGT) 19III l. 2: hefi ‘raise’
Anon (Vǫlsa) 13I l. 5: Hefi ‘Lift’
Anon Brúðv 17VII l. 5: Hefjaz ‘to begin’
Forað Lv 4VIII (Ket 24) l. 1: hóf ‘began’
ÞjóðA Frag 1II l. 3: hefr ‘takes’


indexed kennings:

© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.