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Illugi bryndœlaskáld (Ill)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Poem about Haraldr harðráði (Har) - 4

Nothing is known about Illugi (Ill), but his nickname bryndœlaskáld ‘Poet of the People of Brynjudalur’ indicates that he either came from Brynjudalur in southern Iceland or composed about people from that region (see SnE 1848-87, III, 595-9; LH 1894-1901, I, 634). Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275) lists him among Haraldr Sigurðarson’s poets.

Poem about Haraldr harðráði — Ill HarII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 282-5.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4 

Skj: Illugi Bryndœlaskáld: 1. Et digt om Harald hårdråde (AI, 384, BI, 354)

SkP info: II, 285

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

4 — Ill Har 4II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Illugi bryndœlaskáld, Poem about Haraldr harðráði 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 285.

Brauzt und Míkjál mæztan
— môgum heim, sem frôgum,
sonr Buðla bauð sínum —
sunnlǫnd, Haraldr, rǫndu.

Haraldr, brauzt sunnlǫnd rǫndu und mæztan Míkjál; {sonr Buðla} bauð môgum sínum heim, sem frôgum.

Haraldr, you subjugated the southern lands with the shield for most esteemed Michael; {Buðli’s son} [= Atli] invited his brothers-in-law home, as we [I] have heard.

Mss: (524r), 39(19rb), F(42va), E(10v), J2ˣ(259r) (Hkr); FskBˣ(61v), FskAˣ(232) (Fsk); H(22v), Hr(17ra) (H-Hr)

Readings: [1] und: so 39, F, J2ˣ, FskAˣ, H, Hr, um Kˣ, undir FskBˣ;    mæztan: mætan FskBˣ, mestan FskAˣ, H, Hr    [2] môgum: mgu 39, F    [3] sonr: son 39, F, sunr FskBˣ, FskAˣ;    bauð sínum: rauð sinni F    [4] sunn‑: sann‑ J2ˣ, ‘sonn‑’ FskBˣ, sund‑ Hr

Editions: Skj: Illugi Bryndœlaskáld, 1. Et digt om Harald hårdråde 4: AI, 384, BI, 354, Skald I, 178; ÍF 28, 75-6 (HSig ch. 5), F 1871, 195, E 1916, 36; ÍF 29, 230-1 (ch. 51); Fms 6, 139 (HSig ch. 5).

Context: Haraldr campaigned in Africa as the leader of the Byzantine Emperor Michael Katallaktos’s Varangian army.

Notes: [1] Míkjál ‘Michael’: Michael IV Katallaktos was Byzantine emperor from 11 April 1034 until his death on 10 December 1041. He ruled jointly with Empress Zoe. — [2-3]: The event alluded to in the embedded clauses, namely, how Atli invited his brothers-in-law, the Gjúkungar, to his stronghold to kill them, is described in Akv and Am (NK 240-63). See also SnE 1998, I, 48. Atli was the ON name for Attila, the leader of the Huns (d. 453). — [4] sunnlǫnd ‘the southern lands’: Sicily, southern Italy and North Africa. For these campaigns, see also Hharð Gamv 2, Hharð Lv 10, ÞjóðA Sex 2-8, ÞjóðA Lv 4, Bǫlv Hardr 3-5, Valg Har 1-4, ÞSkegg Hardr, Þfisk Lv 2-3, ESk Geisl 51-3VII, Sigfús Blöndal 1978, 59-71 and Jesch 2001a, 88-9.

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated