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Runic Dictionary

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Halldórr ókristni (Hókr)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Eiríksflokkr (Eirfl) - 8

Nothing is known about Halldórr ókristni ‘the Un-Christian’ (Hókr) aside from the fact that, according to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280), he was one of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson’s poets. His nickname indicates that he must have been reluctant to convert to Christianity, and it is not surprising that he is connected with the court of the jarls of Hlaðir (Lade), given that Eiríkr’s father, Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, was the last heathen ruler of Norway. The eight stanzas below are what remain of Halldórr’s poetic oeuvre, and they show that he was well versed in myth and heroic legend and, in particular, that he was familiar with the poetry of earlier and contemporary skalds. In Skj, Finnur Jónsson gives his ethnicity as Icelandic, but that cannot be ascertained.

Eiríksflokkr (‘Flokkr about Eiríkr’) — Hókr EirflI

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 469.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr, o. 1010 (AI, 202-4, BI, 193-5)

SkP info: I, 484

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

8 — Hókr Eirfl 8I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2012, ‘Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr 8’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 484.

Hjalmfaldinn bar hilmi
hrings at miklu þingi
— skeiðr glæstu þá þjóðir —
þangat Ormr inn langi.
En sunnr at gný Gunnar
glaðr tók jarl við Naðri;
áðr varð egg at hrjóða
ættgóðr Hemings bróðir.

 

Ormr inn langi (‘the Long Serpent’) carried the helmet-clad ruler [Óláfr] there to {the mighty assembly of the sword}; [BATTLE] troops then adorned the ships. But the cheerful jarl received Naðr (‘Adder’) south at {the din of Gunnr}; [BATTLE] earlier {the high-born brother of Hemingr} [= Eiríkr] had to redden the blade.

context: After the battle of Svǫlðr, the victorious Eiríkr jarl takes possession of Ormr inn langi along with much booty. He commands the ship himself as he steers away from the battle (so Hkr and ÓT). Fsk relates that Eiríkr and his brother Sveinn go back to Norway, and Eiríkr takes possession of Ormr inn langi.

notes: The stanza contrasts Óláfr arriving confidently in Ormr, and the exultant Eiríkr departing in command of it. More common in skaldic poetry is a stanza depicting two fleets approaching each other from different directions; see Note to Sigv Tryggfl 1/1-4. — In 54, 325VIII 2 g and Bb the stanza is attributed to Hallfreðr. — [1]: The line recalls Eskál Vell 33/1 hjalmfaldinn bauð hildi. — [5]: The line recalls Eskál Vell 33/3 hinns fór í gný Gunnar. — [6]: The line recalls Hfr ErfÓl 16/4 glaðr ok báða Naðra.

texts: Flat 370, Fsk 129, ÓT 200, ÓTC 68 (I 170), Hkr 199 (I 170)

editions: Skj Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr 8 (AI, 204; BI, 194-5); Skald I, 102; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 457, IV, 103, ÍF 26, 370 (ÓTHkr ch. 113), F 1871, 167; ÓT 1958-2000, II, 297-8 (ch. 258), Flat 1860-8, I, 520; Fsk 1902-3, 135 (ch. 23), ÍF 29, 164 (ch. 25).

sources

AM 35 folx (Kx) 217r, 16 - 217r, 23 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 36vb, 32 - 36vb, 35 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 135r, 7 - 135r, 11 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 117v, 16 - 117v, 23 (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 70ra, 8 - 70ra, 10 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 66va, 22 - 66va, 25 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 68ra, 6 - 68ra, 10 (ÓT)  image  
AM 325 VIII 2 g 4° (325VIII 2 g) 2ra, 5 - 2ra, 9 (ÓT)  image  
AM 51 folx (51x) 35r, 3 - 35r, 10 (Fsk)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 103va, 26 - 103va, 30 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 69va, 1 - 69va, 4 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
OsloUB 371 folx (FskBx) 38v, 4 - 38v, 11 (Fsk)  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 147, 9 - 147, 16 (Fsk)  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 54r, 2 - 54r, 6 (Fsk)  
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