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Halldórr ókristni (Hókr)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Eiríksflokkr (Eirfl) - 8

Nothing is known about Halldórr ókristni ‘the Un-Christian’ (Hókr) aside from the fact that, according to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280), he was one of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson’s poets. His nickname indicates that he must have been reluctant to convert to Christianity, and it is not surprising that he is connected with the court of the jarls of Hlaðir (Lade), given that Eiríkr’s father, Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, was the last heathen ruler of Norway. The eight stanzas below are what remain of Halldórr’s poetic oeuvre, and they show that he was well versed in myth and heroic legend and, in particular, that he was familiar with the poetry of earlier and contemporary skalds. In Skj, Finnur Jónsson gives his ethnicity as Icelandic, but that cannot be ascertained.

Eiríksflokkr (‘Flokkr about Eiríkr’) — Hókr EirflI

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 469.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr, o. 1010 (AI, 202-4, BI, 193-5)

SkP info: I, 475

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Hókr Eirfl 3I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2012, ‘Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr 3’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 475.

Fjǫrð kom heldr í harða
— hnitu reyr saman dreyra;
tungl skôrusk þá tingla
tangar — Ormr inn langi,
þás borðmikinn Barða
brynflagðs Reginn lagði
— jarl vann hjalms at holmi
hríð — við Fáfnis síðu.


Last year Ormr inn langi (‘the Long Serpent’) underwent a rather harsh [trial] — {reeds of gore} [SWORDS] crashed together; {moons of the tongs of prow-boards} [SHIELDS] were cut then —, when {the Reginn {of the byrnie-troll-woman}} [AXE > WARRIOR = Eiríkr] brought the high-sided Barði (‘Prow’) alongside Fáfnir; the jarl fought {a storm of the helmet} [BATTLE] near the island.

context: Towards the end of the battle of Svǫlðr, all of Óláfr Tryggvason’s ships have been cleared except for Ormr inn langi, and all of Óláfr’s men who are still able to fight have gathered there. Eiríkr jarl brings his ship, Barði (‘Prow’) or Járnbarði (‘Iron-prow’), alongside Ormr inn langi, and a hard fight ensues.

notes: In Hkr and ÓT, sts 3-4 are given in reverse order (see Introduction above). — [8]: This line recalls Egill Lv 10/2V (Eg 15) hríð fyr Jótlands síðu.

texts: Flat 344, Fsk 116, ÓT 176, ÓTC 57 (I 160), ÓTOdd 11 (10), Hkr 188 (I 160)

editions: Skj Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr 3 (AI, 203; BI, 193); Skald I, 102, NN §3219; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 446, IV, 98, ÍF 26, 360-1 (ÓTHkr ch. 106), F 1871, 163; ÓT 1958-2000, II, 273 (ch. 251), Flat 1860-8, I, 485; Fsk 1902-3, 127 (ch. 22), ÍF 29, 155 (ch. 24); ÓTOdd 1932, 222, ÍF 25, 337.


AM 35 folx (Kx) 212r, 22 - 212v, 1 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 36ra, 34 - 36ra, 38 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 131v, 11 - 131v, 15 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 114v, 30 - 115r, 6 (Hkr)  image  
AM 325 VIII 1 4° (325VIII 1) 5rb, 29 - 5rb, 33 (Hkr)  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 64va, 33 - 64va, 36 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 64vb, 1 - 64vb, 5 (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 100rb, 18 - 100rb, 23 (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 64vb, 18 - 64vb, 21 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
AM 303 4°x (FskAx) 138, 22 - 139, 6 (Fsk)  image  
Holm perg 18 4° (Holm18) 53r, 14 - 53r, 16 (ÓTOdd)  image  
AM 310 4° (310) 89, 13 - 89, 15 (ÓTOdd)  image  
DG 4-7 (4-7) 1rb, 40 - 1rb, 43 (ÓTOdd)  image  
AM 301 4°x (301x) 51r, 17 - 51r, 21 (Fsk)  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated