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Runic Dictionary

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ÞKolb Eirdr 15I l. 2

stafns — stem


stafn (noun m.; °dat. -i/-; -ar): prow < folkstafn (noun m.): [battle-stem]



[2] folkstafns ‘of the battle-stem [SWORD]’: Finnur Jónsson interprets this as a shield-kenning (LP: folkstafn, and so ÍF 35), but this seems unlikely both because folk meaning ‘sword’ is at best extremely rare (LP: folk 4; Þul Sverða 10/8III) and because the base-word of shield-kennings usually denotes a broad, flat object, while stafn is ‘stem’, e.g. of a ship. Meissner 169 allows either ‘shield’ or ‘sword’ as the kenning’s referent.



case: gen.

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