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Runic Dictionary

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Eskál Vell 18I l. 3

sǫng — of the song

lemma:

sǫngr (noun m.; °-s, dat. -vi/-; -var): song < sǫngherðir (noun m.)

readings:

[3] sǫng‑: sókn‑ FskAˣ, 52ˣ, 301ˣ

notes:

[3] sverða sǫngherðir ‘the strengthener of the song of swords [(lit. ‘song-strengthener of swords’) BATTLE > RULER]’: The reading of FskBˣ, sǫng-, is chosen here (as in Fsk 1902-3; Skj B; Skald; ÍF 29). The reading of FskAˣ, sókn (adopted in Vell 1865, 99; Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 130), results in an unacceptable kenning structure, sókn sverða ‘attack of the swords [BATTLE]’, in which the referent of the kenning is already contained in the base-word sókn (see Finnur Jónsson 1891a, 168-9).

kennings:

grammar:

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