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Runic Dictionary

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Eskál Vell 14I l. 5

áðr — before

lemma:

áðr (adv.; °//): before

readings:

[5] áðr: so 39, F, J1ˣ, 61, 53, 54, Bb, at Kˣ

notes:

[5] áðr ‘before’: (a) The word order in ll. 5-8, with the finite verb farði ‘ferried’ in final position, favours the conj. áðr ‘before’ in l. 5, which is also the reading of all mss except (see Kuhn 1971b, 5-6). This means that Hákon is said to re-authorise the heathen cult before bringing news of the fall of Haraldr gráfeldr to Norway, although the reverse sequence of events would be expected. There is no evident solution to this difficulty. (b) This problem is presumably the reason why at ‘to’ is adopted in most eds, but both the ms. evidence and the word order tell against at.

kennings:

grammar:

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