Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eskál Vell 11I l. 5

Ok — And

lemma:

3. ok (conj.): and, but; also

readings:

[5] Ok: at J1ˣ, 325VIII 1, 61, 53, 54, Bb

notes:

[5] ok ‘and’: The mss offer both ok ‘and’ and at ‘that’. (a) Ok is chosen here, since it is both the reading of the Kringla group mss including the main ms. and the reading that yields the most natural syntactic and semantic structure for the stanza as a whole. It produces a conventional statement that the hero of the poem causes it to swell, his great deeds supplying material for praise. (b) The variant at in the Jöfraskinna group mss and the mss of ÓT would introduce a subordinate clause in the second helmingr which is dependent on því in the first helmingr, giving ‘for this reason the poem grew … that the three sons of the jarl fell’; but it would be unusual to make such a claim about defeated enemies.

kennings:

grammar:

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