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Halli stirði (Halli XI)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Russell Poole;

Flokkr (Fl) - 6

The poet who composed these sts is unidentified in the extant medieval sources. However, Johan Peringskiöld’s edn of Hkr (Hkr 1697, II, 143) contains an ascription to one ‘Halli stríði’ ‘the Stern’. This might have originated in a lost source (cf. Fidjestøl 1982, 145-6) but is more plausibly explained as a result of a misinterpretation of contracted svá sem hér segir ‘as is told here’ in Hkr as svá segir Halli stríði ‘as Halli stríði says’ or similar (ÍF 28, 160). This attribution might have been prompted by mention of an otherwise unknown Halli stirði ‘the Stubborn’, with nearly identical nickname, in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275) as one of the skalds of Haraldr harðráði. Possibly Peringskiöld was aware of this attestation. Halli stirði must be a separate identity from Haraldr’s well-known skald, Sneglu-Halli (SnH), since Skáldatal lists both Sneglu-Halli and Halli stirði among the poets who eulogised Haraldr. Also, the present sts indicate that their speaker was with Haraldr in 1064 when the events narrated took place, whereas, according to Sneglu-Halla þáttr (Snegl), Sneglu-Halli returned permanently to Iceland at an earlier date. Sneglu-Halli also composed encomiastic poetry, as indicated in Snegl (see Mork 1928-32, 234-47; ÍF 9, 261-95; Andersson and Gade 2000, 243-52).

Flokkr — Halli XI FlII

Russell Poole 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Halli stirði, Flokkr’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 337-43.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6 

Skj: Halli stirði: Flokkr, 1064 (AI, 401-2, BI, 370-1)

SkP info: II, 338-9

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Halli XI Fl 1II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Russell Poole (ed.) 2009, ‘Halli stirði, Flokkr 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 338-9.

Norðr lykr gramr, sás gerðir
grund, frá Eyrarsundi
— hrafngœlir sparn hæli
hǫfn — langskipa stǫfnum.
Rísta golli glæstir
gjalfr, en hlýður skjalfa,
hvasst und her fyr vestan
Hallandi framm brandar.

Gramr, sás gerðir grund, lykr stǫfnum langskipa norðr frá Eyrarsundi; {hrafngœlir} sparn hǫfn hæli. Brandar, glæstir golli, rísta gjalfr hvasst framm und her fyr vestan Hallandi, en hlýður skjalfa.

The king, who surrounds his territory, locks up [the land] with the stems of the longships north of Øresund; {the raven-gladdener} [WARRIOR] kicked against the harbour with his keel. The stems, encrusted with gold, cut the ocean-surge keenly forwards under the army to the west of Halland, and the wash-strakes tremble.

texts: H-Hr 172, HSig 63 (III 138), Hkr 517 (III 138)

editions: Skj Halli stirði: Flokkr 1 (AI, 401; BI, 370); Skald I, 184, NN §3092; ÍF 28, 159 (HSig ch. 71), F 1871, 234, E 1916, 81; Fms 6, 331 (HSig ch. 88).

sources

AM 63 folx (Kx) 567r, 5 - 567r, 12 (Hkr)  image  
AM 39 fol (39) 28va, 17 - 28va, 17 (Hkr)  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 50ra, 27 - 50ra, 30 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
AM 47 fol (E) 23r, 11 - 23r, 13 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 287r, 9 - 287r, 16 (Hkr)  image  
AM 66 fol (H) 59r, 14 - 59r, 14 (H-Hr)  image  image  image  image  
GKS 1010 fol (Hr) 43rb, 15 - 43rb, 15 (H-Hr)  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated