Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hallar-Steinn (HSt)

12th century; volume 1; ed. Rolf Stavnem;

1. Rekstefja (Rst) - 35

Skj info: Hallar-Steinn, Islandsk skjald, 12. årh. (AI, 543-53, BI, 525-35).

Skj poems:
1. Rekstefja
2. a. Af et digt om en kvinde
2. b. Af et digt om Skáldhelgi(?)

Nothing is known about this skald (HSt) except what can be deduced from his nickname, which has been identified with the farm-name Höll, in Þverárhlíð, Mýrasýsla, western Iceland (Finnur Jónsson 1907, 185), and from the poetry attributed to him. His main extant work is the drápa Rekstefja (HSt Rst), whose ambitious praise of Óláfr Tryggvason might well point to Iceland at the end of the twelfth century or somewhat later (see Skj, and Introduction to the poem below). Hallar-Steinn has been identified (e.g. by Wisén 1886-9, I, 143) with the eleventh-century poet Steinn Herdísarson (SteinnII), but this is implausible. HSt Frag 1, of uncertain origin but probably attributable to this poet, may also commemorate Óláfr Tryggvason, while HSt Frag 2-5III represent a love-lorn poet. These fragments are preserved only in treatises on poetics and grammar, and are therefore edited in SkP III, as are two further fragments, HSt Frag 6-7III.

Rekstefja (‘Split-refrain’) — HSt RstI

Rolf Stavnem 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Hallar-Steinn, Rekstefja’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 893.

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Skj: Hallar-Steinn: 1. Rekstefja (AI, 543-52, BI, 525-34); stanzas (if different): 3 | 4 | 5

SkP info: I, 933

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

31 — HSt Rst 31I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Rolf Stavnem (ed.) 2012, ‘Hallar-Steinn, Rekstefja 31’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 933.

Ǫrrjóðr allra dáða
jartegnir vann bjartar
— dvergregn* dýrðar megnum
dimmt — í sinn it fimta.
Sigrgjarn sólu fegri
sénn vas skrýddr með prýddum
dǫglingr dróttins englum
dyggðar fúss í húsi.

 

{The arrow-reddener} [WARRIOR = Óláfr] performed bright proofs of all [his] deeds for the fifth time; we [I] strengthen {the dark dwarf-rain} [POETRY] of glory. The victory-willing prince, eager for virtue, was seen arrayed more beautifully than the sun with the adorned angels of the Lord in a house.

context: See Context to sts 29 and 30. Óláfr’s curious retainer Þorkell is finally allowed to follow Óláfr on one of his nightly excursions. In a clearing in a wood he sees the king in a house praying, attended by beings who appear to be angels.

texts: Flat 323, ÓT 149

editions: Skj Hallar-Steinn: 1. Rekstefja 31 (AI, 551; BI, 533); Skald I, 259, NN §§1185, 3122; ÓT 1958-2000, II, 236 (ch. 239), Flat 1860-8, I, 468; SHI 3, 264-5, CPB II, 299, Wisén 1886-9, I, 49-50, Finnur Jónsson 1893b, 164, Konráð Gíslason 1895-7, I, 278-81.

sources

Holm perg 1 fol (Bb*) 112rb, 31 - 112rb, 35  transcr.  image  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 64vb, 4 - 64vb, 7 (ÓT)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 59va, 16 - 59va, 19 (ÓT)  transcr.  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb*) 95rb, 7 - 95rb, 10 (ÓT)  transcr.  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 62rb, 59 - 62va, 2 (ÓT)  transcr.  image  image  image  
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