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Runic Dictionary

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ESk Frag 18III l. 3

varra — of the wake

lemma:

1. varr (noun m.): wake

readings:

[3] varra: ‘vorv’ R, fóru Tˣ, ‘varv’ A, ‘varo’ 744ˣ, ‘vara’ C

notes:

[3] varra (m. gen. pl.) ‘of the wake’: The ms. variants make no sense in this context, and the emendation is in keeping with earlier eds. Vǫrr can either mean ‘wake (of a ship)’ or ‘oar-stroke’, both of which are suitable as determinants in a kenning for ‘ship’. See also Note to Frag 12/2 above. — [3] á við varra ‘on the wood of the wake [SHIP]’: Skj B separates the preposition á ‘on’ from the following nominal phrase and construes a prepositional phrase á vini óra ‘on our friends’, taking við varra ‘the wood of the wake’ as the object of kyrrðu ‘calmed’ (past inf., l. 2). Such a word order is otherwise unattested in skaldic syntax (see NN §961).

kennings:

grammar:

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