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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Bjark 4III l. 1: Gramr ‘prince’
Anon Eirm 5I l. 3: grami ‘the prince’
Anon Heil 20VII l. 7: gram ‘the king’
Kálf Kátr 31VII l. 6: grams ‘king’
Kálf Kátr 37VII l. 7: grams ‘of the king’
Anon Leið 25VII l. 5: Gramr ‘The king’
Anon Leið 29VII l. 5: Gramr ‘The king’
Anon Leið 33VII l. 5: Gramr ‘The king’
Anon Leið 45VII l. 6: gramr ‘prince’
Anon Líkn 22VII l. 2: gramr ‘king’
Anon Líkn 22VII l. 6: gramr ‘king’
Anon Líkn 24VII l. 1: gramr ‘king’
Anon Líkn 30VII l. 7: grams ‘king’
Anon Líkn 42VII l. 8: gramr ‘king’
Anon Mgr 42VII l. 2: grams ‘of the ruler’
Anon Nikdr 2III l. 4: grams ‘of the ruler’
Anon Nkt 7II l. 1: gramr ‘The monarch’
Anon Nkt 13II l. 1: gramr ‘The lord’
Anon Nkt 40II l. 5: gramr ‘lord’
Anon Nkt 56II l. 3: grams ‘of the lord’
Anon Nkt 59II l. 5: gramr ‘lord’
Anon Nkt 60II l. 10: gramr ‘ruler’
Anon Nkt 63II l. 7: gram* ‘ruler’
Anon Óldr 9I l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
Anon Óldr 15I l. 5: gram ‘prince’
Anon Óldr 17I l. 8: grams ‘the ruler’s’
Anon Óldr 18I l. 4: grams ‘the lord’s’
Anon Pét 26VII l. 4: gramr ‘The king’
Anon Pét 46VII l. 5: gramr ‘the king’
Anon Pl 7VII l. 8: gram ‘the ruler’
Anon Pl 25VII l. 2: gram ‘the prince’
Anon Pl 33VII l. 2: gramr ‘the king’
Anon Pl 34VII l. 1: gramr ‘The king’
Anon Pl 34VII l. 8: gramr ‘the king’
Anon Pl 41VII l. 3: grams ‘king’
Anon Pl 43VII l. 2: gramr ‘the king’
Anon Pl 44VII l. 2: gramr ‘king’
Anon Pl 57VII l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
Anon Pl 59VII l. 5: gramr ‘king’
Anon Mlag 3II l. 6: grams ‘prince’
Anon Ól 7I l. 5: gramr ‘prince’
Arn Hardr 5II l. 7: grams ‘of the fierce lord’
Arn Hardr 15II l. 8: grams ‘lord’
Arn Hardr 16II l. 4: gram ‘lord’
Arn Hryn 3II l. 4: gramr ‘prince’
Arn Hryn 3II l. 6: gramr ‘prince’
Arn Hryn 8II l. 4: gramr ‘lord’
Arn Hryn 13II l. 6: grams ‘lord’
Arn Hryn 20II l. 2: gramr ‘lord’
Arn Magndr 3II l. 7: gram* ‘the prince’
Arn Magndr 4II l. 6: gram ‘the lord’
Arn Magndr 6II l. 8: gramr ‘the monarch’
Arn Magndr 9II l. 4: gramr ‘the sovereign’
Arn Magndr 14II l. 4: gramr ‘The monarch’
Arn Magndr 18II l. 2: gramr ‘lord’
Arn Magndr 19II l. 3: grams ‘lord’
Arn Þorfdr 3II l. 3: gramr ‘the lord’
Arn Þorfdr 8II l. 5: grams ‘the ruler’s’
Arn Þorfdr 12II l. 3: grams ‘of the ruler’
Arn Þorfdr 15II l. 4: gram ‘lord’
Arn Þorfdr 22II l. 1: Gramr ‘ruler’
BjHall Kálffl 4I l. 8: gramr ‘The lord’
BjHall Kálffl 5I l. 8: gramr ‘the king’
Bkrepp Magndr 10II l. 7: gramr ‘lord’
Bǫlv Hardr 1II l. 5: gramr ‘ruler’
Bǫlv Hardr 6II l. 1: Gramr ‘ruler’
ESk Geisl 12VII l. 4: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 13VII l. 7: gramr ‘a king’
ESk Geisl 15VII l. 8: gramr ‘The king’
ESk Geisl 16VII l. 8: gram ‘king’
ESk Geisl 17VII l. 6: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 18VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 20VII l. 3: gramr ‘king’
ESk Geisl 21VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 24VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 27VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 28VII l. 4: gram ‘prince’
ESk Geisl 28VII l. 6 [variant]: gramr ‘’
ESk Geisl 30VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 33VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 34VII l. 4: grams ‘of the king’
ESk Geisl 36VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 39VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 42VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 44VII l. 4: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 45VII l. 8: gram ‘the king’
ESk Geisl 57VII l. 8: gram ‘king’
ESk Geisl 61VII l. 2: gramr ‘king’
ESk Geisl 70VII l. 5: gramr ‘king’
ESk Ingdr 2II l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
ESk Run 2II l. 3: gramr ‘The ruler’
ESk Sigdr I 1II l. 7: gramr ‘ruler’
ESk Sigdr I 2II l. 7: gramr ‘ruler’
ESk Sigdr I 4II l. 1: gramr ‘ruler’
ESk Sigdr II 1II l. 7: gramr ‘lord’
ESk Lv 2II l. 3: gramr ‘leader’
Edáð Banddr 5I l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eil Þdr 20III l. 2: gramr ‘The ruler’
Ekúl Kristdr 3III l. 3: gramr ‘prince’
Eskál Hákdr 1I l. 8: gram ‘ruler’
Eskál Vell 6I l. 4: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eskál Vell 20I l. 4: gram ‘the ruler’
Eskál Vell 23I l. 2: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eskál Vell 26I l. 8: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eskál Vell 26I l. 8 [variant]: gram ‘’
Eskál Vell 28I l. 7: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eskál Vell 30I l. 7: gramr ‘the ruler’
Eskál Lv 1aI l. 6 [variant]: gram ‘’
Eskál Lv 2aI l. 6: gram ‘the ruler’
Eskál Lv 2aI l. 6 [variant]: grams ‘’
Eþver Lv 1I l. 3: gramr ‘the prince is’
Eyv Hál 1I l. 7 [variant]: grams ‘’
Eyv Hák 4I l. 7: gramr ‘ruler’
Eyv Hák 4I l. 7 [variant]: gram ‘’
Eyv Hák 14I l. 3: grami ‘the monarch’
Eyv Hák 19I l. 2: gramr ‘monarch’
Eyv Lv 4I l. 8: gram ‘king’
Eyv Lv 6I l. 8: grams ‘the king’
Eyv Lv 6I l. 8 [variant]: gram ‘’
Gamlkan Has 14VII l. 6: gramr ‘king’
Gamlkan Has 18VII l. 2: gramr ‘prince’
Gamlkan Has 22VII l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
Gamlkan Has 34VII l. 8: gram ‘the prince’
Gamlkan Has 43VII l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
Gamlkan Has 52VII l. 2: gram ‘prince’
Gamlkan Has 60VII l. 7: grams ‘of the prince’
Ggnæv Þórr 1III l. 1: gramr ‘the ruler’
Gísl Magnkv 1II l. 3: gram ‘lord’
Gísl Magnkv 8II l. 1: Gramr ‘The ruler’
Gísl Magnkv 9II l. 4: gram ‘the lord’
Gísl Magnkv 17II l. 4: gramr ‘The ruler’
Glúmr Gráf 4I l. 7: gramr ‘the prince’
Grani Har 1II l. 6: grams ‘chieftain’
Gsind Hákdr 8I l. 5: gramr ‘The king’
GunnLeif Merl II 35VIII (Bret 35) l. 5: gramr ‘The cruel one <sword>’
GunnLeif Merl II 38VIII (Bret 38) l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
GunnLeif Merl I 8VIII (Bret 76) l. 4: gramr ‘lord’
GunnLeif Merl I 27VIII (Bret 95) l. 3: gramr ‘king’
GunnLeif Merl I 28VIII (Bret 96) l. 2: grams ‘king’
GunnLeif Merl I 37VIII (Bret 105) l. 5: gramr ‘king’
GunnLeif Merl I 60VIII (Bret 128) l. 4: grami ‘to {the lord’
GunnLeif Merl I 61VIII (Bret 129) l. 2: grams ‘The king’s’
Gunnh Lv 1I l. 4: gramr ‘the prince’
HSn Magndr 1III l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
HSn Lv 2II l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
HSt Rst 3I l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
HSt Rst 16I l. 6: gram ‘the king’
HSt Rst 19I l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
HSt Rst 25I l. 4: gramr ‘The prince’
HSt Rst 26I l. 6: grams ‘of the prince’
HSt Rst 33I l. 8: gram ‘the lord’
Halli XI Fl 1II l. 1: gramr ‘The king’
Halli XI Fl 3II l. 2: gramr ‘king’
Hfr ErfÓl 1I l. 3: gram ‘believe’
Hfr ErfÓl 3I l. 4 [variant]: gram ‘’
Hfr ErfÓl 6I l. 5: gramr ‘The prince’
Hfr ErfÓl 14I l. 2: gram ‘ruler’
Hfr ErfÓl 17I l. 7: gram ‘ruler’
Hfr ErfÓl 18I l. 6: gramr ‘the lord’
Hfr ErfÓl 20I l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
Hfr ErfÓl 21I l. 2: gram ‘lord’
Hfr ErfÓl 23I l. 5: Grams ‘ruler’
Hfr ErfÓl 28I l. 2: gram ‘the king’s’
Hfr Hákdr 4III l. 1: Grams ‘prince’s’
Hfr Óldr 3I l. 4 [variant]: gram ‘’
Hjǫrtr Lv 1II l. 2: gramr ‘The ruler’
Hókr Eirfl 1I l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
Hókr Eirfl 6I l. 6: gram ‘lord [Óláfr]’
Hskv Hardr 2II l. 3: gramr ‘ruler [= Magnús]’
Hskv Hardr 3II l. 3: gramr ‘the lord’
Hskv Hardr 3II l. 5: gramr ‘The lord’
Hskv Útdr 1II l. 4: gram ‘monarch’
Hskv Útdr 2II l. 6: gram ‘lord’
Hskv Útdr 10II l. 4: grams ‘the ruler’s’
Hskv Útdr 12II l. 3: grams ‘of the ruler’
Ill Har 2II l. 2: gramr ‘ruler’
Ív Sig 16II l. 4: grams ‘the lord’s’
Ív Sig 18II l. 4: gram ‘the lord’
Ív Sig 21II l. 3: gramr ‘lord’
Ív Sig 28II l. 3: gramr ‘lord’
Ív Sig 45II l. 6: gramr ‘The lord’
Jǫk Lv 1I l. 7: gramr ‘the king’
Kolli Ingdr 4II l. 2: gram ‘the ruler’
KormǪ Sigdr 6III l. 8: Gramr ‘Gramr’
Leiðólfr Frag 1III l. 2: grams ‘ruler’
Mark Eirdr 12II l. 2: gramr ‘prince’
Mark Eirdr 23II l. 6: gramr ‘the king’
Mark Frag 1III l. 1: Gramr ‘The ruler’
Okík Magn 2II l. 6: grams ‘the ruler’s’
Ólhelg Lv 5I l. 8: gramr ‘The king’
Ólhelg Lv 7I l. 6 [variant]: gram ‘’
Ólhv Hryn 9II l. 6: gramr ‘the king’
Ólhv Hryn 10II l. 7: gramr ‘the king’
Ólhv Hryn 12II l. 6: gramr ‘The leader’
Ótt Hfl 2I l. 4: gram ‘king’
Ótt Hfl 17I l. 8: gramr ‘ruler’
Ótt Knútdr 5I l. 2: gramr ‘King’
Ótt Óldr 6III l. 4: gramr ‘the ruler’
Rv Lv 14II l. 6: gram ‘the prince’
RvHbreiðm Hl 11III l. 5: gramr ‘ruler’
RvHbreiðm Hl 18III l. 1: Gramr ‘ruler’
RvHbreiðm Hl 23III l. 2: gram ‘the hero’
RvHbreiðm Hl 24III l. 2: gramr ‘hero’
RvHbreiðm Hl 29III l. 4: gramr ‘lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 30III l. 6: gramr ‘lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 43III l. 7: grams ‘of the ruler’
RvHbreiðm Hl 51III l. 6: gram ‘prince’
RvHbreiðm Hl 63III l. 7: gramr ‘the lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 65III l. 2: gram ‘ruler’
RvHbreiðm Hl 70III l. 1: grams ‘of the lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 71III l. 5: gramr ‘The ruler’
RvHbreiðm Hl 75III l. 4: gram ‘the lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 77III l. 7: gramr ‘lord’
RvHbreiðm Hl 80III l. 3: gramr ‘monarch’
Sigv Austv 13I l. 3: grams ‘of the lord’
Sigv Berv 1II l. 2: gram ‘the lord’
Sigv Berv 2II l. 1: gram ‘the lord’
Sigv Berv 3II l. 2: gram ‘lord’
Sigv ErfÓl 4I l. 2: gram ‘prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 7I l. 6: gram ‘prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 8I l. 6: gram ‘prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 12I l. 3: gram ‘the prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 14I l. 7: gramr ‘prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 16I l. 2: gramr ‘prince’
Sigv ErfÓl 19I l. 2: gram ‘of the ruler’
Sigv ErfÓl 20I l. 5: gram ‘ruler’
Sigv ErfÓl 28I l. 2: gramr ‘The prince’
Sigv Knútdr 4I l. 2: gram ‘the ruler [Óláfr]’
Sigv Knútdr 5I l. 2: gramr ‘The lord’
Sigv Nesv 9I l. 5: gram ‘king’
Sigv Nesv 13I l. 4 [variant]: gram ‘’
Sigv Víkv 4I l. 1: gram ‘the prince’
Sigv Víkv 13I l. 5: gramr ‘The prince’
Sigv Vestv 2I l. 7 [variant]: grams ‘’
Sigv Vestv 8I l. 7: gram ‘kings’
Sigv Lv 5I l. 2: grams ‘prince [Óláfr]’
Sigv Lv 10I l. 2: gram ‘ruler’
Slembir Lv 1II l. 3: grams ‘of the ruler’
SnSt Ht 1III l. 7: gramr ‘the lord’
SnSt Ht 4III l. 4: gramr ‘lord’
SnSt Ht 8III l. 5: gramr ‘The ruler’
SnSt Ht 15III l. 6: gramr ‘the lord’
SnSt Ht 18III l. 6: gramr ‘lord’
SnSt Ht 19III l. 3: gram ‘the lord’
SnSt Ht 21III l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
SnSt Ht 22III l. 6: gram ‘prince’
SnSt Ht 36III l. 4: grams ‘of the lord’
SnSt Ht 37III l. 8: gram ‘the ruler’
SnSt Ht 44III l. 1: gram ‘The lord’
SnSt Ht 46III l. 7: gram ‘lord’
SnSt Ht 56III l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
SnSt Ht 59III l. 3: gramr ‘the ruler’
SnSt Ht 61III l. 2: gram ‘the ruler’
SnSt Ht 68III l. 3: gram ‘prince’
SnSt Ht 70III l. 5: grams ‘of the ruler’
SnSt Ht 80III l. 4: grams ‘about the ruler’
SnSt Ht 84III l. 1: gramr ‘The ruler’
SnSt Ht 86III l. 5: gramr ‘The ruler’
SnSt Ht 92III l. 1: grams ‘The lord’s’
SnSt Ht 94III l. 1: gramr ‘the lord’
Steinn Óldr 4II l. 8: gram ‘ruler’
Steinn Óldr 7II l. 3: gramr ‘ruler’
Steinn Óldr 8II l. 8: gram ‘ruler’
Steinn Óldr 11II l. 2: gramr ‘prince’
Steinn Óldr 13II l. 8: gram ‘ruler’
Steinn Óldr 16II l. 5: Grams ‘ruler’s’
Steinn Úlffl 1II l. 4: grams ‘the king’s’
Stúfr Stúfdr 3II l. 3: grams ‘of the prince’
Stúfr Stúfdr 8II l. 5: Gramr ‘prince’
Sturl Hákkv 25II l. 10: grams ‘of the prince’
Sturl Hákkv 26II l. 3: grams ‘of the lord’
Sturl Hákkv 35II l. 4: grams ‘of the ruler’
Sturl Hákkv 38II l. 7: gramr ‘lord’
Sturl Hákfl 6II l. 6: gram ‘ruler’
Sturl Hákfl 11II l. 7: grams ‘of the lord’
Sturl Hryn 1II l. 4: gramr ‘ruler’
Sturl Hryn 5II l. 8: gramr ‘The ruler’
Sturl Hryn 18II l. 7: gramr ‘ruler’
ÞKolb Eirdr 7I l. 8 [variant]: gram ‘’
ÞKolb Eirdr 8I l. 6: grams ‘the king’
ÞKolb Eirdr 9I l. 6 [variant]: gram ‘’
ÞKolb Eirdr 11I l. 6: gramr ‘the king [Knútr]’
ÞSjár Róðdr 1I l. 6: gramr ‘The sovereign’
ÞSjár Þórdr 1I l. 8: gram ‘the lord’
ÞSjár Þórdr 2I l. 7: gramr ‘the ruler’
Þfagr Sveinn 4II l. 7: gram ‘ruler’
Þfisk Lv 2II l. 4: gramr ‘The ruler’
Þfisk Lv 3II l. 7: gramr ‘the lord’
Þham Magndr 3II l. 7: gramr ‘the lord’
Þhorn Gldr 5I l. 1: gramr ‘The king’
Þhorn Gldr 6I l. 3: gramr ‘ruler’
Þjóð Haustl 18III l. 6: gramr ‘the ruler’
Þjóð Har 2I l. 7: gramr ‘The ruler’
Þjóð Yt 8I l. 13: gram ‘prince’
ÞjóðA Run 3II l. 4: grams ‘king’
ÞjóðA Magnfl 5II l. 8: gramr ‘the lord’
ÞjóðA Magnfl 8II l. 2: gramr ‘The king’
ÞjóðA Magnfl 17II l. 6: gramr ‘lord’
ÞjóðA Magnfl 18II l. 8: gramr ‘the prince’
ÞjóðA Sex 1II l. 2: gram ‘the ruler’
ÞjóðA Sex 17II l. 1: gram ‘lord’
ÞjóðA Sex 20II l. 2: gram ‘the king’
ÞjóðA Sex 21II l. 6: gramr ‘the king’
ÞjóðA Sex 28II l. 2: gramr ‘The king’
ÞjóðA Lv 3II l. 7: gramr ‘lord’
ÞjóðA Lv 4II l. 6: gramr ‘The lord’
ÞjóðA Lv 10II l. 4: grams ‘of the king’
Þjsk Sveindr 1I l. 3: gramr ‘ruler’
Þloft Glækv 5I l. 3: gramr ‘prince’
Þloft Tøgdr 1I l. 6: gramr ‘lord’
Þloft Tøgdr 2I l. 6: grams ‘The king’s’
Þorf Lv 1I l. 4: gramr ‘the prince’
Þorm Lv 18I l. 4: gram ‘the king’
Þorm Lv 23I l. 6: gram ‘the leader’
Þórálfr Frag 1III l. 2: gramr ‘The lord’
Þstf Stuttdr 1II l. 2: grami ‘lord’
Þstf Stuttdr 4II l. 1: gramr ‘monarch’
Tindr Hákdr 8I l. 8: gram ‘’
Anon (TGT) 3III l. 2 [variant]: gram ‘the prince’
Anon (FoGT) 8III l. 1: gram ‘prince’
Anon (FoGT) 12III l. 4: grams ‘king’
Anon (FoGT) 35III l. 3: gramr ‘the prince’
ǪrvOdd Lv 11VIII (Ǫrv 44) l. 7: gram ‘the ruler’
ǪrvOdd Ævdr 51VIII (Ǫrv 121) l. 8: gram ‘the chief’
Anon (ÓT) 3I l. 3: gramr ‘rulers’
Anon (ÓH) 1I l. 3: gramr ‘monarch’
Anon (MH) 1II l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
Anon (HSig) 9II l. 1: Gramr ‘prince’
Anon (Mberf) 5II l. 1: gramr ‘The lord’
Anon (Mberf) 7II l. 2: gramr ‘lord’
Anon Brúðv 1VII l. 6: gramr ‘king’
Anon Brúðv 28VII l. 6: gramr ‘king’
Anon Brúðv 33VII l. 2: gramr ‘the ruler’
StarkSt Vík 28VIII (Gautr 36) l. 6: gram ‘the ruler’s’
KrákÁsl Lv 10VIII (Ragn 31) l. 2: gramr ‘The leader’
Hálfr Innkv 2VIII (Hálf 17) l. 7: gramr ‘a prince’
Hálfr Innkv 4VIII (Hálf 21) l. 3: grams ‘the prince’s’
Hróksv Hrkv 11VIII (Hálf 61) l. 6: gram ‘prince’
Hróksv Hrkv 12VIII (Hálf 62) l. 4: gram ‘the prince’
Hróksv Hrkv 22VIII (Hálf 72) l. 3: gram ‘king’
Hjþ Lv 10VIII (HjǪ 30) l. 8: grams ‘of King’
Þul Sverða 1III l. 5: Gramr ‘Gramr’
Anon (SnE) 6III l. 2: grams ‘of the ruler’
Anon (SnE) 17III l. 4: gram ‘ruler’
Þfagr Frag 2III l. 1: gramr ‘ruler’
Þfagr Frag 3III l. 1: grams ‘of the lord’s’
Þul Konunga 1III l. 7: gramr ‘fierce one’
Grani Frag 1III l. 2: gramr ‘the lord’
Útsteinn Útkv 6VIII (Hálf 46) l. 5: gramr ‘the prince’
Ekúl Frag 1III l. 7: gram ‘the ruler’
ÞjóðA Har 7II l. 5: Gramr ‘The prince’
Ólhv Frag 3III l. 2: gram ‘lord’


indexed kennings:

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