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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Gísl ch. Add. 10

wordlemmaformchanges
Maður maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’nom. m. sg.
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
nefndur 2nefna (verb) ‘mention, name, call...’nom. m. pret. sg. participle;
Bjartmar. Bjartmarr (noun m.)nom. m. sg.
Hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
kom koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
út út (adv.) ‘out(side)...’
til til (prep.) ‘to...’
Íslands Ísland (noun n.) ‘[Iceland, ice-land]...’gen. n. sg.
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
Arnarfirði Arnarfjǫrðr (noun m.) ‘Arnarfjǫrðr...’dat. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
byggði 2byggja (verb) [°byggir/byggvir; byggði; byggðr] ‘inhabit, dwell; build, found...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
bœr (noun m.) [°-jar/-ar, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja/-a, dat. -jum/-um/bjóm/-am/-m, acc. -i/-ja/-a/bǿ] ‘farm, homestead...’acc. m. sg.
þann 1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’acc. m. sg.
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
Eyju 1ey (noun f.) [°-jar, dat. -ju/-; -jar] ‘island...’dat. f. sg.
hét. 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
Það hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. n. sg.
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
Arnarfjarðarbotni. Arnarfjarðarbotn (noun n.)dat. n. sg.
Bjartmar Bjartmarr (noun m.)nom. m. sg.
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
kvongaður kvánga (verb) ‘(refl.) marry...’nom. m. sg.
maður. maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’nom. m. sg.
Helgi Helgi (noun m.) ‘Helgi...’nom. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Sigurður Sigurðr (noun m.) ‘Sigurðr...’nom. m. sg.
hétu 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. pl.
synir sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’nom. m. pl.
hans. hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. m. sg.
Gunnhildur Gunnhildr (noun f.) ‘Gunnhildr...’nom. f. sg.
hét 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
dóttir dóttir (noun f.) [°dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])] ‘daughter...’nom. f. sg.
þeirra hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. n. pl.
Bjartmars. Bjartmarr (noun m.)gen. m. sg.
Hún hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
fríð fríðr (adj.) [°compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘beautiful, fair...’nom. f. sg.
kona kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’nom. f. sg.
sýnum. sýn (noun f.) [°-ar; -ir] ‘sight...’dat. f. pl.
Um 1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’
sumarið sumar (noun n.) [°-s; sumur/sumar] ‘summer...’acc. n. sg. definite form;
eftir eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’
kom koma (verb) [kem, kom/kvam, kominn] ‘come...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
skip skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’nom. n. sg.
af af (prep.) ‘from...’
hafi. haf (noun n.) [°-s; *-] ‘sea...’dat. n. sg.
1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’nom. m. sg.
maður maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’nom. m. sg.
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
nefndur 2nefna (verb) ‘mention, name, call...’nom. m. pret. sg. participle;
Vésteinn Vésteinn (noun m.) ‘Vésteinn...’nom. m. sg.
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
skipið skip (noun n.) [°-s; -] ‘ship...’nom. n. sg. definite form;
átti. 2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
Hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
vistaðist vista (verb)3rd pers. pret. sg. middle
um 1um (prep.) ‘about, around...’
veturinn vetr (noun m.) [°vetrar/vetrs(HómHauksb³ 173²³), dat. vetri; vetr] ‘winter...’acc. m. sg. definite form;
með með (prep.) ‘with...’
Bjartmari. Bjartmarr (noun m.)dat. m. sg.
Hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. sg.
gekk 2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
5at (nota) ‘to (with infinitive)...’
eiga 2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’infinitive;
Gunnhildi Gunnhildr (noun f.) ‘Gunnhildr...’acc. f. sg.
dóttur dóttir (noun f.) [°dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])] ‘daughter...’dat. f. sg.
hans. hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. m. sg.
Vésteinn Vésteinn (noun m.) ‘Vésteinn...’nom. m. sg.
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
allra allr (adj.) ‘all...’gen. m. pl.
manna maðr (noun m.) ‘man, person...’gen. m. pl.
vopnfimastur. nom. m. sg. superlative;
Þau 2þá (adv.) ‘then...’dat. f. sg.
Gunnhildur Gunnhildr (noun f.) ‘Gunnhildr...’nom. f. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Vésteinn Vésteinn (noun m.) ‘Vésteinn...’nom. m. sg.
áttu 2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’3rd pers. pret. pl.
tvö tveir (num. cardinal) ‘two...’acc. n. pl.
börn. barn (noun n.) [°-s; bǫrn/barn(JKr 345³), dat. bǫrnum/barnum] ‘child...’acc. n. pl.
Son sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’nom. unknown. sg.
þeirra hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. n. pl.
hét 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
Vésteinn Vésteinn (noun m.) ‘Vésteinn...’nom. m. sg.
en 2en (conj.) ‘but, and...’
Auður Auðr (noun f.) ‘Auðr...’nom. f. sg.
dóttir. dóttir (noun f.) [°dóttur, dat. dóttur/dǿtr/dóttir, acc. dóttur/dóttir, nom. dóttir/dóttur; dǿtr, gen. dǿtra (cf. [$1592$])] ‘daughter...’nom. f. sg.
Vésteinn Vésteinn (noun m.) ‘Vésteinn...’nom. m. sg.
Vésteinsson Vésteinsson (noun m.)nom. m. sg.
gerðist 1gera (verb) ‘do, make...’3rd pers. pret. sg. middle
fardrengur fardrengr (noun m.) [°; -ir]nom. m. sg.
góður góðr (adj.) ‘good...’nom. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
átti 2eiga (verb) [°á/eigr (præs. pl. 3. pers. eigu/eiga); átti, áttu; átt] ‘own, have...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
hann hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’acc. m. sg.
þó þó (adv.) ‘though...’
1 (noun n.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(Landsl 39ˆ, DN III (1367) 279¹‡, DN XII (*1348›AM 902 a) 73³⁰); -] ‘homestead...’acc. n. sg.
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
Önundarfirði (unlinked proper noun) (unclassified)dat. m. sg.
undir undir (prep.) ‘under...’
Hesti. hestr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘horse, stallion...’dat. m. sg.
Kona kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’nom. f. sg.
hans hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. m. sg.
hét 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
Hildur. 2Hildr (noun f.) ‘Hildr...’nom. f. sg.
Bergur 2Bergr (noun m.) ‘Bergr...’nom. m. sg.
hét 2heita (verb) ‘be called, promise...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
son sonr (noun m.) [°-ar, dat. syni; synir, acc. sonu, syni] ‘son...’acc. m. sg.
hans hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Helgi. Helgi (noun m.) ‘Helgi...’nom. m. sg.
Þá 2þá (adv.) ‘then...’
er 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
þetta 1sjá (pron.) [°gen. þessa dat. þessum/þeima, acc. þenna; f. sjá/þessi; n. þetta, dat. þessu/þvísa; pl. þessir] ‘this...’nom. n. sg.
var 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. sg.
tíðinda tíðindi (noun n.)gen. n. pl.
andaðist anda (verb) [°-að-] ‘breathe, live; (past part.) die...’3rd pers. pret. sg. middle
Þorbjörn Þórbjǫrn (noun m.) ‘Þórbjǫrn...’nom. m. sg.
súr 1súrr (noun m.) ‘°surhed, ?surdej...’nom. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Ísgerður (unlinked proper noun) (unclassified)nom. f. sg.
kona kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’nom. f. sg.
hans. hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’gen. m. sg.
Þeir hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’nom. m. pl.
Þorkell Þórkell (noun m.) ‘[Þorkell]...’nom. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Gísli 3Gísli (noun m.) ‘Gísli...’nom. m. sg.
tóku 2taka (verb) ‘take...’3rd pers. pret. pl.
þá 2þá (adv.) ‘then...’
við 2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’
búi 1 (noun n.) [°-s, dat. -i/-(Landsl 39ˆ, DN III (1367) 279¹‡, DN XII (*1348›AM 902 a) 73³⁰); -] ‘homestead...’dat. n. sg.
eftir eptir (prep.) ‘after, behind...’
þau. hann (pron.) [°gen. hans, dat. honum; f. hon, gen. hennar, acc. hana] ‘he, she, it, they, them......’acc. n. pl.
Þorbjörn Þórbjǫrn (noun m.) ‘Þórbjǫrn...’nom. m. sg.
og 3ok (conj.) ‘and, but; also...’
Ísgerður (unlinked proper noun) (unclassified)nom. f. sg.
voru 2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’3rd pers. pret. pl.
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
haug haugr (noun m.) [°-s, -i; -ar] ‘mound, cairn...’acc. m. sg.
lögð leggja (verb) ‘put, lay...’nom. f. pret. sg. participle;
í í (prep.) ‘in, into...’
Haukadal. Haukadalr (noun m.)dat. m. sg.
Litlu lítill (adj.) [°lítinn] ‘little...’dat. n. sg.
síðar síðarr (adv.) ‘later...’comparative;
biður biðja (verb) [°biðr; bað, báðu; beðinn (beiþ- Martin¹ 573‡, bỏþ- HákEirsp 661‰, cf. ed. intr. xl)] ‘ask for, order, pray...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
Þorkell Þórkell (noun m.) ‘[Þorkell]...’nom. m. sg.
sér 2sjá (verb) ‘see...’3rd pers. pres. sg.
konu. kona (noun f.) [°-u; -ur/-r(KlmA1980 116¹¹), gen. pl. kvenna/kvinna] ‘woman...’acc. f. sg.
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