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Data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas

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Grani skáld (Grani)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

III. Fragment (Frag) - 1

Grani (Grani) is unknown, and it is uncertain whether he was from Iceland or from Norway. Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 275) lists him among the poets of Haraldr Sigurðarson (‘Grani skáld’).

Fragment — Grani FragIII

Kari Ellen Gade 2017, ‘ Grani skáld, Fragment’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 196. <> (accessed 25 May 2022)

stanzas:  1 

Skj: Grani skáld: (AI, 387, BI, 357)

SkP info: III, 196

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Grani Frag 1III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2017, ‘Grani skáld, Fragment 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 196.

Glœðr hykk (Glamma slóðar)
— gramr eldi svá — felldu.

… {Slóðar Glamma} … ; hykk glœðr felldu … ; svá eldi gramr.

… {Of the track of Glammi <sea-king>} [SEA] … ; I believe that glowing embers felled … ; thus the lord kindled.

Mss: R(38v), Tˣ(40v), A(13v), B(6r), 744ˣ(38r), C(8r) (SnE)

Readings: [1] Glamma: gamlar Tˣ, A, 744ˣ;    slóðar: ‘flo᷎du’ Tˣ, flæðar A, 744ˣ    [2] felldu: fellda 744ˣ

Editions: Skj: Grani skáld, Digt om Harald hårdråde 3: AI, 387, BI, 357, Skald I, 179, NN §874; SnE 1848-87, I, 506-7, II, 454, 537, 602, SnE 1931, 178, SnE 1998, I, 98.

Context: Glœðr ‘glowing embers’ is given in Skm as one of several heiti for ‘fire’.

Notes: [All]: The couplet is too fragmentary to allow for a meaningful reconstructed reading. — [1] glœðr ‘glowing embers’: Feminine acc. pl. of glóð ‘red-hot ember, glowing material’. — [1] slóðar Glamma ‘of the track of Glammi <sea-king> [SEA]’: This is a kenning for ‘sea’ with the base-word in the gen., and it must have been a determinant in an extended kenning whose base-word was contained in the missing lines. Kock (NN §874) construes Glœðr hykk feldu, Glamma slóðar gramr eldi svá translated as Lågor, tror jag, fällde husen: havets konung brände så ‘Flames, I believe, destroyed the houses, the king of the ocean burned thus’ (ll. 1-2; assuming that ‘houses’ or something similar, the object of felldu, was present in a no longer extant line). That interpretation is strained because of the unparalleled kenning for ‘sea-king’ (gramr slóðar Glamma ‘ruler of the track of Glammi <sea-king>’). The A and 744ˣ variant, which can be normalised as gamlar flœðar f. acc. pl. ‘old floods’, makes no sense in the context, and ‘flo᷎du’ () cannot be construed in any meaningful way. For the sea-king Glammi, see Note to Þul Sea-kings l. 7. — [2] felldu ‘felled’: This is the past inf. of fella ‘fell, make fall’, and the object of this verb is likely to have been some type of wooden structure that was destroyed by the fire (cf. Kock’s conjecture above).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated