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Runic Dictionary

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Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld) (Gizsv)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;

III. Fragment (Frag) - 1

It is not certain whether Gizurr svarti ‘the Black’ (Gizsv) is the same man as Gizurr gullbrá(r) (‘Gold-eyelash’) or gullbrárskáld (‘Gold-eyelash’s poet’) or Gullbrárfóstri (‘Foster-kinsman of Gullbrá’, Flat 1860-8, II, 226). Skáldatal in the 761aˣ redaction (SnE 1848-87, III, 252, 253) lists Gizurr svarti as poet to Óláfr sœnski ‘the Swede’ Eiríksson and Gizurr Gullbrá as poet to Óláfr inn helgi Haraldsson (S. Óláfr), while the U redaction (ibid., 261 and n. 2) lists ‘Gizurr gullbr.’ under Óláfr Tryggvason, which has been taken as an error. A helmingr preserved in SnE and edited in SkP III (Gizsv FragIII) is attributed merely to ‘Gizurr’ and celebrates ‘Óláfr’, which does not help to disentangle the Óláfrs but may suggest that there is only one Gizurr, and this is supported by the fact that Gizurr svarti in ÓHLeg equates with Gizurr gullbrár elsewhere, and that the chronology is compatible. Gizurr gullbrá is introduced in ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 358) as the foster-father of Hofgarða-Refr, which, as Finnur Jónsson mentions (LH I, 567), would make him a man of at least fifty when he followed King Óláfr Haraldsson to Garðaríki (Russia) in the late 1020s (Flat 1860-8, II, 315) and fought for him at Stiklastaðir (Stiklestad) in 1030. Gizurr’s death in the battle is mentioned along with that of his fellow skald Þorfinnr munnr (ÓHHkr, ÍF 27, 381), and his heroic defence is commemorated in Refr Giz 1III.

Fragment — Gizsv FragIII

Diana Whaley 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld), Fragment’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 192.

stanzas:  1 

Skj: Gizurr gullbrárskáld: 1. Af et fyrstedigt (AI, 316, BI, 292); stanzas (if different): [v]

SkP info: III, 192

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Gizsv Frag 1III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Diana Whaley (ed.) 2017, ‘Gizurr svarti (gullbrárskáld), Fragment 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 192.

Fylkir gleðr í folki
flagðs blakk ok svan Hlakkar;
Ôleifr of viðr élum
Yggs gǫgl fegin Skǫglar.

Fylkir gleðr {blakk flagðs} ok {svan Hlakkar} í folki; Ôleifr of viðr {gǫgl Yggs} fegin {élum Skǫglar}.

The ruler gladdens {the steed of the troll-woman} [WOLF] and {the swan of Hlǫkk <valkyrie>} [RAVEN/EAGLE] in battle; Óláfr makes {the goslings of Yggr <= Óðinn>} [RAVENS] joyful {with the storms of Skǫgul <valkyrie>} [BATTLES].

texts: Skm 386, SnE 388

editions: Skj Gizurr gullbrárskáld: 1. Af et fyrstedigt (AI, 316; BI, 292); Skald I, 149, NN §1937B; SnE 1848-87, I, 512-3, II, 545, 604, III, 107, SnE 1931, 180, SnE 1998, I, 99.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 39r, 13 - 39r, 14 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 40v, 31 - 40v, 31 (SnE)  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 7r, 4 - 7r, 5 (SnE)  image  image  image  image  
AM 744 4°x (744x) 46r - 46r (SnE)  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 8v, 5 - 8v, 6 (SnE)  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 124r - 124r  image  
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