Gísl Illugason (Gísl)
12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;
1. Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr (Magnkv) - 20
2. Lausavísa (Lv) - 1
Gísl belonged to the Icel. family of the Gilsbekkingar, who were said to be descendants of the C9th poet Bragi inn gamli ‘the Old’ Boddason (BragiIII). Gísl was the great-grandson of the skald Tindr Hallkelsson (TindrI), the uncle of poet Gunnlaugr ormstunga ‘Serpent-tongue’ Illugason (GunnlIV). See ÍF 3, 331, Genealogies II a-b in ÍF 3 and SnE 1848-97, III, 625-6. Details about Gísl’s life are given in Gísls þáttr Illugasonar (GíslIll) in H-Hr (Fms 7, 29-40; ÍF 3, 329-42) and in Jóns saga helga (JBp; JBp 2003, 10, 63-72). Gísl was born in 1079, and when he was six years old, his father was killed by a certain Gjafvaldr, a slaying Gísl later avenged. King Magnús berfœttr ‘Barelegs’ Óláfsson sentenced Gísl to death for the killing of Gjafvaldr, who was one of his retainers, but Gísl escaped execution (see Gísl Lv below). He then travelled with Magnús to Ireland in charge of hostages and became Magnús’s court poet (Skáldatal, SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 276). He also seems to have participated in Magnús’s expedition to the west in 1098 and in his campaign in Sweden (c. 1100-2; see Magnkv 11 and 19). Gísl later lived in Iceland until old age and had one son, Einarr (JBp 2003, 72). In addition to the memorial poem below composed about Magnús berfœttr, Gísl is said to have composed another encomium to Magnús on the occasion described in the lv. below, but no sts from that poem survive (see SnE 1848-87, III, 626-7; ÍF 3, 340-1).
Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr —
Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 416-30.
Skj: Gísl Illugason: 1. Erfikvæði um Magnús berfœtt, o. 1104 (AI, 440-4, BI, 409-13)
SkP info: II, 419
4 — Gísl Magnkv 4II
Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 419.
|Átti hilmir húsþing við sæ;
þat vas fyr innan Ǫrvahamra.
|Bjósk at brenna, en búendr flýðu,|
stórráðr konungr, af Staði útan.
Hilmir átti húsþing við sæ; þat vas fyr innan Ǫrvahamra. Stórráðr konungr bjósk at brenna, en búendr flýðu útan af Staði.
The ruler convened an assembly by the sea; that was on the inner side of Ǫrvahamrar. The imperious king prepared to burn, and farmers fled out from Stadsbygd.
Mss: Mork(21v) (Mork); H(82r), Hr(57vb) (H-Hr); F(57ra)
Readings:  af: fyr Hr, F; útan: innan F
Editions: Skj: Gísl Illugason, 1. Erfikvæði um Magnús berfœtt 4: AI, 440, BI, 410, Skald I, 202; Mork 1867, 133, Mork 1928-32, 301, Andersson and Gade 2000, 288, 484 (Mberf); Fms 7, 8-9 (Mberf ch. 5); F 1871, 263 (Mberf).
Context: Magnús held an assembly with his men when he arrived in
Notes:  húsþing ‘an assembly’: A húsþing (> OE hūsting) was an assembly to which a king or chieftain summoned his followers (warriors and retainers), as distinct from a general assembly (þing). See Fritzner: húsþing and the literature cited there. —  Ǫrvahamra: Lit. ‘Arrow-crags’. This p. n. has not been identified. —  útan af Staði ‘out from Stadsbygd’: Located in Rissa parish, north-east of Trondheimsfjorden.