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Gísl Illugason (Gísl)

12th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

1. Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr (Magnkv) - 20

Gísl belonged to the Icel. family of the Gilsbekkingar, who were said to be descendants of the C9th poet Bragi inn gamli ‘the Old’ Boddason (BragiIII). Gísl was the great-grandson of the skald Tindr Hallkelsson (TindrI), the uncle of poet Gunnlaugr ormstunga ‘Serpent-tongue’ Illugason (GunnlIV). See ÍF 3, 331, Genealogies II a-b in ÍF 3 and SnE 1848-97, III, 625-6. Details about Gísl’s life are given in Gísls þáttr Illugasonar (GíslIll) in H-Hr (Fms 7, 29-40; ÍF 3, 329-42) and in Jóns saga helga (JBp; JBp 2003, 10, 63-72). Gísl was born in 1079, and when he was six years old, his father was killed by a certain Gjafvaldr, a slaying Gísl later avenged. King Magnús berfœttr ‘Barelegs’ Óláfsson sentenced Gísl to death for the killing of Gjafvaldr, who was one of his retainers, but Gísl escaped execution (see Gísl Lv below). He then travelled with Magnús to Ireland in charge of hostages and became Magnús’s court poet (Skáldatal, SnE 1848-87, III, 254, 262, 276). He also seems to have participated in Magnús’s expedition to the west in 1098 and in his campaign in Sweden (c. 1100-2; see Magnkv 11 and 19). Gísl later lived in Iceland until old age and had one son, Einarr (JBp 2003, 72). In addition to the memorial poem below composed about Magnús berfœttr, Gísl is said to have composed another encomium to Magnús on the occasion described in the lv. below, but no sts from that poem survive (see SnE 1848-87, III, 626-7; ÍF 3, 340-1).

Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr — Gísl MagnkvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 416-30.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20 

Skj: Gísl Illugason: 1. Erfikvæði um Magnús berfœtt, o. 1104 (AI, 440-4, BI, 409-13)

SkP info: II, 424-5

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

12 — Gísl Magnkv 12II

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Gísl Illugason, Erfikvæði about Magnús berfœttr 12’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 424-5.

Margan hǫfðu        Magnúss liðar
bjǫrtum oddi        baugvang skorit.
Varð hertoga        hlíf at springa
kapps vel skipuð        fyr konungs darri.

Liðar Magnúss hǫfðu skorit {margan baugvang} bjǫrtum oddi. Hlíf hertoga, kapps vel skipuð, varð at springa fyr darri konungs.

Magnús’s companions had cut {many a ring-meadow} [SHIELD] with the bright spear-point. The shield of the army-leader, magnificently equipped, was forced to shatter by the king’s spear.

Mss: Mork(23r) (Mork); H(89r), Hr(61va) (H-Hr); F(58vb)

Readings: [1] Margan: Margir F    [4] baug‑: borð‑ F;    skorit: skotit Hr, skotinn F    [7] skipuð: skrifuð F

Editions: Skj: Gísl Illugason, 1. Erfikvæði um Magnús berfœtt 12: AI, 442, BI, 411, Skald I, 203; Mork 1867, 145, Mork 1928-32, 320, Andersson and Gade 2000, 301, 486 (Mberf); Fms 7, 45 (Mberf ch. 22); F 1871, 271 (Mberf).

Context: As sts 10-11 above.

Notes: [6] hlíf ‘shield’: Lit. ‘protection’, but commonly used in the meaning ‘shield’ in skaldic poetry (see LP: hlíf; Falk 1914, 139). — [7] kapps vel skipuð ‘magnificently equipped’: Kapps vel skrifuð ‘magnificently painted’ (so F) is possible and would mean that Hugh’s shield was painted or adorned (so Skj B; Skald). For the custom of adorning shields with painted images, see Falk 1914b, 144-7. Kapps (n. gen. sg.) vel is used adverbially before the adj. skipuð ‘equipped’ with an intensifying meaning (‘magnificently’). — [8] fyr darri konungs ‘by the king’s spear’: A light spear designed for throwing (see Falk 1914, 74).

Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated