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Runic Dictionary

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Gamli gnævaðarskáld (Ggnæv)

10th century; volume 3; ed. Margaret Clunies Ross;

2. Fragment (Frag) - 1

Only two helmingar composed by Gamli gnævaðarskáld (Ggnæv) are known, both recorded in mss of SnE (SnE 1998, I, 16, 103). Nothing is known of Gamli’s origin or dates, though the pagan subject-matter of Ggnæv Þórr has suggested a date in the tenth century (Skj; SnE 1998, I, 222). Previous editors have assumed he was an Icelander, though there is no proof of this. The nickname gnævaðarskáld is recorded in SnE (SnE 1998, I, 103), though its meaning is uncertain. It may derive from the verb gnæfa ‘to tower high’. Faulkes (SnE 1998, II, 460) speculates that the name may indicate that Gamli composed about someone with the nickname Gnævaðr ‘raised high, towering’; Lind (1920-1, cols. 113-14). It is assumed, though without certainty, that the Gamli credited with the Poem about Þórr (Ggnæv Þórr) is the same as the Gamli gnævaðarskáld credited with the Fragment, though only in the latter case is the nickname mentioned in the mss.

Fragment — Ggnæv FragIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gamli gnævaðarskáld, Fragment’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 190.

stanzas:  1 

Skj: Gamli gnævaðarskáld: 2. Af et fyrstedigt el. heltedigt(?) (AI, 140, BI, 132); stanzas (if different): [v]

SkP info: III, 190

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Ggnæv Frag 1III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Gamli gnævaðarskáld, Fragment 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 190.

Ǫðlingr drap sér ungum
ungr naglfara á tungu
innanborðs ok orða
aflgerð meðalkafla.

Ungr ǫðlingr drap sér ungum innanborðs á aflgerð {tungu naglfara} ok {orða meðalkafla}.

The young ruler launched himself on board ship while young on the powerful activity {of the language of the nail-studded one <sword>} [BATTLE] and {the words of the sword-hilt} [BATTLE].

texts: Skm 406, SnE 408

editions: Skj Gamli gnævaðarskáld: 2. Af et fyrstedigt el. heltedigt(?) (AI, 140; BI, 132); Skald I, 73, NN §422; SnE 1848-87, I, 524-5, II, 344, 462, 541, 608, III, 109, SnE 1931, 184, SnE 1998, I, 103.

sources

GKS 2367 4° (R) 40r, 8 - 40r, 10 (SnE)  image  image  image  
Traj 1374x (Tx) 41v, 21 - 41v, 22 (SnE)  image  
DG 11 (U) 37v, 14 - 37v, 15 (SnE)  image  
AM 748 I b 4° (A) 15r, 30 - 15r, 31 (SnE)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 757 a 4° (B) 6v, 22 - 6v, 23 (SnE)  image  image  image  image  
AM 744 4°x (744x) 42v, 4 - 42v, 7 (SnE)  image  
AM 748 II 4° (C) 9r, 27 - 9r, 29 (SnE)  image  image  
AM 761 b 4°x (761bx) 108r - 108r  image  
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