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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

III. 1. Bjarkamál in fornu (Bjark) - 7

not in Skj

2.1: Bjarkamál in fornu (‘The (Old) Speeches of Bjarki’) — Anon BjarkIII

Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Bjarkamál in fornu’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 495.

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7 

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X]: II. A. Bjarkamál en fornu (AI, 180-1, BI, 170-1)

SkP info: III, 499

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

3 — Anon Bjark 3III

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Poems, Bjarkamál in fornu 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 499.

Hniginns í hadd jarðar         Hrólfr inn stórláti.

Hrólfr inn stórláti [e]s hniginn í {hadd jarðar}.

Hrólfr the Munificent has sunk into {the hair of the earth} [GRASS].

Mss: papp10ˣ(42r), 2368ˣ(90), 743ˣ(71v) (LaufE)

Editions: Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X], II. A. Bjarkamál en fornu 3: AI, 181, BI, 170, Skald I, 91; LaufE 1979, 272, 345.

Context: In mss of LaufE this fragment is introduced as an example of heiti and kennings for ‘grass’ and said to be from Bjark. The kenning is given in the prose text as fax jarðarinnar ‘mane of the earth’.

Notes: [All]: Assuming this pair of lines belongs to Bjark, it presumably comes from a section describing King Hrólfr kraki’s last stand and death. — [1] hadd jarðar ‘the hair of the earth [GRASS]’: Cf. Meissner 89. Kennings for ‘grass’ compared to hair are uncommon and all those extant date from the C14th.; cf. Snjólfr V 1/2IV í  föx jarðar ‘into the mane of the earth’ and Arngr Gd 25/3IV and 44/1IV, a poem that dates itself to 1345. Cf. the Prologue to SnE (SnE 2005, 3) where it is said that the inhabitants of the world who had lost knowledge of their creator compared the grass of the earth to the hair and feathers of animals and birds.

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