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Runic Dictionary

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Heimskringla (Hkr)

prose works

Ynglinga saga (Yng) - 105

Ynglinga sagaYngII

Not published: do not cite (YngII)

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10b — Hkr Yng 10bII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references grammar quiz

 

[excerpt from] Yng 10b

10b. [Dauði Freys / The Death of Freyr]

Freyr tók þá ríki eftir Njörð. Var hann kallaður drottinn yfir Svíum og tók skattgjafar af þeim. Hann var vinsæll og ársæll sem faðir hans. Freyr reisti að Uppsölum hof mikið og setti þar höfuðstað sinn, lagði þar til allar skyldir sínar, lönd og lausan eyri. Þá hófst Uppsalaauður og hefir haldist æ síðan. Á hans dögum hófst Fróðafriður. Þá var og ár um öll lönd. Kenndu Svíar það Frey. Var hann því meir dýrkaður en önnur goðin sem á hans dögum varð landsfólkið auðgara en fyrr af friðinum og ári.Gerður Gymisdóttir hét kona hans. Sonur þeirra hét Fjölnir. Freyr hét Yngvi öðru nafni. Yngva nafn var lengi síðan haft í hans ætt fyrir tignarnafn og Ynglingar voru síðan kallaðir hans ættmenn.

Freyr tók sótt en er að honum leið sóttin leituðu menn sér ráðs og létu fá menn til hans koma en bjuggu haug mikinn og létu dyr á og þrjá glugga. En er Freyr var dauður báru þeir hann leynilega í hauginn og sögðu Svíum að hann lifði og varðveittu hann þar þrjá vetur. En skatt öllum helltu þeir í hauginn, í einn glugg gullinu en í annan silfrinu, í hinn þriðja eirpeningum. Þá hélst ár og friður.

Freyja hélt þá upp blótum því að hún ein lifði þá eftir goðanna og varð hún þá hin frægsta svo að með hennar nafni skyldi kalla allar konur tignar, svo sem nú heita frúvur. Svo hét og hver freyja yfir sinni eigu en sú húsfreyja er bú á. Freyja var heldur marglynd. Óður hét bóndi hennar. Dætur hennar hétu Hnoss og Gersemi. Þær voru fagrar mjög. Af þeirra nafni eru svo kallaðir hinir dýrstu gripir.

Þá er allir Svíar vissu að Freyr var dauður en hélst ár og friður þá trúðu þeir að svo mundi vera meðan Freyr væri á Svíþjóð og vildu eigi brenna hann og kölluðu hann veraldargoð, blótuðu mest til árs og friðar alla ævi síðan.

[see: www.snerpa.is. [málföng words missing]]

After Njörðr, Freyr succeeded to power. He was called king of the Swedes and received tribute from them. He was greatly beloved and blessed by good seasons like his father. Freyr erected a great temple at Uppsala and made his chief residence there, directing to it all tribute due to him, both lands and chattels. This was the origin of the Uppsala crown goods, which have been kept up ever since. In his days there originated the so-called Peace of Fróði *(Fróðafriðr). There were good harvests at that time in all countries. The Swedes attributed that to Freyr. And he was worshipped more than other gods because in his days, owing to peace and good harvests, the farmers became better off than before. His wife was called Gerðr Gymisdóttir. Their son was Fjölnir. Freyr was also called Yngvi; and the name of Yngvi was for a long time afterwards kept in his line as a name for kings, and his race were thereafter called Ynglings.

Freyr took sick; and when the sickness gained on him, his followers hit upon the plan to let few men see him, and they threw up a great burial mound with a door and three windows. And when Freyr was dead they carried him secretly into the mound and told the Swedes that he was still alive, and kept him there for three years. But all the tribute they poured into the mound – gold by one window, silver by another, and copper coin by the third. Thus good seasons and peace endured.

Freyja kept up the sacrifices for she was the only one among the godheads who survived. Therefore she became most famous, so that all women of rank came to be called by her name. They are now called frúvur ["ladies"]. Thus everyone who is a mistress over her property is called freya, and húsfreya [“lady of the house”] one who owns an estate.

Freyja was rather fickle-minded. Her husband was called Óðr, and her daughters, Hnoss and Gersimi. They were very beautiful, and we give their names to our most precious possessions.

When all Swedes knew that Freyr was dead but that good seasons and peace still prevailed, they believed this would be the case so long as Freyr was in Sweden; and so they would not burn him and called him the God of the World and sacrificed to him ever after for good harvests and peace.

[see: The Saga of the Ynglings in Heimskringla: history of the kings of Norway, by Snorri Sturluson, trans. Lee M. Hollander (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995), chapter 10, pp. 13-14. Names have been standardised to Íslenzk Fornrit forms.]

[status: referenced copy]

editions: Skj Not in Skj;

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