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Runic Dictionary

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Gamli kanóki (Gamlkan)

12th century; volume 7; ed. Katrina Attwood;

1. Harmsól (Has) - 65

Gamli kanóki ‘canon Gamli’ (where the name Gamli, ‘the old one’ may itself be a nickname) is best known as the author of the poem Harmsól ‘Sun of Sorrow’, which is explicitly ascribed to him in a marginal note at the beginning of the poem on fol. 12r, l. 42 of the sole surviving ms., AM 757 a 4° (B): Harmsol er gamle orti kanokeHarmsól, which canon Gamli composed’. Gamli is also mentioned by name in Jóns saga postula (Jón4), where the author of the prose text prefaces the quotation of four sts from Gamli’s Jónsdrápa with the information: Annan mann til óðgirðar signaðum Johanni nefnum vér Gamla kanunk austr í Þykkvabœ, hann orti drápu dyrligum Johanni ‘As the second man to have composed a poem to blessed John we [I] name canon Gamli in the east at Þykkvabœr, he composed a drápa to S. John’ (Jón4 1874, 510). In a remark before the fourth st. Gamli is referred to as bróðir Gamli ‘Brother Gamli’ (Jón4 1874, 511). Þykkvabœr was an Augustinian monastery in south-eastern Iceland founded in 1168; Gamli was thus an Augustinian canon (or canon regular) of this community. His floruit can be inferred from the date of the foundation of Þykkvabœr as being in the mid- to late C12th.

file 2006-12-15 - Gamli kanoki w. MCR corrections

Harmsól (‘Sun of Sorrow’) — Gamlkan HasVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘ Gamli kanóki, Harmsól’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 70-132. <> (accessed 18 October 2021)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65 

Skj: Gamli kanóki: 2. Harmsól, „er gamle orti kanoke“ (AI, 562-72, BI, 548-65)

SkP info: VII, 105-6

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

37 — Gamlkan Has 37VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


lemmatised words

This information has not been reviewed and should not be referred to.

aldri (adv.) ‘never...’ — 37/5

allr (adj.) ‘all...’allt 37/2

1angr (noun m.) [°angrs, dat. angri/angr] ‘grief...’ — 37/8

angrsamr (adj.) ‘°pinagtig, kummerlig; unpleasant, misera...’angrsamt 37/8

dómr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -i; -ar] ‘judgement; court; -dom, -ness (suffix)...’dómi 37/4

drengr (noun m.) [°-s, dat. -; -ir, gen. -ja] ‘man, warrior...’drengjum 37/2

dróttinn (noun m.) [°dróttins, dat. dróttni (drottini [$1049$]); dróttnar] ‘lord, master...’dróttins 37/6

2engi (pron.) ‘no, none...’engum 37/7

firar (noun m.) ‘men...’fira 37/6

2ganga (verb) [geng, gekk, gengu, genginn] ‘walk, go...’ganga 37/8, gengr 37/2

gnóttr (noun m.) ‘abundance...’gnótt 37/6

1guð (noun m.) [°***guðrs, guðis, gus] ‘(Christian) God...’ — 37/4

guðdómr (noun m.) ‘God’s dominion...’guðdómi 37/4

gumi (noun m.) [°-a; gumar/gumnar] ‘man...’Gumar 37/1

gætir (noun m.) ‘guardian...’gæti 37/1

heilagr (adj.) [°helgan; compar. -ari, superl. -astr] ‘holy, sacred...’heilags 37/3

himinljómi (noun m.)himinljóma 37/4

himinn (noun m.) [°himins, dat. himni; himnar] ‘heaven, sky...’himin 37/4

hugr (noun m.) ‘mind, thought, courage...’hug 37/8

hœgri (adj. comp.) ‘higher, highest...’hæstum 37/3

í (prep.) ‘in, into...’ — 37/3

Kjǫr (noun n.) ‘[decision]...’ — 37/2

Kristr (noun m.) [°-s/-, dat. -i; -ar] ‘Christ...’Krists 37/3

líta (verb) ‘look, see; appear...’ — 37/1

ljómi (noun m.) [°-a] ‘light, beam...’ljóma 37/4

3ór (prep.) ‘out of...’ — 37/8

samr (adj.) [°compar. -ari] ‘same...’samt 37/8

1 (pron.) [°gen. þess, dat. þeim, acc. þann; f. sú, gen. þeirrar, acc. þá; n. þat, dat. því; pl. m. þeir, f. þǽ---] ‘that (one), those...’ 37/5

skulu (verb) ‘shall, should, must...’skyldi 37/5

sløngvir (noun m.) ‘slinger...’sløngvi 37/7

unað (noun n.) [°-s] ‘happiness...’unaðs 37/6

unaðsgnóttr (noun m.)unaðsgnótt 37/6

2vera (verb) ‘be, is, was, were, are, am...’s 37/7

vér (pron.) [°gen. vár, dat./acc. oss] ‘we, us, our...’Oss 37/5

2við (prep.) ‘with, against...’ — 37/2

þar (adv.) ‘there...’ — 37/7

2þá (adv.) ‘then...’ — 37/1

ǫr (noun f.) [°dat. -/-u; ǫrvar/ǫrar] ‘arrow...’ — 37/7

ǫrsløngvir (noun m.)ǫrsløngvi 37/7


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