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Runic Dictionary

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Gamli kanóki (Gamlkan)

12th century; volume 7; ed. Katrina Attwood;

1. Harmsól (Has) - 65

Gamli kanóki ‘canon Gamli’ (where the name Gamli, ‘the old one’ may itself be a nickname) is best known as the author of the poem Harmsól ‘Sun of Sorrow’, which is explicitly ascribed to him in a marginal note at the beginning of the poem on fol. 12r, l. 42 of the sole surviving ms., AM 757 a 4° (B): Harmsol er gamle orti kanokeHarmsól, which canon Gamli composed’. Gamli is also mentioned by name in Jóns saga postula (Jón4), where the author of the prose text prefaces the quotation of four sts from Gamli’s Jónsdrápa with the information: Annan mann til óðgirðar signaðum Johanni nefnum vér Gamla kanunk austr í Þykkvabœ, hann orti drápu dyrligum Johanni ‘As the second man to have composed a poem to blessed John we [I] name canon Gamli in the east at Þykkvabœr, he composed a drápa to S. John’ (Jón4 1874, 510). In a remark before the fourth st. Gamli is referred to as bróðir Gamli ‘Brother Gamli’ (Jón4 1874, 511). Þykkvabœr was an Augustinian monastery in south-eastern Iceland founded in 1168; Gamli was thus an Augustinian canon (or canon regular) of this community. His floruit can be inferred from the date of the foundation of Þykkvabœr as being in the mid- to late C12th.

files
file 2006-12-15 - Gamli kanoki w. MCR corrections

Harmsól (‘Sun of Sorrow’) — Gamlkan HasVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Gamli kanóki, Harmsól’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 70-132.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65 

Skj: Gamli kanóki: 2. Harmsól, „er gamle orti kanoke“ (AI, 562-72, BI, 548-65)

SkP info: VII, 96-7

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

27 — Gamlkan Has 27VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 27’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 96-7.

Sæll, tókt einn fyr allar
óverðr guma ferðir,
sannstýrandi, sáran,
sólhauðrs, á þik dauða,
ok liðfasta (leystir)
lífs unnir þú runnum
(hǫlða ferð ór harðri
harms gnótt) fira dróttinn.

{Sæll sannstýrandi {sólhauðrs}}, einn óverðr, tókt sáran dauða á þik fyr {allar ferðir guma}, ok þú unnir {runnum {liðfasta}} lífs, {dróttinn fira}; leystir {ferð hǫlða} ór harðri gnótt harms.

{Blessed true-steerer {of the sun-land}} [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)], alone, undeserving, you took a painful death upon yourself for {all the hosts of men} [MANKIND], and you granted life {to bushes {of arm-fires}} [GOLD RINGS > MEN], {lord of men} [= God (= Christ)]; you freed {the host of men} [MANKIND] from a cruel abundance of grief.

Mss: B(12v), 399a-bˣ

Readings: [5] leystir: so 399a‑bˣ, ‘le[...]st[...]’ B    [7] hǫlða: ‘h[...]’ B, ‘ḥọ᷎ḷda’(?) 399a‑bˣ, ‘h(o᷎lda)’(?) BRydberg, ‘h(old)a’(?) BFJ

Editions: Skj: Gamli kanóki, 2. Harmsól 27: AI, 567, BI, 555, Skald I, 269, NN §1194; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 21-2, Kempff 1867, 8, Rydberg 1907, 25, Black 1971, 208, Attwood 1996a, 228.

Notes: [3-4] sannstýrandi sólhauðrs ‘true-steerer of the sun-land [SKY/HEAVEN > = God (= Christ)]’: An identical heaven-kenning is at the heart of the Christ-kenning sonr hauðrs sólar ‘son of the land of the sun’ in Leið 31/3-4. According to LP: sólhauðr, the cpd is a hap. leg., and no other occurrence of sólar hauðrs is attested, though the concept is common.

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